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Ilan Ramon
אילן רמון
Ilan Ramon, NASA photo portrait in orange suit.jpg
Ilan Ramon, NASA photo portrait
Born June 20, 1954
Died February 1, 2003(2003-02-01) (aged 48)
Over Texas
Nationality Israel
Alma mater Tel Aviv University, B.S. 1987
Space career
ISA astronaut
Previous occupation
Fighter pilot
Rank Colonel, Israeli Air Force
Time in space
15d 22h 20m
Selection 1996 NASA Group
Missions STS-107
Mission insignia
STS-107 Flight Insignia.svg

Colonel Ilan Ramon (Hebrew: אילן רמון, born Ilan Wolferman; June 20, 1954 - February 1, 2003) was an Israeli pilot and the first Israeli astronaut and Israeli national hero. Ramon was the space shuttle payload specialist of STS-107, the fatal mission of Columbia, in which he and six other crew members were killed in the re-entry accident. At 48, he was the oldest member of the crew.

Ramon is the only foreign recipient of the United States Congressional Space Medal of Honor, which he was awarded posthumously. His mother survived holocaust (at Auschwitz concentration camp) and his father fought for Israeli independence.

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