John Tenniel facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Sir John Tenniel
Self-portrait of John Tenniel, c. 1889
Born (1820-02-28)28 February 1820
Bayswater, United Kingdom
Died 25 February 1914(1914-02-25) (aged 93)
London, United Kingdom
Nationality British
Field Illustration, Children's literature, Political cartoons

Sir John Tenniel (28 February 1820 – 25 February 1914) was an English illustrator, graphic humorist, and political cartoonist prominent in the second half of the 19th century. He was knighted for his artistic achievements in 1893. Tenniel is remembered especially as the principal political cartoonist for Punch magazine for over 50 years.

Despite the thousands of political cartoons and hundreds of illustrative works attributed to him, much of Tenniel's fame stems from his illustrations for Alice. Tenniel drew ninety-two drawings for Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (London: Macmillan, 1865) and Through the Looking-Glass and What Alice Found There (London: Macmillan, 1871).

Tenniel's illustrations for the Alice books were engraved onto blocks of deal wood by the Brothers Dalziel. These engravings were then used as masters for making the electrotype copies for the actual printing of the books. The original wood blocks are held in the collection of the Bodleian Library in Oxford. They are not usually on public display, but were exhibited in 2003.

An ultimate tribute came to an elderly Tenniel as he was knighted for his public service in 1893 by Queen Victoria. It was the first such honour ever bestowed on an illustrator or cartoonist.

Tenniel died in February 25, 1914, just 3 days before his 94th birthday. He was 93 years old.

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