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Juba II
Juba II
Portrait of Juba II, Louvre Museum
Predecessor Juba I
Successor Ptolemy of Mauretania
King of Numidia
Reign 30 BC – 25 BC (5 years)
King of Mauretania
Reign 25 BC – AD 23 (48 years)
Spouse Princess Cleopatra Selene II
Glaphyra, Princess of Cappadocia
Father Juba I

Juba II or Juba II of Mauretania (52/50 BC – AD 23) was the son of Juba I and King of Numidia and Mauretania. His first wife was Cleopatra Selene II, daughter of the Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman triumvir Mark Antony.

Early life

Juba II was a Berber prince from Numidia, he was born in hippo ( Annaba in actual Algeria ). He was the only child and heir of King Juba I of Numidia; his mother's identity is unknown. In 46 BC, his father was defeated by Julius Caesar (in Thapsus, North Africa). Numidia became a Roman Province. His father had been an ally of the Roman General Pompey.

Juba II was brought to Rome by Julius Caesar and he took part in Caesar’s triumphal procession. In Rome he learned Latin and Greek, became romanized and was granted Roman citizenship.

Through dedication to his studies, he is said to have become one of Rome's best educated citizens, and by age 20 he wrote one of his first works entitled Roman Archaeology. He was raised by Julius Caesar and later by his great-nephew Octavian (future Emperor Caesar Augustus). While growing up, Juba II accompanied Octavian on military campaigns, gaining valuable experience as a leader. He fought alongside Octavian in the battle of Actium in 31 BC. They became longtime friends.

Juba II was a noted patron of the arts and sciences and sponsored several expeditions and biological research. He also was a notable author, writing several scholarly and popular scientific works such as treatises on natural history. Only fragments of his work survived. In Athens, a monument was built in recognition of his writings.

After his death Juba II was buried alongside his first wife in the Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania.

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