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Junction City, Oregon facts for kids

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Junction City, Oregon
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lane
Incorporated 1872
Area
 • Total 3.29 sq mi (8.51 km2)
 • Land 3.29 sq mi (8.51 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
325 ft (99.1 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 5,392
 • Estimate 
(2019)
6,229
 • Density 1,895.04/sq mi (731.57/km2)
Time zone UTC−08:00 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−07:00 (Pacific)
ZIP Code
97448
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-38000
GNIS feature ID 1166668
Website www.junctioncityoregon.gov

Junction City is a city in Lane County, Oregon, United States. Its population was 5,392 at the 2010 census.

History

Junction City Hotel Block 1908
Junction City hotel block in 1908
Junction City Oregon 1920
Junction City circa 1920

In the 1870s, Junction City was named by railroad magnate Ben Holladay, who decided this would be where the rail line on the east side of the Willamette Valley would meet the rail line on the west side. The westside line, however, was not built according to plan, although Junction City later was where the two main branches of U.S. Route 99 (which divided in Portland) would rejoin. The city was incorporated in 1872.

Junction City gained media attention from major outlets such as CNN, Fox News, and The Today Show in 2003, when a number of local men posed in the nude for "The Men of the Long Tom Grange Calendar" to raise money for the local school district. The project raised over $265,000 for local schools and brought national attention to the issue of school funding.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.36 square miles (6.11 km2), all of it land.

Climate

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Junction City has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 428
1900 506
1910 759 50.0%
1920 687 −9.5%
1930 922 34.2%
1940 1,187 28.7%
1950 1,475 24.3%
1960 1,614 9.4%
1970 2,373 47.0%
1980 3,320 39.9%
1990 3,670 10.5%
2000 5,132 39.8%
2010 5,392 5.1%
2019 (est.) 6,229 15.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,392 people, 2,184 households, and 1,394 families living in the city. The population density was 2,284.7 inhabitants per square mile (882.1/km2). There were 2,323 housing units at an average density of 984.3 per square mile (380.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.4% White, 0.7% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.0% of the population.

There were 2,184 households, of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.2% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 36 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.4% were from 45 to 64; and 15.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

Annual events

Junction City car show
A car show in Junction City
  • Junction City is home to the Scandinavian Festival, an annual four-day event which pays homage to the cultures of Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Iceland; held mid-August.
  • The Daffodil Drive Festival is a two-day event held each year in mid-March. It features a 6-mile drive along Ferguson Road, which leads to the Long Tom Grange, where visitors can purchase daffodil bulbs and other goods.

Economy

Junction City is home to a large and eclectic farming community, the bulk of which is made up of several large family-owned farms. Lochmead Farms, one of the largest privately owned dairy farms in the Pacific Northwest, is owned and operated by the Gibson family. Stroda Farms, a high-volume Christmas tree and general crop farm, is privately owned and operated by the Stroda family. The city was the home of Country Coach, a large luxury motorcoach manufacturer, which went bankrupt in November 2009. It was also the home of Monaco Coach Corporation prior to their move to nearby Coburg. In March 2015, the Oregon State Hospital opened a Junction City Campus with the capacity to serve 174 people with mental illness.

Education

The city is served by the Junction City School District, which includes Junction City High School.

Notable people

  • Bobby Doerr, Major League Baseball player, member of National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Kate Elliott, fantasy and science fiction writer
  • Ty Harden, Major League Soccer player
  • Eric Hays, basketball player and coach
  • Buster B. Jones, American fingerpicking-style guitar player
  • Derek Humphry, founder of the Hemlock Society
  • Walter McClure, track and field athlete
  • Dmae Roberts, public radio producer, writer, actress, and playwright
  • Dave Wilcox, American football player, member of Pro Football Hall of Fame
  • Justin Wilcox, American football coach
  • John N. Williamson, politician
  • Charity Dean, disease control expert and assistant director of California's Department of Public Health
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