Jupiter, Florida facts for kids

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Town of Jupiter
Town
Jupiter, Florida
Jupiter Inlet
Jupiter Inlet
Location of Jupiter in Palm Beach County, Florida
Location of Jupiter in Palm Beach County, Florida
Country  United States of America
State  Florida
County Flag of Palm Beach County, Florida.png Palm Beach
Incorporated February 9, 1925
Area
 • Total 21.1 sq mi (54.7 km2)
 • Land 20.0 sq mi (51.8 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2015)
 • Total 62,707
 • Density 3,135.4/sq mi (1,210.6/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 33410, 33418, 33458, 33468, 33469, 33477, 33478
Area code(s) 561
FIPS code 12-35875
GNIS feature ID 0285000
Website www.jupiter.fl.us

Jupiter is the northernmost town in Palm Beach County, Florida, United States. According to the 2015 Census Bureau estimate, the town had a total population of 62,707. It is one of the northernmost communities of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census. It was rated as the 9th Happiest Seaside Town in America by Coastal Living in 2012.

History

The area where the town now sits was originally named for the Hobe Indian tribe which lived at the mouth of the Loxahatchee River, and whose name is also preserved in the name of nearby Hobe Sound. A mapmaker misunderstood the Spanish spelling "Jobe" of the Indian name "Hobe" and recorded it as "Jove". Subsequent mapmakers further misunderstood this to be the Latin translation of the god Jupiter, and they anglicized the name from Jove to "Jupiter". The Roman god Jupiter (or Zeus in the Greek mythology) is the chief Roman god, and god of light, of the sky and weather, and of the state and its welfare and its laws. Jupiter's consort was Juno, inspiring a neighboring town to name itself "Juno Beach".

The most notable landmark is the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse, completed in 1860. Made of brick, it was painted red in 1910 to cover discoloration caused by humidity. Hurricane Jeanne in 2004 sandblasted the paint from the upper portion of the tower, and the tower was repainted using a potassium silicate mineral coating. The lighthouse is often used as the symbol for Jupiter.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.1 square miles (55 km2), of which 20.0 square miles (52 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) is water.

Jupiter has a Tropical savanna climate. Much of the year is warm to hot in Jupiter, and frost is very rare. As is typical in Florida, there are two basic seasons in Jupiter, a mild and dry winter (November through April), and a hot and wet summer (May through October). Daily thundershowers are common in the hot season, though they are brief. The city of Jupiter is home to many tropical and subtropical plants and trees, and the city is known for its lush landscaping around private homes and public parks.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1930 176
1940 215 22.2%
1950 313 45.6%
1960 1,058 238.0%
1970 3,136 196.4%
1980 9,868 214.7%
1990 24,986 153.2%
2000 39,328 57.4%
2010 55,156 40.2%
Est. 2015 62,707 59.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
Jupiter Demographics
2010 Census Jupiter Palm Beach County Florida
Total population 55,156 1,320,134 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +40.2% +16.7% +17.6%
Population density 2,569.5/sq mi 670.2/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 90.6% 73.5% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 82.6% 60.1% 57.9%
Black or African-American 1.5% 17.3% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 12.7% 19.0% 22.5%
Asian 2.0% 2.4% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.5% 0.5% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0% 0.1% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 1.7% 2.3% 2.5%
Some Other Race 3.7% 3.9% 3.6%

As of 2010, there were 29,825 households out of which 19.8% were vacant. In 2000, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% are married couples living together, 8.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% are non-families. 25.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 3.15

In 2000, the town the population is spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 42 years. For every 100 females there are 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the town is $54,945, and the median income for a family is $64,873. Males have a median income of $44,883 versus $33,514 for females. The per capita income for the town is $35,088. 4.8% of the population and 3.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

As of 2000, those who spoke only English at home accounted for 88.5% of all residents, while those who reported speaking Spanish were 7.2%, and Italian 1.7% of the population.

Points of interest

Jupiter Lighthouse and Banyan Tree
Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse
  • Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1973.
  • Jupiter is the home to the Miami Marlins and St. Louis Cardinals spring training facilities as well as one of their respective Class A Minor League Baseball affiliates, the Jupiter Hammerheads and Palm Beach Cardinals. They share the use of the Roger Dean Stadium complex, located in Abacoa. Both minor league squads compete in the Florida State League.
  • William P. Gwinn Airport is located in Jupiter.
  • Jupiter is home to Florida Atlantic University's MacArthur Campus. This northern campus of FAU is also the location of the Harriet L. Wilkes Honors College
  • Palm Beach International Raceway a racing facility built in 1965, and was remodeled in 2008 in an attempt to obtain a FIA Grade II Certification. The Facility currently host several IHRA and NHRA sportsman events as well as an ARCA Remax Series Event.
  • The Scripps Research Institute has opened a satellite campus adjacent to the MacArthur Campus of Florida Atlantic University in Jupiter. Approximately 360 scientists and technical staff operate in a 350,000-square-foot (33,000 m2) state of the art research facility. Scripps Florida focuses on the development of therapeutic opportunities in several disease areas.
  • The Max Planck Society has also opened a facility on the FAU campus, the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience, and is the Max Planck Society's first non-European research institute.
  • Jupiter beaches are what draws many residents and visitors many of which are dog friendly.
  • LORAN-C transmitter Jupiter
  • Busch Wildlife Sanctuary, a non-profit, educational based care facility for injured wild animals.
  • The television program American Horror Story: Freak Show was set in Jupiter.

United States flag incident

In 1999, Jupiter resident George Andres wanted to display a United States flag in his front yard, however, the homeowners association had a bylaw prohibiting the display of a flagpole in the front lawn. Andres still displayed the flag, while the homeowners association went as far as foreclosing his home to cover legal fees after being in court at least twenty-eight times. Even after governor Jeb Bush visited his home along with members of the local and national media, the homeowners association refused to budge. Andres said, "Well, first they said that it was going to cost more to cut the grass around the pole, which is kind of funny. And then they told me that the flagpole was going to take away from the value of the property. And I said, well, then we should be able to take away all the trees around here, because they're the same as the pole. And my pole is a portable pole. And the state government says I can do it."

George Andres won and was allowed to display his flag in his front lawn with the use of a flagpole.

During the last week of July 2006, President George W. Bush signed the Freedom to Display the American Flag Act of 2005, allowing residents to display the flag on their residential property despite any homeowners association rules.


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