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Lebanon, Maine facts for kids

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Lebanon, Maine
Ironwell, the Ole Bull residence c. 1915
Ironwell, the Ole Bull residence c. 1915
Lebanon, Maine is located in Maine
Lebanon, Maine
Lebanon, Maine
Location in Maine
Country United States
State Maine
County York
Incorporated 1767
Government
 • Type Town Meeting
Area
 • Total 55.83 sq mi (144.60 km2)
 • Land 55.00 sq mi (142.45 km2)
 • Water 0.83 sq mi (2.15 km2)
Elevation
459 ft (140 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 6,469
 • Density 118/sq mi (45.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04027
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-38425
GNIS feature ID 0582550

Lebanon is a town in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 6,469 at the 2020 census. Lebanon includes the villages of Center Lebanon, West Lebanon, North Lebanon, South Lebanon and East Lebanon. It is the westernmost town in Maine. Lebanon is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area. Lebanon Airport is home to Skydive New England.

History

It was called Towwoh by the Newichawannock Abenaki tribe, whose main village was further down the Salmon Falls River. On April 20, 1733, the Massachusetts General Court granted Towwoh Plantation to 60 colonists, who first settled it in 1743. The township was incorporated on June 17, 1767, renamed Lebanon after the biblical land of Lebanon. It was Maine's 23rd town. Lebanon annexed unincorporated land in 1785, and some from Sanford in 1787. It swapped land with Shapleigh, giving some in 1793, then annexing some in 1825.

Farmers found the surface of the town relatively level in the southeast, with extensive pine plains in the northwest. The chief crop would be hay. At the Salmon Falls River and the Little River were water power sites for mills. Lebanon had four sawmills, three gristmills, a shingle mill, a wool carding mill and a tannery. In 1850, Oren B. Cheney founded West Lebanon Academy. Beginning in the early 1870s, the Portland and Rochester Railroad ran the length of the town's southeast side, with the Portsmouth, Great Falls and Conway Railroad crossing for a short distance on the western side.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.83 square miles (144.60 km2), of which, 55.00 square miles (142.45 km2) of it is land and 0.83 square miles (2.15 km2) is water. Lebanon is drained by the Little River and Salmon Falls River. The town's highest point is Prospect Hill, 880 feet (268 m) above sea level. The lowest elevation borders the Salmon Falls River, on the town's southern most boundary, which is approximately 170 feet (52 m) above sea level.

The town is crossed by U.S. Route 202 and State Route 11. It borders the towns of Acton to the north, Sanford to the east, Berwick and North Berwick to the southeast, and the New Hampshire towns of Milton and Rochester to the west.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,296
1800 1,657 27.9%
1810 1,938 17.0%
1820 2,223 14.7%
1830 2,391 7.6%
1840 2,273 −4.9%
1850 2,208 −2.9%
1860 2,040 −7.6%
1870 1,953 −4.3%
1880 1,601 −18.0%
1890 1,263 −21.1%
1900 1,335 5.7%
1910 1,316 −1.4%
1920 1,192 −9.4%
1930 1,148 −3.7%
1940 1,452 26.5%
1950 1,499 3.2%
1960 1,534 2.3%
1970 1,983 29.3%
1980 3,234 63.1%
1990 4,263 31.8%
2000 5,083 19.2%
2010 6,031 18.7%
2020 6,469 7.3%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,031 people, 2,204 households, and 1,679 families living in the town. The population density was 109.7 inhabitants per square mile (42.4/km2). There were 2,540 housing units at an average density of 46.2 per square mile (17.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.1% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 2,204 households, of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.8% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the town was 39.3 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.8% were from 25 to 44; 31% were from 45 to 64; and 10.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

Education

Lebanon is part of MSAD60/RSU 60.

Steve Connolly is the Superintendent of Schools.

Lebanon has two schools, Lebanon Elementary School (grades 4–5) and Hanson School (grades K–3).

Notable people

  • Ole Bull, violinist and composer (summer resident)
  • Oren B. Cheney, clergyman, abolitionist, founded Bates College
  • Claudius B. Grant, Chief Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court
  • Elihu B. Hayes, manufacturer, newspaper owner and politician
  • Charles Coffin Jewett, superintendent of the Boston Public Library
  • Sumner Increase Kimball, organized the United States Life-Saving Service
  • Charles E. Littlefield, US congressman
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