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North Berwick, Maine facts for kids

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North Berwick
Market Street c. 1910
Market Street c. 1910
Nickname(s): 
The Berwicks
Motto(s): 
"The Power To Choose"
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Country United States
State Maine
County York
Incorporated March 22, 1831
Government
 • Type Board of selectmen
Area
 • Total 38.16 sq mi (98.83 km2)
 • Land 38.02 sq mi (98.47 km2)
 • Water 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
Elevation
282 ft (86 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,978
 • Density 131/sq mi (50.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
03906
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-50325
GNIS feature ID 0582628
Website Official Website: http://www.townofnorthberwick.org/

North Berwick is a town in York County, Maine, United States. The town was set off from Berwick in 1831, following South Berwick in 1814.

North Berwick's population was 4,978 at the 2020 census. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area.

History

Originally a part of Kittery called Kittery Commons, the area was first settled in 1693 by John Morrell, a Quaker who built a log cabin on Wells Street. It was set off from Kittery in 1713 as part of Berwick, named for Berwick-upon-Tweed on the Anglo-Scottish border. Doughty Falls in the Great Works River provided water power for a sawmill, gristmill and carding mill. After the Revolutionary War, the small mill town grew rapidly. It was set off and incorporated as North Berwick on March 22, 1831. The town was named after Berwick, England.

Development was spurred in 1842 by the arrival of the Portland, Saco & Portsmouth Railroad, joined by the Boston & Maine Railroad in 1873. North Berwick became a railroad hub from which its manufactured goods were shipped, including lumber, shingles, clapboards, wooden boxes, firewood, bricks, carriages, caskets, clocks, stove and shoe polish, toboggans and sleds. Also loaded aboard the boxcars were barrels of apples, blocks of ice cut from frozen ponds, granite from quarries, and tins of corn packed at a canning factory. But the 2 biggest North Berwick businesses during the 19th-century made woolens and farm implements.

In 1834, the Maine Legislature incorporated Lang, Hill & Company to manufacture woolen blankets, called "printing blankets," at a mill beside the Great Works River. Renamed the North Berwick Company, by 1850 its principal owner was "Friend" William Hill, who trained as a machinist at the Great Falls Manufacturing Company in Somersworth, New Hampshire. The wooden mill was destroyed by fire in 1861, but rebuilt in brick in 1862. It produced blankets for Civil War troops. The factory had 40 looms turning out 1,500 yards of flannel daily, in addition to blankets. In 1955, the North Berwick Company would close. Its landmark Greek Revival building was used as the Parrish Shoes factory in the 1995 movie Jumanji, and has since been renovated and adapted as housing.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.16 square miles (98.83 km2), of which, 38.02 square miles (98.47 km2) of it is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water. North Berwick is drained by the Great Works River and its tributary, the Negutaquet River. Bauneg Beg Hill, elevation 866 feet (264 m) above sea level, is the town's highest point.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,461
1850 1,593 9.0%
1860 1,492 −6.3%
1870 1,623 8.8%
1880 1,801 11.0%
1890 1,803 0.1%
1900 1,748 −3.1%
1910 1,777 1.7%
1920 1,652 −7.0%
1930 1,540 −6.8%
1940 1,455 −5.5%
1950 1,655 13.7%
1960 1,844 11.4%
1970 2,224 20.6%
1980 2,878 29.4%
1990 3,793 31.8%
2000 4,293 13.2%
2010 4,576 6.6%
2020 4,978 8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
High School Building, North Berwick, ME
High School in 1910, now Town Offices

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,576 people, 1,773 households, and 1,269 families residing in the town. The population density was 120.4 inhabitants per square mile (46.5/km2). There were 1,930 housing units at an average density of 50.8 per square mile (19.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.1% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 1,773 households, of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the town was 42.3 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 32.2% were from 45 to 64, and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

Parks and recreation

Bauneg Beg Lake
Bauneg Beg Lake

North Berwick includes Bauneg Beg Pond, a recreational area.

Economy

Local farmer William Hussey designed a cast iron plow in 1835, which led to the founding of the Hussey Plow Company. The North Berwick firm fabricated farm implements. It evolved into the Hussey Manufacturing Company, which produced a variety of items including sewer grates, manhole covers, ladders, ski jumps and chair lifts. Today, it is the Hussey Seating Company, a manufacturer of seats for auditoriums, bleachers for stadiums as well as other spectator facilities. In 2003, it was honored as Maine's oldest family-owned business.

The town's other major contemporary employer is a Pratt & Whitney aircraft engine parts factory and overhaul facility. Built as Simplex Wire & Cable, the structure was purchased and expanded by Pratt & Whitney in 1979 to cover 875,000 square feet (81,300 m2), making it the largest manufacturing plant under one roof in Maine.

Education

North Berwick is part of MSAD60/RSU 60.

North Berwick is home to three schools: Noble High School, North Berwick Primary School and the Mary R. Hurd School. Middle school students attend Noble Middle School in the neighboring town of Berwick.

Notable people

Women's History Month on Kiddle
Women Scientists of Antiquity
Hypatia
Agnodice
Aglaonice
Mary the Jewess
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