Lincolnwood, Illinois facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Lincolnwood
Tessville
Village
Village of Lincolnwood
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Country  United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Township Niles
Incorporated 1922
Area
 • Total 2.69 sq mi (7.0 km2)
 • Land 2.69 sq mi (7.0 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,590
 • Density 4,680.3/sq mi (1,807.1/km2)
  Up 1.9% from 2000
Standard of living (2007-11)
 • Per capita income $42,544
 • Median home value $444,100
ZIP code(s) 60712-1017
Area code(s) Area Codes 224/847
Geocode 43744
Website www.lincolnwoodil.org
Demographics (2010)
White Black Asian
66.9% 1.1% 26.7%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.02% 0.1% 5.2% 6.8%

Lincolnwood (formerly Tessville) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 12,590 at the 2010 census.

Geography

Lincolnwood is located at 42°0′19″N 87°44′3″W / 42.00528°N 87.73417°W / 42.00528; -87.73417 (42.005331, -87.734283).

According to the 2010 census, Lincolnwood has a total area of 2.69 square miles (6.97 km2), all land. The North Shore Channel lies on its eastern border.

History

The history of Lincolnwood is described by the Encyclopedia of Chicago as follows:

Cook County, 10 miles (16 km) NW of the Loop. Lincolnwood is an ethnically diverse, two-and-a-half-square-mile suburb. Potawatomi originally settled the wooded area, but vacated the land after the Indian Boundary Treaty of 1816. Rural development proceeded slowly on treacherous plank roads along present-day Milwaukee and Lincoln Avenues. Johann Tess, for whom the village was originally named, and his family came from Germany in 1856, purchasing 30 acres (120,000 m2) of barren land in the area. Population slowly increased, and the first commercial establishment, the Halfway House Saloon, was established in 1873.


The agrarian population grew after the establishment of a Chicago & North Western Railway station in nearby Skokie in 1891 and the completion of the North Shore Channel in 1909, which made the easily flooded prairie land manageable. More saloons and taverns soon appeared, specifically along Crawford and Lincoln Avenues. Because only organized municipalities could grant liquor licenses, 359 residents incorporated in 1911 and named the village Tessville. Tessville annexed land throughout the 1920s, finally stretching to Central Avenue on the west and Kedzie Avenue on the east. During Prohibition, Tessville became a haven for speakeasies and gambling facilities.

Tessville was long reputed for drinking and gambling until the 1931 election of its longest-serving mayor, Henry A. Proesel, a grandson of George Proesel, one of the original American settlers. In 1932, Lincoln Avenue, formerly a plank toll road, became a state highway. Proesel then worked with the federal government's Public Works Administration and hired the community's entire unemployed workforce to plant 10,000 elm trees on the village streets. Most important, the community passed a liquor license law (1934) that limited the number of licenses allowable within the city limits and became a model ordinance for other communities. Proesel finally changed Tessville's image when he renamed the village Lincolnwood in 1936.

Lincolnwood's institutions, industries, and clubs continued to grow along with the suburb. The Bryn Mawr Country Club (1919), the East Prairie Welfare Club, later to become the Lincolnwood Woman's Club (1927), the Lincolnwood Afternoon Club (1953), American Legion Post #1226 (1952), and the Lincolnwood Jewish Congregation (1958) helped create a sense of community in the village. Lincolnwood School District 74 formed in 1938, and the Lincolnwood Public Library (1978) provided residents with quality education and offered much needed services. Bell & Howell's relocation to east Lincolnwood (1942) spurred growth and increased other industry relocation to the village.

The Purple Hotel, located at the corner of Lincoln and Touhy avenues, has a place in local lore. The hotel was built in 1960 by the Hyatt Corp. and was originally called the Lincolnwood Hyatt House. Well-known Chicago pianist Myles Greene, who now performs at Tuscany's in Oak Brook, was the first performer to open in the hotel 40 years ago. In 1983, convicted mobster- insurance executive Allen Dorfman was gunned down in the hotel parking lot. The murder has never been solved. The hotel changed hands numerous times after the infamous crime, first becoming a Radisson, and then a Ramada. But vaguely criminal associations have nonetheless persisted, especially after prominent reports of "wild", "drug-fueled" parties taking place in 2004 in connection with allegations of political fixing. Since 2004, it has been independent, simply calling itself by the name locals have used for years: the "Purple Hotel." The name came about because of the building's distinctive purple facade, somewhat radical for earth-toned suburbia. In 2006, the Village sued the owners of the Purple Hotel because of health and safety code violations such as mold in guest rooms. In January 2007, it was announced the hotel was to be closed, with future plans unknown. In May 2007, Chicago-based Sertus Capital Partners entered into a conditional contract to purchase the 8-acre (32,000 m2) hotel property, with plans to demolish the famed hotel and build residential and retail space. However, Sertus called off its proposed purchase of the Touhy Avenue property from the current owner Donald Bae in August 2007. The plans were scrapped due to the high cost that owners asked for the property and problems with an extended lease of one of the tenants on the property. In 2010, the Village again brought court action to either remedy more than three dozen building code violations, or demolish the building. In February 2011, the Village was granted authority to condemn and demolish the Purple Hotel at the owner's expense. In late 2011, Weiss Properties and North Capital Group bought the hotel's mortgage note with intentions to restore the hotel with additional amenities. However, the hotel was demolished in August 2013.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 359
1920 355 −1.1%
1930 473 33.2%
1940 752 59.0%
1950 3,072 308.5%
1960 11,744 282.3%
1970 12,929 10.1%
1980 11,921 −7.8%
1990 11,365 −4.7%
2000 12,359 8.7%
2010 12,590 1.9%
Est. 2015 12,646 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,359 people, 4,482 households, and 3,446 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,599.7 people per square mile (1,773.9/km²). There were 4,593 housing units at an average density of 1,709.4 per square mile (659.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village in 2010 was 69.3% White, 1.1% African American, 29.1% Asian, 1.23% from other races, and 0.2% identified as Other. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7% of the population.

There were 4,482 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the village, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

In 2008, the median income for a household in the village was $84,474, and the median income for a family was $128,437. Males had a median income of $52,708 versus $40,098 for females. The per capita income for the village was $35,911. About 1.9% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.

Although Lincolnwood is small, it is sectioned off into neighborhoods. The most notable is “The Towers”, which is located in the area west of the Edens expressway.

Recreation

The village's Recreation Department offers and operates a multitude of recreation programs available to residents. An outdoor pool complex, 9 tennis courts, 11 baseball diamonds, a community center, as well as 13 parks (34 acres in total) dot the Village. Lincolnwood is also home to the exclusive, privately owned Bryn Mawr Country Club and 18-hole golf course. County forest preserves are just minutes away and offer golfing, bike trails, and picnic areas.

In the early 1970s, Lincolnwood's Boys Baseball program produced two Big League World Series champions, [1] (1970 and 1973), a fourth-place finish in the Senior League World Series (1972), and a Big League World Series participant in 1974.

During the Christmas season, a 20-square block area with Pratt Avenue on the north, Devon Avenue on the south, Central Avenue on the west, and Cicero Avenue on the east is known for its holiday lights. There's also a three-story Christmas tree.

Utilities

The village, under contract with Groot Disposal, provides weekly residential garbage service. The village pays extra for Monday trash pickup. The village also provides Lake Michigan water through a purchase agreement with the city of Chicago. Natural gas is provided to Lincolnwood customers by the Nicor Company, and electricity is provided through the Commonwealth Edison Company. AT&T supplies local telephone service and Comcast provides local cable television service.


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