Manassas, Virginia facts for kids

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Manassas, Virginia
Independent city
City of Manassas
View of downtown Manassas looking east on Center Street.
View of downtown Manassas looking east on Center Street.
Flag of Manassas, Virginia
Flag
Official seal of Manassas, Virginia
Seal
Location in relation to Prince William County and the state of Virginia.
Location in relation to Prince William County and the state of Virginia.
Country  United States of America
State  Virginia
County None (Independent city)
Area
 • Total 26 km2 (9.9 sq mi)
 • Land 26 km2 (9.9 sq mi)
 • Water 0 km2 (0.1 sq mi)
Elevation 93 m (305 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 41,705
 • Density 1,478/km2 (3,828/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 20108 (PO Box Only), and 20110
Area code(s) 703, 571
FIPS code 51-48952
GNIS feature ID 1498512
Website www.manassascity.org

Manassas (formerly Manassas Junction) is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 37,821. The city is surrounded by Prince William County and the independent city of Manassas Park. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Manassas (along with Manassas Park) with Prince William County for statistical purposes.

Manassas also serves as the seat of Prince William County. It surrounds the 38-acre (150,000 m2) county courthouse, but that county property is not part of the city. The City of Manassas has several important historic sites from the period 1850–1870.

The City of Manassas is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area and it is situated in the Northern Virginia region.

History

In July 1861, the First Battle of Manassas – also known as the First Battle of Bull Run – the first major land battle of the American Civil War, was fought nearby. Manassas commemorated the 150th anniversary of the First Battle of Manassas during July 21–24, 2011.

The Second Battle of Manassas (or the Second Battle of Bull Run) was fought near Manassas during August 28–30, 1862. At that time, Manassas Junction was little more than a railroad crossing, but a strategic one, with rails leading to Richmond, Virginia, Washington, D.C., and the Shenandoah Valley. Despite these two Confederate victories, Manassas Junction was in Union hands for most of the war.

Following the war, the crossroads grew into the town of Manassas, which was incorporated in 1873. In 1892, Manassas became the county seat of Prince William County, replacing Brentsville. In 1975, Manassas was incorporated as a city, and as per Virginia law was separated from Prince William County.

The Manassas Historic District, Cannon Branch Fort, Liberia, and Manassas Industrial School for Colored Youth are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Manassas is located at 38°45′5″N 77°28′35″W / 38.75139°N 77.47639°W / 38.75139; -77.47639 (38.751415, -77.476396). The city is mainly served by I-66, U.S. 29, Virginia State Route 234 Business and Virginia State Route 28.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles (25.6 km2), of which 9.9 square miles (25.6 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Manassas uses a council-manager system of government. The current city manager is William Patrick Pate. The current mayor is Harry J. Parrish II. The current vice mayor is Jonathan Way.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Manassas has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Adjacent counties and independent cities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 361
1890 530 46.8%
1900 817 54.2%
1910 1,217 49.0%
1920 1,305 7.2%
1930 1,215 −6.9%
1940 1,302 7.2%
1950 1,804 38.6%
1960 3,555 97.1%
1970 9,164 157.8%
1980 15,438 68.5%
1990 27,957 81.1%
2000 35,135 25.7%
2010 37,821 7.6%
Est. 2015 41,764 10.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

According to the census of 2010, the population of the City of Manassas was 37,821 which represented a 7.6% growth in population since the last census in 2000. As of July, 2011, the City’s population is estimated at 39,060. The City is culturally diverse with the 2010 Census reporting that 21.4% of the population is Hispanic. The racial breakdown per the 2010 Census for the City is as follows:

  • 61.7% White
  • 15.7% Black
  • 4.9% Asian
  • 14.6% Other

The population density for the city is 3,782.1 people per square mile and there are an estimated 13,103 housing units in the city with an average housing density of 1,310.3 per square mile. The greatest percentage of housing values of owner-occupied homes (34.8%) is $300,000 to $499,999 with a median owner-occupied housing value of $259,100. The City’s highest period of growth was from 1980 to 1989 when 35% of the City’s housing stock was constructed.

The ACS estimated median household income for the City in 2010 was $70,211. 36% of the population has a college degree. Almost as many people commute into the City of Manassas for work (13,316) as out (13,666) with the majority of out commuters traveling to Fairfax County and Prince William County for their jobs. Unemployment as of July, 2010 in the City is 6.3% which is well below that of the United States at 7.9%. City residents are primarily employed in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Health Care and Social Assistance.

Transportation

Major highways

The major roads into and out of Manassas are VA-28 and VA-234 Business. I-66 and US-29 service Manassas, but neither passes through the city itself.

Airports

Manassas Regional Airport is located within the city limits. The Manassas Regional Airport is the busiest general aviation airport in the Commonwealth of Virginia with more than 415 based aircraft and 26 businesses based onsite ranging from charter companies, avionics, maintenance, flight schools and aircraft services.

Rail transportation

Manassas began life as Manassas Junction, so named for the railroad junction between the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and the Manassas Gap Railroad. The O&A owned the railway from Alexandria through Manassas to points south, ending in Orange, Virginia, while the MGRR was an independent line constructed from Manassas Junction through the Manassas Gap westward. In addition Manassas was the site of the first large scale military use of railroad transportation.

These original routes are now owned by the Norfolk Southern railroad. Amtrak and the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) provide both regular and commuter service to the city and surrounding area on the tracks owned by NS. Three Amtrak routes, the Cardinal, the Northeast Regional and Crescent, provide service. The Cardinal terminates in Chicago, the Northeast Regional in Boston, while the Crescent ends at New Orleans. VRE is a very popular commuting option to Alexandria and Washington, D.C.. VRE has two stops located in the City of Manassas, one in downtown Manassas and one at the Manassas Regional Airport.


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