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Manassas, Virginia
City of Manassas
View of Old Town Manassas looking east on Center Street.
View of Old Town Manassas looking east on Center Street.
Flag of Manassas, Virginia
Official seal of Manassas, Virginia
"Historic Heart, Modern Beat"
Location of Manassas in Virginia
Location of Manassas in Virginia
Manassas, Virginia is located in Northern Virginia
Manassas, Virginia
Manassas, Virginia
Location in Northern Virginia
Manassas, Virginia is located in Virginia
Manassas, Virginia
Manassas, Virginia
Location in Virginia
Manassas, Virginia is located in the United States
Manassas, Virginia
Manassas, Virginia
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Virginia
Pre-incorporation County Flag of Prince William County, Virginia.svg Prince William County (None after Incorporation - Independent city)
Named for Manasseh of Judah
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Total 9.90 sq mi (25.64 km2)
 • Land 9.84 sq mi (25.49 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.15 km2)
305 ft (93 m)
 • Total 42,772
 • Density 4,320.4/sq mi (1,668.2/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
20108 (PO Box Only), and 20110
Area codes 703, 571
FIPS code 51-48952
GNIS feature ID 1498512
Website [1]

Manassas ( formerly Manassas Junction) is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,821; at the 2020 Census, this had grown to 42,772. The city borders Prince William County, and the independent city of Manassas Park, Virginia. The Bureau of Economic Analysis includes both Manassas and Manassas Park with Prince William County for statistical purposes.

The City of Manassas has several important historic sites from the period 1850–1870. While Manassas is the county seat and surrounds the county courthouse that 38-acre (150,000 m2) site is county rather than city property.

The City of Manassas is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area and is in the Northern Virginia region.


In July 1861, the First Battle of Manassas – also known as the First Battle of Bull Run – the first major land battle of the American Civil War, was fought nearby. Manassas commemorated the 150th anniversary of the First Battle of Manassas during July 21–24, 2011.

The Second Battle of Manassas (or the Second Battle of Bull Run) was fought near Manassas during August 28–30, 1862. At that time, Manassas Junction was little more than a railroad crossing, but a strategic one, with rails leading to Richmond, Virginia, Washington, D.C., and the Shenandoah Valley. Despite these two Confederate victories, Manassas Junction was in Union hands for most of the war.

Following the war, the crossroads grew into the town of Manassas, which was incorporated in 1873. In 1892, Manassas became the county seat of Prince William County, replacing Brentsville. In 1975, Manassas was incorporated as a city, and as per Virginia law was separated from Prince William County.

The Manassas Historic District, Cannon Branch Fort, Liberia, and Manassas Industrial School for Colored Youth are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Manassas is located at 38°45′5″N 77°28′35″W / 38.75139°N 77.47639°W / 38.75139; -77.47639 (38.751415, -77.476396). The city is mainly served by I-66, U.S. 29, Virginia State Route 234 Business and Virginia State Route 28.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles (25.6 km2), of which 9.9 square miles (25.6 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Manassas uses a council-manager system of government. The current city manager is William Patrick Pate. The current mayor is Harry J. Parrish II. The current vice mayor is Jonathan Way.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Manassas has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Adjacent counties and independent cities


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 361
1890 530 46.8%
1900 817 54.2%
1910 1,217 49.0%
1920 1,305 7.2%
1930 1,215 −6.9%
1940 1,302 7.2%
1950 1,804 38.6%
1960 3,555 97.1%
1970 9,164 157.8%
1980 15,438 68.5%
1990 27,957 81.1%
2000 35,135 25.7%
2010 37,821 7.6%
2020 42,772 13.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2020 census

Manassas city, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 17,994 14,816 47.58% 34.64%
Black or African American alone (NH) 4,905 4,914 12.97% 11.49%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 99 65 0.26% 0.15%
Asian alone (NH) 1,861 2,703 4.92% 6.32%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 41 19 0.11% 0.04%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 125 317 0.33% 0.74%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 920 1,593 2.43% 3.72%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 11,876 18,345 31.40% 42.89%
Total 37,821 42,772 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

According to the census of 2020, the population of the City of Manassas was 42,772 which represented a 13.1% growth in population since the last census in 2010. The racial breakdown per the 2020 Census for the city is as follows:

  • 51.1% White (34.6% Non-Hispanic White)
  • 14.2% Black (11.5% non-Hispanic Black)
  • 7.8% Asian
  • 3.2% Native American (Including Alaska, Hawaii and Pacific Islands)
  • 24% Other

42.9% of the population was of Hispanic or Latino origin. This can be broken up ethnically as follows (2010 numbers):

  • 9.9% Mexican
  • 1.1% Puerto Rican
  • 0.2% Cuban
  • 20.2% other Hispanic or Latino

The population density for the city is 3,782.1 people per square mile, and there are an estimated 13,103 housing units in the city with an average housing density of 1,310.3 per square mile. The greatest percentage of housing values of owner-occupied homes (34.8%) is $300,000 to $499,999, with a median owner-occupied housing value of $259,100. The city's highest period of growth was from 1980 to 1989, when 35% of the city's housing stock was constructed.

The ACS estimated median household income for the city in 2020 was $86,227. 36% of the population has a college degree. Almost as many people commute into the City of Manassas for work (13,316) as out (13,666), with the majority of out commuters traveling to Fairfax and Prince William counties for their jobs. Unemployment in the city as of February, 2022 was 2.5%, which was below that of the United States at 3.8%. Of the 21,221 working age residents, 20,620 were employed. City residents are primarily employed in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, and Health Care and Social Assistance.


2019-10-18 13 50 43 View north along Virginia State Route 234 (Prince William Parkway) from the ramp connecting southbound Virginia State Route 28 (Nokesville Road) to southbound Virginia State Route 234 in Manassas, Virginia
Route 234 in Manassas

Major highways

The major roads into and out of Manassas are Virginia State Route 28, Virginia State Route 234 and Virginia State Route 234 Business. I-66 and US-29 service Manassas, but neither passes through the city itself.


Manassas Regional Airport is within the city limits. It is the busiest general aviation airport in Virginia, with more than 415 aircraft and 26 businesses based onsite, including charter companies, avionics, maintenance, flight schools and aircraft services.

Between 2019 and 2021 APP Jet Center, a jet servicing company, built three new hangars fit for larger private planes along with extensive renovations to their existing hangars.

Cardinal arriving in Manassas
Amtrak 50, the Cardinal, arriving in Manassas station, which is shared with Virginia Railway Express and hosts the city's visitors center

Rail transportation

Manassas began life as Manassas Junction, so named for the railroad junction between the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and the Manassas Gap Railroad. The O&A owned the railway from Alexandria through Manassas to points south, ending in Orange, Virginia, while the MGRR was an independent line constructed from Manassas Junction through the Manassas Gap westward. In addition Manassas was the site of the first large scale military use of railroad transportation.

These original routes are now owned by the Norfolk Southern railroad. Amtrak and the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) provide regular inter-city and commuter service to the city and surrounding area on the tracks owned by NS. Manassas station is served by VRE and three Amtrak routes: the New York City to Chicago Cardinal, Boston to Roanoke Northeast Regional, and New York to New Orleans Crescent.

The train station was also used for the cover photo of Stephen Stills' album Manassas.


The Manassas Regional Airport has 26 businesses operating out of the airport property. There are 415 based airplanes and two fixed-base operators, APP Jet Center and Dulles Aviation. The Manassas Regional Airport has land available for development.

The city's third-largest employer is Micron Technology. Headquartered in Boise, Idaho, this manufacturer of semiconductors operates its wafer factory in Manassas, where it employs 1,650 people directly, and several hundred others through vendor contracts. In December 2018, Micron began a $3 billon-dollar expansion project at the Manassas site, and it's expected to create 1,100 jobs by 2030. Other major employers include Lockheed Martin (1500 employees) and the Novant Prince William Health System (1400 employees). In 2019 High Purity Systems, a locally based high-tech contracting company, announced plans to invest $8.5 million in new facilities to triple production capability, marking the continued expansion of high-tech firms in the area.

11% of people working in Manassas live in the city, while 89% commute in. 36% commute from Prince William County and 18% commute from Fairfax. Additionally 16,700 people commute from Manassas to the surrounding areas. In 2016, 3.3% of Manassas residents were unemployed.

In 2017 the city created new "streetscape standards" and announced plans for the Mathis Avenue Streetscape Project, aimed at developing Mathis Avenue from Sudley Road to Liberia Avenue into a more pedestrian-friendly, walkable area with significantly improved traffic congestion. The plan is estimated to cost the city $7.3 million and to be completed by 2024.


The City of Manassas is served by the Manassas City Public Schools. There are five elementary schools in Manassas, two intermediate schools, a middle school, and a high school. In 2006, Mayfield Intermediate School opened, serving students in fifth and sixth grade. Due to growth, Baldwin Intermediate School opened in September 2017, also serving 5th and 6th graders.

Some schools in the Prince William County Public Schools district have Manassas addresses, though they are located, and serve areas, outside the Manassas city limits.

Seton School, a private Roman Catholic junior and senior high school affiliated with the Diocese of Arlington, provides Catholic education from its Manassas location. The All Saints Catholic School at the All Saints Parish provides Catholic Education from pre-K through 8th grade. The All Saints Catholic School was a Presidential Blue Ribbon Award winner in 2009.

Also in the vicinity of Manassas are branch campuses of American Public University System, George Mason University, Northern Virginia Community College, ECPI College of Technology and Strayer University. Though some of these are just outside the city limits in Prince William County, NVCC and Strayer call these branches their Manassas Campuses.

Public schools in Manassas:

  • Baldwin Elementary School
  • Jennie Dean Elementary School
  • Richard C. Haydon Elementary School
  • George C. Round Elementary School
  • Weems Elementary School
  • Baldwin Intermediate School
  • Mayfield Intermediate School
  • Grace E. Metz Middle School
  • Osbourn High School

Notable people

See also

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