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Maurice of Orange
School of Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt 001.jpg
Portrait by Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt, 1607
Prince of Orange
In office
20 February 1618 – 23 April 1625
Preceded by Philip William
Succeeded by Frederick Henry
Stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland
In office
14 November 1585 – 23 April 1625
Preceded by William the Silent
Succeeded by Frederick Henry
Stadtholder of Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel
In office
1590 – 23 April 1625
Preceded by Adolf van Nieuwenaar
Succeeded by Frederick Henry
Stadtholder of Groningen
In office
1620 – 23 April 1625
Preceded by William Louis
Succeeded by Ernst Casimir
Personal details
Born 14 November 1567
Dillenburg, County of Nassau, Holy Roman Empire
Died 23 April 1625(1625-04-23) (aged 57)
The Hague, County of Holland, Dutch Republic
Resting place Nieuwe Kerk, Delft, Netherlands
Mother Anna of Saxony
Father William the Silent

Maurice of Orange (Dutch: Maurits van Oranje; German: Moritz von Oranien; 14 November 1567 – 23 April 1625) was stadtholder of all the provinces of the Dutch Republic except for Friesland from 1585 at the earliest until his death in 1625. Before he became Prince of Orange upon the death of his eldest half-brother Philip William in 1618, he was known as Maurice of Nassau.

Maurice spent his youth in Dillenburg in Nassau, and studied in Heidelberg and Leiden. He succeeded his father William the Silent as stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland in 1585, and became stadtholder of Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel in 1590, and of Groningen in 1620. As Captain-General and Admiral of the Union, Maurice organized the Dutch rebellion against Spain into a coherent, successful revolt and won fame as a military strategist. Under his leadership and in cooperation with the Land's Advocate of Holland Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, the Dutch States Army achieved many victories and drove the Spaniards out of the north and east of the Republic. Maurice set out to revive and revise the classical doctrines of Vegetius and pioneered the new European forms of armament and drill. During the Twelve Years' Truce, a religious dispute broke out in the Republic, and a conflict erupted between Maurice and Van Oldenbarnevelt, which ended with the latter's death. After the Truce, Maurice failed to achieve more military victories. He died without legitimate children in The Hague in 1625 and was succeeded by his younger half-brother Frederick Henry.

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