McPherson County, South Dakota facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
McPherson County, South Dakota
Map
Map of South Dakota highlighting McPherson County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the USA highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1884
Seat Leola
Largest City Eureka
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,152 sq mi (2,984 km²)
1,137 sq mi (2,945 km²)
15 sq mi (39 km²), 1.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

2,415
1.3/sq mi (1/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://mcpherson.sdcounties.org/
Named for: James B. McPherson

McPherson County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,459. Its county seat is Leola.

History

The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1884. It is named after American Civil War General James B. McPherson.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,152 square miles (2,980 km2), of which 1,137 square miles (2,940 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.3%) is water.

The Samuel H. Ordway, Jr., Memorial Prairie is a 7,800-acre (3,200 ha) grassland owned by The Nature Conservancy. It lies on the south side of South Dakota Highway 10 about 10 miles (16 km) west of Leola, and is home to a bison herd.

Major highways

  • SD 10.svg South Dakota Highway 10
  • SD 45.svg South Dakota Highway 45
  • SD 47.svg South Dakota Highway 47
  • SD 247.svg South Dakota Highway 247
  • SD 239.svg South Dakota Highway 239

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 5,940
1900 6,327 6.5%
1910 6,791 7.3%
1920 7,705 13.5%
1930 8,774 13.9%
1940 8,353 −4.8%
1950 7,071 −15.3%
1960 5,821 −17.7%
1970 5,022 −13.7%
1980 4,027 −19.8%
1990 3,228 −19.8%
2000 2,904 −10.0%
2010 2,459 −15.3%
Est. 2016 2,438 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,904 people, 1,227 households, and 822 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,465 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.35% White, 0.28% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.03% from other races, and 0.21% from two or more races. 0.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,227 households out of which 23.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 2.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 31.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 4.50% from 18 to 24, 20.10% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 29.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,380, and the median income for a family was $29,811. Males had a median income of $23,705 versus $17,850 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,748. About 17.00% of families and 22.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 22.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,459 people, 1,025 households, and 632 families residing in the county. The population density was 2.2 inhabitants per square mile (0.85/km2). There were 1,418 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile (0.46/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 74.5% were German, 17.7% were Russian, 7.3% were Norwegian, 6.7% were English, and 2.5% were American.

Of the 1,025 households, 19.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.3% were non-families, and 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.66. The median age was 50.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,923 and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $31,953 versus $27,941 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,255. About 12.5% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 27.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated community

Townships

The county is divided into five townships:

  • Carl
  • Hoffman
  • Wachter
  • Wacker
  • Weber

McPherson County, South Dakota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.