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McPherson County, South Dakota facts for kids

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McPherson County
McPherson County Courthouse
McPherson County Courthouse
Map of South Dakota highlighting McPherson County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  South Dakota
Founded 1873 (created)
1884 (organized)
Named for James B. McPherson
Seat Leola
Largest city Eureka
Area
 • Total 1,152 sq mi (2,980 km2)
 • Land 1,137 sq mi (2,940 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (40 km2)  1.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 2,411
 • Estimate 
(2021)
2,420 Increase
 • Density 2.0929/sq mi (0.8081/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district At-large

McPherson County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,411. Its county seat is Leola.

History

The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1884. It is named after American Civil War General James B. McPherson.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,152 square miles (2,980 km2), of which 1,137 square miles (2,940 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.3%) is water.

The Samuel H. Ordway, Jr., Memorial Prairie is a 7,800-acre (3,200 ha) grassland owned by The Nature Conservancy. It lies on the south side of South Dakota Highway 10 about 10 miles (16 km) west of Leola, and is home to a bison herd.

Major highways

  • SD 10.svg South Dakota Highway 10
  • SD 45.svg South Dakota Highway 45
  • SD 47.svg South Dakota Highway 47
  • SD 247.svg South Dakota Highway 247
  • SD 239.svg South Dakota Highway 239

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 5,940
1900 6,327 6.5%
1910 6,791 7.3%
1920 7,705 13.5%
1930 8,774 13.9%
1940 8,353 −4.8%
1950 7,071 −15.3%
1960 5,821 −17.7%
1970 5,022 −13.7%
1980 4,027 −19.8%
1990 3,228 −19.8%
2000 2,904 −10.0%
2010 2,459 −15.3%
2020 2,411 −2.0%
2021 (est.) 2,420 −1.6%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,459 people, 1,025 households, and 632 families in the county. The population density was 2.2 inhabitants per square mile (0.85/km2). There were 1,418 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile (0.46/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 74.5% were German, 17.7% were Russian, 7.3% were Norwegian, 6.7% were English, and 2.5% were American.

Of the 1,025 households, 19.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.3% were non-families, and 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.66. The median age was 50.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,923 and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $31,953 versus $27,941 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,255. About 12.5% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 27.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated community

Townships

The county is divided into five townships:

  • Carl
  • Hoffman
  • Wachter
  • Wacker
  • Weber
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