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Medina, Ohio
The historic courthouse in downtown Medina
The historic courthouse in downtown Medina
Motto(s): 
"Preserving the Past. Forging the Future."
Location in Greater Cleveland
Location in Greater Cleveland
Medina, Ohio is located in Ohio
Medina, Ohio
Medina, Ohio
Location in Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
County Medina
Founded November 30, 1818; 204 years ago (1818-11-30)
Incorporated January 31, 1835; 188 years ago (1835-01-31) (village)
Incorporated May 6, 1952; 71 years ago (1952-05-06) (city)
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
Area
 • Total 12 sq mi (31.08 km2)
 • Land 11.8 sq mi (30.56 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.52 km2)
Elevation
1,092 ft (333 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 26,094
 • Density 2,174.50/sq mi (839.58/km2)
Demonym(s) Medinian, Medinanite
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
44256, 44258
Area code(s) 234, 330
FIPS code 39-48790
GNIS feature ID 1061504
Website http://www.medinaoh.org

Medina ( mih-DY-nə) is a city in Medina County, Ohio about 33 mi (53 km) south of Cleveland and 23 mi (37 km) west of Akron. The population was 26,094 at the 2020 Census. It is the county seat of Medina County.

Geography

Medina is located at 41°8′9″N 81°51′51″W / 41.13583°N 81.86417°W / 41.13583; -81.86417 (41.135899, -81.864069).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12 square miles (31.08 km2), of which 11.8 square miles (30.56 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 655
1850 1,009 54.0%
1860 1,234 22.3%
1870 1,159 −6.1%
1880 1,484 28.0%
1890 2,073 39.7%
1900 2,232 7.7%
1910 2,734 22.5%
1920 3,430 25.5%
1930 4,071 18.7%
1940 4,359 7.1%
1950 5,093 16.8%
1960 8,235 61.7%
1970 10,913 32.5%
1980 15,307 40.3%
1990 19,231 25.6%
2000 25,139 30.7%
2010 26,678 6.1%
2020 26,094 −2.2%
Sources:

2020 census

As of the recent census of 2020, there were 26,094 people, 10,755 households, and 7,531 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,174.50 people per square mile (839.575 people per square km). There were 11,333 housing units at an average density of 944.42 per square mile (364.64/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.3% White, 3.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 1.3% from other races, and 5.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population.

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 26,678 people, 10,382 households, and 6,991 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,260.85 people per square mile (872.973 people per square km). There were 11,152 housing units at an average density of 929.33 per square mile (358.82/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 3.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 10,382 households, of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.7% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.13.

The median age in the city was 36.4. 28.3% of residents were under 18; 7.3% were between 18 and 24; 27.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.7% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

Of the city's population over age 25, 34.4% held a bachelor's degree or higher.

History

Medina County Courthouse
The historic courthouse in downtown Medina

Medina was founded in 1818 as part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. It was originally named Mecca, but an unincorporated community in Ohio already had that name, so the name was changed. Both Mecca and Medina are cities in Saudi Arabia and particularly significant to Islam.

Most early residents were farmers. In the 1830s, growth of the community was aided by the completion of the Ohio and Erie Canal, which helped transport agricultural products to markets. In 1835, Medina was incorporated as a village and as the county seat of Medina County, Ohio. By 1855, the town's quarries were producing over $200,000 worth of stone per year. In 1857, many of the canal workers started a strike for higher wages; the striking workers were fired, and the four workers who started it were jailed in Albion, Ohio.

In 1869, Amos Root founded the A.I. Root Company in Medina as a manufacturer of beehives and beekeeping equipment, and the town became a center for beehive manufacturing. The Root company had 97 workers in 1886, making it the town’s largest employer.

In the mid-1800s, two disastrous fires hit the village. The fire of 1848 destroyed the entire business district. In 1870, another large fire, which started at a wooden building with a barber shop, consumed all but two blocks of the business district, and nearly wiped out the entire town. The fire was particularly fierce because all the town's buildings were made of wood. With no facilities for extinguishing fires, the residents attempted to put out the fire using a bucket brigade, but to no avail, as the fire burned for four hours. None of the town's 1,159 residents perished from the fire. It took almost ten years to rebuild this area which would become known as Public Square. It is now considered a historic district that includes nine blocks of stores and draws many visitors for its various festivals and private and public events.

In 1952, Medina had over 5,000 residents, and on May 6, 1952 it was chartered as a city.

Transportation

Medina is served by the Medina Municipal Airport, which is 4.6 miles (7.41 km) east of the city. US-42 traverses the city. State routes include OH-3, OH-18 and OH-57. Medina is also served by the Medina Transit Authority, which runs buses around Medina and Medina County.

Rail service reached Medina in the 1800s, and at one time it was served by three rail lines, the Baltimore & Ohio, the Akron, Canton & Youngstown, and the Cleveland Southwestern interurban. Today the Wheeling & Lake Erie Railroad maintains numerous sidings and spurs serving many industries, mostly on the city's west side. Many other rights of way have been converted to hiking and biking trails.

Economy

Due to Medina's location, about 33 miles (53 km) south of Cleveland and 23 miles (37 km) west of Akron, many of its residents work in the Cleveland and Akron areas. Medina's median household income is $53,586, slightly above the Ohio median income.

RPM International is among the companies based in Medina.

Education

The Medina City School District serves the city. It has one high school, two middle schools, one alternative school (for students with behavioral problems), one preschool (for children aged 3–5 with disabilities) and seven elementary schools. The newest elementary schools are Eliza Northrop and Ralph E. Waite elementary schools, both opened for the 2009–10 school year. The schools in the Medina City School District are:

  • A.I. Root Middle School
  • Claggett Middle School
  • Eliza Northrop Elementary School
  • Ella Canavan Elementary School
  • Evolve Academy (alternative school for students with behavioral problems)
  • Garfield Elementary School
  • H.G. Blake Elementary School
  • Helping Hands Preschool (preschool for children aged 3–5 with disabilities)
  • Heritage Elementary School
  • Medina High School
  • Ralph E. Waite Elementary School
  • Sidney Fenn Elementary School

The Medina County Career Center serves most of Medina County (except Wadsworth) to provide career education for 11th and 12th graders. It also offers adult and continuing education for adults. Other schools in Medina include St. Francis Xavier School, a Roman Catholic parochial school serving pre-kindergarten through 8th grade, and Medina Christian Academy, a non-denominational Protestant parochial school serving pre-K through 12th grade. The Medina County University Center is a quarter-mile south of the city and offers employers a well-trained workforce with opportunity for ongoing career development. Medina also is home to the Walton School of Auctioneering.

The Medina County District Library Main Library is in Medina.

Notable people

  • Matt Amodio, game show contestant known for winning over $1,500,000 on Jeopardy!
  • William G. Batchelder, former judge and former Speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives
  • Ryan Dunn, actor, stuntman (Jackass)
  • Scott Fahlman, computer scientist and credited creator of the emoticon
  • Wayne Gift, American Football player
  • Kyle Juszczyk, NFL fullback for the San Francisco 49ers
  • Daryl Morey, basketball executive
  • Matthew Patrick, founder and host of the YouTube channel GameTheory
  • Greg Paulus, basketball player for Duke University, football quarterback for Syracuse University
  • Bobby Rahal, auto racing team owner and former driver.
  • Amos Root, noted for innovations in beekeeping
  • Jon Teske, professional basketball player
  • Donna VanLiere, author of the Christmas Shoes series of books and other publications
  • Ricky Wysocki, professional disc golfer and two-time PDGA World Champion

See also

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