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Nelson County, North Dakota facts for kids

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Nelson County
Water Tower behind Lakota City Hall.
Water Tower behind Lakota City Hall.
Map of North Dakota highlighting Nelson County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  North Dakota
Founded March 2, 1883 (created)
June 9, 1883 (organized)
Seat Lakota
Largest city Lakota
Area
 • Total 1,009 sq mi (2,610 km2)
 • Land 982 sq mi (2,540 km2)
 • Water 27 sq mi (70 km2)  2.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 3,015
 • Density 2.9881/sq mi (1.1537/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district At-large

Nelson County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 3,015. Its county seat is Lakota.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,009 square miles (2,610 km2), of which 982 square miles (2,540 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (2.7%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • North Dakota 1.svg North Dakota Highway 1
  • North Dakota 15.svg North Dakota Highway 15
  • North Dakota 32.svg North Dakota Highway 32
  • North Dakota 35.svg Nelson County Road 35

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Johnson Lake National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Lambs Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Rose Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Stump Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 4,293
1900 7,316 70.4%
1910 10,140 38.6%
1920 10,362 2.2%
1930 10,203 −1.5%
1940 9,129 −10.5%
1950 8,090 −11.4%
1960 7,034 −13.1%
1970 5,776 −17.9%
1980 5,233 −9.4%
1990 4,410 −15.7%
2000 3,715 −15.8%
2010 3,126 −15.9%
2020 3,015 −3.6%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,126 people, 1,474 households, and 905 families in the county. The population density was 3.18/sqmi (1.23/km2). There were 1,927 housing units at an average density of 1.96/sqmi (0.76/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 1.0% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.0% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 52.3% were Norwegian, 34.1% were German, 8.2% were Irish, and 3.9% were American.

Of the 1,474 households, 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.6% were non-families, and 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.66. The median age was 51.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,071 and the median income for a family was $51,731. Males had a median income of $33,629 versus $28,672 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,838. About 4.0% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Townships

  • Adler
  • Bergen
  • Central
  • Clara
  • Dahlen
  • Dayton
  • Dodds
  • Enterprise
  • Field
  • Forde
  • Hamlin
  • Illinois
  • Lakota
  • Lee
  • Leval
  • Melvin
  • Michigan
  • Nash
  • Nesheim
  • Ora
  • Osago
  • Petersburg
  • Rubin
  • Rugh
  • Sarnia
  • Wamduska
  • Williams

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

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