Northfield, Vermont facts for kids

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Northfield, Vermont
Town
Depot Square, Downtown Northfield
Depot Square, Downtown Northfield
Motto: "Where the Good Life Begins"
Location in Washington County and the state of Vermont
Location in Washington County and the state of Vermont
Country United States
State Vermont
County Washington
Chartered 1781
Incorporated 1855
Area
 • Total 43.6 sq mi (113.0 km2)
 • Land 43.5 sq mi (112.7 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 735 ft (441 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,207
 • Density 142.27/sq mi (54.929/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05663
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-50275
GNIS feature ID 1462163
Website www.northfield-vt.gov

Northfield is a town in Washington County, Vermont, in the United States. It lies in a valley within the Green Mountains, and has been the home of Norwich University since 1866. The town contains the village of Northfield, where over half of its population lives. The total population of the town was 6,207 at the 2010 census.

History

Northfield was chartered in 1781, and incorporated in 1855. The community was named after Northfield, Massachusetts.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.6 square miles (113.0 km2), of which 43.5 square miles (112.7 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.29%, is water.

The geographic center of Vermont is located within the town, with markers on the university campus of the geographical and magnetic centers.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 204
1810 426 108.8%
1820 690 62.0%
1830 1,412 104.6%
1840 2,013 42.6%
1850 2,922 45.2%
1860 4,329 48.2%
1870 3,410 −21.2%
1880 2,836 −16.8%
1890 2,628 −7.3%
1900 2,855 8.6%
1910 3,226 13.0%
1920 3,096 −4.0%
1930 3,438 11.0%
1940 3,601 4.7%
1950 4,314 19.8%
1960 4,511 4.6%
1970 4,870 8.0%
1980 5,435 11.6%
1990 5,610 3.2%
2000 5,791 3.2%
2010 6,207 7.2%
Est. 2014 6,114 −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,791 people, 1,819 households, and 1,224 families residing in the town. The population density was 132.5 people per square mile (51.2/km2). There were 1,958 housing units at an average density of 44.8 per square mile (17.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.41% White, 1.02% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.33% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.21% of the population.

There were 1,819 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town, the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 27.2% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 122.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,523, and the median income for a family was $51,818. Males had a median income of $32,168 versus $24,781 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,592. About 3.2% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.


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