Nuevo Laredo facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Nuevo Laredo
Monumento Fundadores(Founders' Monument)
Monumento Fundadores
(Founders' Monument)
Coat of arms of Nuevo Laredo
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Chuparrosa (Hummingbird)
Puerta a México (Door to Mexico)
Motto: Siempre con la Patria (Always with the Motherland)
Location Nuevo Laredo within Tamaulipas
Location Nuevo Laredo within Tamaulipas
Location of Tamaulipas within Mexico
Location of Tamaulipas within Mexico
Country  Mexico
State Template:Country data Tamaulipas
Municipality Nuevo Laredo Coat of Arms.png Nuevo Laredo Municipality
Settled 1755
Established 1848
Area
 • City 1,334.02 km2 (515.07 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • City 373,725
 • Metro 636,516
  metro area includes Laredo, Texas, Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Colombia, Nuevo León, & Villa Hidalgo, Coahuila
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CST (UTC-5)
Codigo Postal 88000
Area code(s) 867
Website Municipio de Nuevo Laredo
Airport: Quetzalcoatl International Airport MMNL

Nuevo Laredo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈnweβo laˈɾeðo]) is a city located in the Municipality of Nuevo Laredo in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. The city lies on the banks of the Rio Grande, across from the U.S. city of Laredo, Texas. The 2010 census population of the city was 373,725. Nuevo Laredo is part of the Laredo-Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Area with a total population of 636,516. The municipality has an area of 1,334.02 km² (515.07 sq mi). Both the city and the municipality rank as the third largest in the state.

The city is connected to Laredo, Texas by three international bridges and a rail bridge. The city is larger and younger than its U.S. counterpart. It is the largest inland port in Mexico, just as its counterpart across the border is the busiest inland port (bridge crossing) in the United States. As an indication of its economic importance, one of Mexico's banderas monumentales is located in the city (these flags have been established in state capitals and cities of significance).

History

Nuevo Laredo was part of the territory of the original settlement of Laredo (now in Texas) which was founded in 1755 by the Spaniard Don Tomás Sánchez in the northern part of the Rio Grande. The settlement's territory was granted to José de Escandón by the King of Spain, and the settlement's territory and population remained unified for ninety years, until the war of 1846-48, the Mexican–American War.

Early in 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo divided the territory attached to Laredo between the United States (specifically, Texas) and Mexico. Nuevo Laredo was founded on May 15, 1848, by seventeen Laredo families who wished to remain Mexican and therefore moved to the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. They identified with Mexico, its history, and its cultural customs, and decided to keep their Mexican citizenship. The founders of Nuevo Laredo even took with them the bones of their ancestors so they would continue to rest in Mexican ground.

Drug-related violence

As a border town, Nuevo Laredo is known for its turf war in which drug cartels compete for control of the drug trade into the United States. Nuevo Laredo is a lucrative drug corridor because of the large volume of trucks that pass through the area, and the multiple exploitable ports of entry.

Nuevo Laredo is the base of Los Zetas, originally the armed wing of the Gulf Cartel; the two organizations separated in early 2010 and have been fighting for the control of the smuggling routes to the United States. As of 2012, Los Zetas are thought to be Mexico's largest criminal organization. Drug violence involving the Sinaloa and Gulf Cartels escalated in 2003, when the city was controlled by the Gulf Cartel. 2012 has seen an unprecedented series of mass murder attacks in the city between the Sinaloa Cartel and Gulf Cartel on one side and Los Zetas on the other.

Geography

Nuevo Laredo is located in the northern tip of Tamaulipas on the west end of the Rio Grande Plains. Rio Grande is the only source that supplies its citizens with water. El Coyote Creek supplies Nuevo Laredo's only natural lake El Laguito (The Small Lake). The area consists of a few hills and flat land covered with grass, oak, and mesquite.

Climate

Nuevo Laredo features a semi-arid climate. Nuevo Laredo's weather is influenced by its proximity to the Chihuahuan Desert to the west, by the Sierra Madre Oriental mountains to the south and west, and by the Gulf of Mexico to the east. Much of the moisture from the Pacific is blocked by the Sierra Madre Oriental. Therefore, most of the moisture derives from the Gulf of Mexico. Its geographic location causes Nuevo Laredo's weather to range from long periods of heat to sudden violent storms in a short period of time. Nuevo Laredo is cold for Tamaulipas standards during winter, the average daytime highs are around 66 °F (19 C) and overnight lows around 43 °F (6 C); although it is rare for snow to fall in Nuevo Laredo, there was actually snow on the ground for a few hours on the morning of Christmas Day 2004.

Nuevo Laredo experiences an average high temperature of about 99 °F (37 C), and an average low of about 75 °F (24 C) during summer, and 20 inches (510 mm) of rain per year. As Laredo sometimes undergoes drought, a water conservation ordinance was implemented in 2003.

Climate data for Nuevo Laredo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.5
(101.3)
36.0
(96.8)
40.0
(104)
44.0
(111.2)
42.0
(107.6)
49.0
(120.2)
43.3
(109.9)
42.0
(107.6)
42.2
(108)
39.0
(102.2)
34.0
(93.2)
32.0
(89.6)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
21.1
(70)
26.4
(79.5)
30.5
(86.9)
32.8
(91)
35.6
(96.1)
36.8
(98.2)
36.7
(98.1)
33.3
(91.9)
28.8
(83.8)
23.5
(74.3)
19.0
(66.2)
28.5
(83.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
14.9
(58.8)
19.9
(67.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.1
(80.8)
29.9
(85.8)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
28.2
(82.8)
23.6
(74.5)
18.2
(64.8)
13.7
(56.7)
22.8
(73)
Average low °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.8
(47.8)
13.5
(56.3)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
24.2
(75.6)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
23.1
(73.6)
18.3
(64.9)
12.9
(55.2)
8.3
(46.9)
17.1
(62.8)
Record low °C (°F) -7.9
(17.8)
-6.5
(20.3)
-2.0
(28.4)
2.5
(36.5)
10.0
(50)
16.5
(61.7)
15.0
(59)
18.5
(65.3)
11.3
(52.3)
5.0
(41)
-1.0
(30.2)
-10.0
(14)
-10.0
(14)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.1
(0.791)
27.2
(1.071)
16.1
(0.634)
46.9
(1.846)
69.8
(2.748)
67.6
(2.661)
33.0
(1.299)
55.0
(2.165)
78.4
(3.087)
69.4
(2.732)
25.5
(1.004)
18.9
(0.744)
527.9
(20.783)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.7 4.2 2.5 3.3 4.5 3.7 3.0 3.6 5.5 3.6 3.1 3.7 45.4
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional

Transportation

Air

Nuevo Laredo is served by the Quetzalcóatl International Airport with daily flights to Mexico City. The neighboring Laredo International Airport in Laredo, Texas has daily flights to Houston (George Bush Intercontinental Airport) and to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport and Tri-weekly flights to Las Vegas, Nevada and bi-weekly seasonal (May–August) flights to Orlando, Florida.

Mass transit

Transporte Urbano de Nuevo Laredo (TUNL) is the mass transit system that operates in Nuevo Laredo with fixed routes with millions of passengers per year. TUNL works with a fleet of fixed-route buses. TUNL hub is located in downtown Nuevo Laredo.

  • Ruta 1 Guerrero
  • Ruta 2 20 De Noviembre – Campanario
  • Ruta 2 20 De Noviembre – Valles De Anáhuac
  • Ruta 3 5 Colonias Azul
  • Ruta 3a 5 Colonias Verde
  • Ruta 4 Colonia Las Torres – Panteón – Puente
  • Ruta 5 Victoria – Viveros – Verde
  • Ruta 5a Victoria – Viveros – Azul
  • Ruta 6 Rivereña – Buenavista – Centro
  • Ruta 7 Mina – Constitucional
  • Ruta 7a Olivos X Arteaga - Cortes Villada – Mina – Constituciónal
  • Ruta 8 Mirador – Panteón
  • Ruta 8 Mirador – Reforma
  • Ruta 10 Kilometro 15 – Colonia Primavera – Kilometro 18
  • Ruta 11 Carretera – Colonia Burócrata – Centro
  • Ruta 12 Laredo Tx – Benito Juárez
  • Ruta 12 Laredo Tx – Issste
  • Ruta 13 Valles De Anáhuac – Conalep
  • Ruta 13 Valles De San Miguel – Valles De Anáhuac
  • Ruta 13a Campanario – Conalep
  • Ruta 15 Cavazos Lerma
  • Ruta 17 Granjas – Fracc. Itavu – Km 13 – Km 18 – Centro
  • Ruta 17a Granjas – Fracc. Itavu – Km 13 – Km 18 – Centro
  • Ruta 17b Km 13 – Santa Cecilia
  • Ruta 19 Unión Del Recuerdo
  • Ruta 19a Colonia Los Artistas – Naciones Unidas – Centro
  • Ruta 20 Cortes Villada – La Sandia – Joya – Centro
  • Ruta 21 Rivereña – Virreyes
  • Ruta 22 Las Torres – Panteón – Bolívar – Centro
  • Ruta 22a Las Torres – Panteón – Bolívar – Centro
  • Ruta 23 Mina - Voluntad y Trabajo 2 y 3
  • Ruta 24 Voluntad - Nueva Era-Buenos Aires por Independencia
  • Ruta 24a Voluntad – Nueva Era – Buenos Aires Por Independencia
  • Ruta 28 Las Alazanas
  • Ruta 29 Reservas Territoriales – Colonia Hipódromo – Centro
  • Ruta 30 Reservas Territoriales – Colonia Buenos Aires – Centro
  • Ruta 31 Reservas Territoriales – Conalep
  • Ruta 32 Colonia Insurgentes – Conalep – 150 Aniversario
  • Ruta 35 Kilometro 10 – Panteón – Colinas Del Sur
  • Ruta 35a Kilometro 10 – Panteón – Colinas Del Sur
  • Ruta 36 Fraccionamiento América – Nogal – La Concordia – Centro
  • Ruta 36a Fraccionamiento América – Nogal por Coca Cola

International bridges

  • Gateway to the Americas International Bridge
  • Juárez-Lincoln International Bridge
  • World Trade International Bridge (commercial traffic only)
  • Texas-Mexican Railway International Bridge

Major highways

Major highways in Nuevo Laredo and their starting and ending points:

  • Mexico Federal Highway 85.png Mexican Federal Highway 85 Nuevo Laredo-Mexico City
  • Mexico Federal Highway 2.png Mexican Federal Highway 2 Matamoros-Nuevo Laredo-Colombia-Ciudad Acuña
  • Nuevo Leon State Highway 1.PNG Tamaulipas State Highway 1 Nuevo Laredo-Monterrey
  • Nuevo Leon State Highway 1.PNG Nuevo León State Highway Spur 1 Colombia-Anáhuac

Nearby cities

City Population Distance (km)
Laredo, Texas 236,091 0 mi (0 km)
Monclova, Coahuila 294,191 124 mi (199 km)
Monterrey, Nuevo León 3,664,334 125 mi (201 km)
Reynosa, Tamaulipas 526,888 130 mi (209 km)
Corpus Christi, Texas 409,741 131 mi (211 km)
San Antonio, Texas 1,942,217 154 mi (248 km)
Heroica Matamoros, Tamaulipas 462,157 167 mi (268 km)
Saltillo, Coahuila 648,929 181 mi (291 km)

People and culture

Parks and zoos

Parque Viveros (en:Viveros Park) is a 124-acre (0.50 km2) forest park that overlooks the Rio Grande on the eastern side of Nuevo Laredo. The park features a zoo, two large swimming pools, walking trails, picnic areas with barbecue pits and playgrounds.

Theaters

Nuevo Laredo has three main theaters the "Centro Cultural", "Teatro de la Ciudad", and "Casa de Cultura". The Centro Cultural (en:Cultural Center), is Nuevo Laredo's main theater with a sitting capacity of 1,200 guests. The theater has presented high level shows high level, plays, concerts and dance recitals. The theater has a museum, library, and a cafeteria. The Teatro de la Ciudad (en:City Theater) is a theater which presents plays, dance recitals, concerts and musical shows and special events. The Casa de Cultura (en:House of Culture) houses music, painting, dance and literature workshops and also presents major artistic and cultural events such as art exhibitions, concerts, film samples, dance recitals and plays, among others.

Sports

Baseball

Ciudad Deportiva Entrance
Ciudad Deportiva Baseball Park

The Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo (Owls of Nuevo Laredo) formally known as the Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (Owls of the Two Laredos) were a Mexican Baseball League team that played in the Zona Norte (Northern Division) of the Mexican League until 2010. The Ciudad Deportiva was their home Baseball park which had a capacity of 12,000 fans. The Tecolotes returned to Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas for the 2008 season after a 4 years absence in the city when the team was transferred to Tijuana and renamed Potros de Tijuana (Tijuana Colts). The Rieleros from Aguascalientes were transferred to Nuevo Laredo as the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo. The Tecolotes were the Mexican League Champions in 1953, 1954, 1958, 1977, and 1989 and were subchampions in 1945, 1955, 1959, 1985, 1987, 1992, 1993.

Parque la Junta (La Junta Park) is baseball field built in 1947 in Nuevo Laredo. The ball park has a capacity of 6,000 people. The stadium was the home to the five-time champion Mexican Baseball League team Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (The Owls of the Two Laredos) from 1947 to 2003.

Football

The Bravos de Nuevo Laredo is a football club in the Mexican Football League Second Division in Nuevo Laredo. The Unidad Deportiva Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez Sport Complex) is their home stadium. The Bravos are an institution formed in 2004 by a groups of business people in Nuevo Laredo, whose objective is to organize a football team in the city with aspirations it will become a professional football club. This has been the first team to have all of their games transmitted live via internet through www.arcanasa.com up to the end of the 2010 tournament.

The Ciudad Deportiva (Sports City) is a sports complex built in 2007 which main feature is a baseball park in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. It is home to the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo Mexican Baseball League team. The Ciudad Deportiva can seat up to 12,000 fans at a baseball game. Phase one of this project has been completed which only included the Baseball Park. Phase II of this project will include a new soccer stadium within Mexican Primera Division standards for a possible expansion of one of its teams to Nuevo Laredo. Phase II also includes a gym that will seat 1,500 fans to enjoy basketball, volleyball, and gymnastics among other sports.

Basketball

The Toros de Nuevo Laredo is a basketball team in Nuevo Laredo, playing in the Mexican professional league Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional (LNBP). The Toros de Nuevo Laredo play in the Ciudad Deportiva Indoor Stadium. They entered the league in 2009 to join the North Conference. Prior to the Toros de Nuevo Laredo, Nuevo Laredo had the Venados de Nuevo Laredo which played on the LNBP for the 2007–2008 season.

Gallery

Images for kids


Nuevo Laredo Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.