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Nuevo Laredo
Monumento Fundadores(Founders' Monument)
Monumento Fundadores
(Founders' Monument)
Coat of arms of Nuevo Laredo
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Chuparrosa (Hummingbird)
Puerta a México (Door to Mexico)
Motto(s): 
Siempre con la Patria (Always with the Motherland)
Nuevo Laredo is located in Tamaulipas
Nuevo Laredo
Nuevo Laredo
Location in Tamaulipas
Nuevo Laredo is located in Mexico
Nuevo Laredo
Nuevo Laredo
Location in Mexico
Nuevo Laredo is located in North America
Nuevo Laredo
Nuevo Laredo
Location in North America
Country  Mexico
State  Tamaulipas
Municipality Nuevo Laredo Coat of Arms.png Nuevo Laredo Municipality
Settled 1755
Established 1848
Founded by Tomás Sánchez
Area
 • City 1,334.02 km2 (515.07 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • City 373,725
 • Metro
636,516
  metro area includes Laredo, Texas, Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Colombia, Nuevo León, & Villa Hidalgo, Coahuila
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Codigo Postal
Area code(s) 867
Federal Routes Carretera federal 2.svg Carretera federal 85.svg
Website Municipio de Nuevo Laredo
Airport: Quetzalcoatl International Airport MMNL


Nuevo Laredo is a city in the Municipality of Nuevo Laredo in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. The city lies on the banks of the Rio Grande, across from Laredo, United States. The 2010 census population of the city was 373,725. Nuevo Laredo is part of the Laredo-Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Area with a population of 636,516. The municipality has an area of 1,334.02 km2 (515.07 sq mi). Both the city and the municipality rank as the third largest in the state.

The city is connected to Laredo, United States by three international bridges and a rail bridge. The city is larger and younger than its US counterpart. As an indication of its economic importance, one of Mexico's banderas monumentales is in the city (these banderas have been established in state capitals and cities of significance).

History

Nuevo Laredo was part of the territory of the original settlement of Laredo (now in Texas) which was founded in 1755 by the Spaniard Don Tomás Sánchez in the northern part of the Rio Grande. The settlement's territory was granted to José de Escandón by the King of Spain, and the settlement's territory and population remained unified for ninety years, until the war of 1846-48, the Mexican–American War.

Early in 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo divided the territory attached to Laredo between the United States (specifically, Texas) and Mexico. Nuevo Laredo was founded on May 15, 1848, by seventeen Laredo families who wished to remain Mexican and therefore moved to the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. They identified with Mexico, its history, and its cultural customs, and decided to keep their Mexican citizenship. The founders of Nuevo Laredo even took with them the bones of their ancestors so they would continue to rest in Mexican ground.

Geography

Nuevo Laredo is located in the northern tip of Tamaulipas on the west end of the Rio Grande Plains. Rio Grande is the only source that supplies its citizens with water. El Coyote Creek supplies Nuevo Laredo's only natural lake El Laguito (The Small Lake). The area consists of a few hills and flat land covered with grass, oak, and mesquite.

Climate

Nuevo Laredo features a semi-arid climate. Nuevo Laredo's weather is influenced by its proximity to the Chihuahuan Desert to the west, by the Sierra Madre Oriental mountains to the south and west, and by the Gulf of Mexico to the east. Much of the moisture from the Pacific is blocked by the Sierra Madre Oriental. Therefore, most of the moisture derives from the Gulf of Mexico. Its geographic location causes Nuevo Laredo's weather to range from long periods of heat to sudden violent storms in a short period of time. Nuevo Laredo is cold for Tamaulipas standards during winter, the average daytime highs are around 66 °F (19 C) and overnight lows around 43 °F (6 C); although it is rare for snow to fall in Nuevo Laredo, there was actually snow on the ground for a few hours on the morning of Christmas Day 2004.

Nuevo Laredo experiences an average high temperature of about 99 °F (37 C), and an average low of about 75 °F (24 C) during summer, and 20 inches (510 mm) of rain per year. As Laredo sometimes undergoes drought, a water conservation ordinance was implemented in 2003.

Climate data for Nuevo Laredo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.5
(101.3)
36.0
(96.8)
40.0
(104)
44.0
(111.2)
42.0
(107.6)
49.0
(120.2)
43.3
(109.9)
42.0
(107.6)
42.2
(108)
39.0
(102.2)
34.0
(93.2)
32.0
(89.6)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
21.1
(70)
26.4
(79.5)
30.5
(86.9)
32.8
(91)
35.6
(96.1)
36.8
(98.2)
36.7
(98.1)
33.3
(91.9)
28.8
(83.8)
23.5
(74.3)
19.0
(66.2)
28.5
(83.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
14.9
(58.8)
19.9
(67.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.1
(80.8)
29.9
(85.8)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
28.2
(82.8)
23.6
(74.5)
18.2
(64.8)
13.7
(56.7)
22.8
(73)
Average low °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.8
(47.8)
13.5
(56.3)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
24.2
(75.6)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
23.1
(73.6)
18.3
(64.9)
12.9
(55.2)
8.3
(46.9)
17.1
(62.8)
Record low °C (°F) -7.9
(17.8)
-6.5
(20.3)
-2.0
(28.4)
2.5
(36.5)
10.0
(50)
16.5
(61.7)
15.0
(59)
18.5
(65.3)
11.3
(52.3)
5.0
(41)
-1.0
(30.2)
-10.0
(14)
-10.0
(14)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.1
(0.791)
27.2
(1.071)
16.1
(0.634)
46.9
(1.846)
69.8
(2.748)
67.6
(2.661)
33.0
(1.299)
55.0
(2.165)
78.4
(3.087)
69.4
(2.732)
25.5
(1.004)
18.9
(0.744)
527.9
(20.783)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.7 4.2 2.5 3.3 4.5 3.7 3.0 3.6 5.5 3.6 3.1 3.7 45.4
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional

Transportation

Air

Nuevo Laredo is served by the Quetzalcóatl International Airport with daily flights to Mexico City. The neighboring Laredo International Airport in Laredo, Texas has daily flights to Houston (George Bush Intercontinental Airport) and to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport and Tri-weekly flights to Las Vegas, Nevada and bi-weekly seasonal (May–August) flights to Orlando, Florida.

Mass transit

Transporte Urbano de Nuevo Laredo (TUNL) is the mass transit system that operates in Nuevo Laredo with fixed routes with millions of passengers per year. TUNL works with a fleet of fixed-route buses. TUNL hub is located in downtown Nuevo Laredo.

  • Ruta 1 Guerrero
  • Ruta 2 20 De Noviembre – Campanario
  • Ruta 2 20 De Noviembre – Valles De Anáhuac
  • Ruta 3 5 Colonias Azul
  • Ruta 3a 5 Colonias Verde
  • Ruta 4 Colonia Las Torres – Panteón – Puente
  • Ruta 5 Victoria – Viveros – Verde
  • Ruta 5a Victoria – Viveros – Azul
  • Ruta 6 Rivereña – Buenavista – Centro
  • Ruta 7 Mina – Constitucional
  • Ruta 7a Olivos X Arteaga - Cortes Villada – Mina – Constituciónal
  • Ruta 8 Mirador – Panteón
  • Ruta 8 Mirador – Reforma
  • Ruta 10 Kilometro 15 – Colonia Primavera – Kilometro 18
  • Ruta 11 Carretera – Colonia Burócrata – Centro
  • Ruta 12 Laredo Tx – Benito Juárez
  • Ruta 12 Laredo Tx – Issste
  • Ruta 13 Valles De Anáhuac – Conalep
  • Ruta 13 Valles De San Miguel – Valles De Anáhuac
  • Ruta 13a Campanario – Conalep
  • Ruta 15 Cavazos Lerma
  • Ruta 17 Granjas – Fracc. Itavu – Km 13 – Km 18 – Centro
  • Ruta 17a Granjas – Fracc. Itavu – Km 13 – Km 18 – Centro
  • Ruta 17b Km 13 – Santa Cecilia
  • Ruta 19 Unión Del Recuerdo
  • Ruta 19a Colonia Los Artistas – Naciones Unidas – Centro
  • Ruta 20 Cortes Villada – La Sandia – Joya – Centro
  • Ruta 21 Rivereña – Virreyes
  • Ruta 22 Las Torres – Panteón – Bolívar – Centro
  • Ruta 22a Las Torres – Panteón – Bolívar – Centro
  • Ruta 23 Mina - Voluntad y Trabajo 2 y 3
  • Ruta 24 Voluntad - Nueva Era-Buenos Aires por Independencia
  • Ruta 24a Voluntad – Nueva Era – Buenos Aires Por Independencia
  • Ruta 28 Las Alazanas
  • Ruta 29 Reservas Territoriales – Colonia Hipódromo – Centro
  • Ruta 30 Reservas Territoriales – Colonia Buenos Aires – Centro
  • Ruta 31 Reservas Territoriales – Conalep
  • Ruta 32 Colonia Insurgentes – Conalep – 150 Aniversario
  • Ruta 35 Kilometro 10 – Panteón – Colinas Del Sur
  • Ruta 35a Kilometro 10 – Panteón – Colinas Del Sur
  • Ruta 36 Fraccionamiento América – Nogal – La Concordia – Centro
  • Ruta 36a Fraccionamiento América – Nogal por Coca-Cola

International bridges

  • Gateway to the Americas International Bridge
  • Juárez-Lincoln International Bridge
  • World Trade International Bridge (commercial traffic only)
  • Texas-Mexican Railway International Bridge

Major highways

Major highways in Nuevo Laredo and their starting and ending points:

  • Carretera federal 85.svg Mexican Federal Highway 85 Nuevo Laredo-Mexico City
  • Carretera federal 2.svg Mexican Federal Highway 2 Matamoros-Nuevo Laredo-Colombia-Ciudad Acuña
  • Tamaulipas State Highway 1 Nuevo Laredo-Monterrey
  • Nuevo León State Highway Spur 1 Colombia-Anáhuac

Nearby cities

City Population Distance (km)
Laredo, Texas 236,091 0 mi (0 km)
Monclova, Coahuila 294,191 124 mi (199 km)
Monterrey, Nuevo León 3,664,334 125 mi (201 km)
Reynosa, Tamaulipas 526,888 130 mi (209 km)
Corpus Christi, Texas 409,741 131 mi (211 km)
San Antonio, Texas 1,942,217 154 mi (248 km)
Heroica Matamoros, Tamaulipas 462,157 167 mi (268 km)
Saltillo, Coahuila 648,929 181 mi (291 km)

People and culture

Parks and zoos

Parque Viveros (en:Viveros Park) is a 124-acre (0.50 km2) forest park that overlooks the Rio Grande on the eastern side of Nuevo Laredo. The park features a zoo, two large swimming pools, walking trails, picnic areas with barbecue pits and playgrounds.

Theaters

Nuevo Laredo has three main theaters the "Centro Cultural", "Teatro de la Ciudad", and "Casa de Cultura". The Centro Cultural (en:Cultural Center), is Nuevo Laredo's main theater with a sitting capacity of 1,200 guests. The theater has presented high level shows high level, plays, concerts and dance recitals. The theater has a museum, library, and a cafeteria. The Teatro de la Ciudad (en:City Theater) is a theater which presents plays, dance recitals, concerts and musical shows and special events. The Casa de Cultura (en:House of Culture) houses music, painting, dance and literature workshops and also presents major artistic and cultural events such as art exhibitions, concerts, film samples, dance recitals and plays, among others.

Sports

Baseball

Ciudad Deportiva Entrance
Ciudad Deportiva Baseball Park

The Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo (Owls of Nuevo Laredo) formally known as the Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (Owls of the Two Laredos) were a Mexican Baseball League team that played in the Zona Norte (Northern Division) of the Mexican League until 2010. The Ciudad Deportiva was their home Baseball park which had a capacity of 12,000 fans. The Tecolotes returned to Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas for the 2008 season after a 4 years absence in the city when the team was transferred to Tijuana and renamed Potros de Tijuana (Tijuana Colts). The Rieleros from Aguascalientes were transferred to Nuevo Laredo as the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo. The Tecolotes were the Mexican League Champions in 1953, 1954, 1958, 1977, and 1989 and were subchampions in 1945, 1955, 1959, 1985, 1987, 1992, 1993.

Parque la Junta (La Junta Park) is baseball field built in 1947 in Nuevo Laredo. The ball park has a capacity of 6,000 people. The stadium was the home to the five-time champion Mexican Baseball League team Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (The Owls of the Two Laredos) from 1947 to 2003.

Football

The Bravos de Nuevo Laredo is a football club in the Mexican Football League Second Division in Nuevo Laredo. The Unidad Deportiva Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez Sport Complex) is their home stadium. The Bravos are an institution formed in 2004 by a groups of business people in Nuevo Laredo, whose objective is to organize a football team in the city with aspirations it will become a professional football club. This has been the first team to have all of their games transmitted live via internet through www.arcanasa.com up to the end of the 2010 tournament.

The Ciudad Deportiva (Sports City) is a sports complex built in 2007 which main feature is a baseball park in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. It is home to the Tecolotes de Nuevo Laredo Mexican Baseball League team. The Ciudad Deportiva can seat up to 12,000 fans at a baseball game. Phase one of this project has been completed which only included the Baseball Park. Phase II of this project will include a new soccer stadium within Mexican Primera Division standards for a possible expansion of one of its teams to Nuevo Laredo. Phase II also includes a gym that will seat 1,500 fans to enjoy basketball, volleyball, and gymnastics among other sports.

Basketball

The Toros de Nuevo Laredo is a basketball team in Nuevo Laredo, playing in the Mexican professional league Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional (LNBP). The Toros de Nuevo Laredo play in the Ciudad Deportiva Indoor Stadium. They entered the league in 2009 to join the North Conference. Prior to the Toros de Nuevo Laredo, Nuevo Laredo had the Venados de Nuevo Laredo which played on the LNBP for the 2007–2008 season.

Gallery

Economy

Monumento La Madre Royal Crowne Plaza
The Monument to Mothers in front of the Best Western Plus Nuevo Laredo hotel

Nuevo Laredo (along with Laredo, Texas) is the most important trade border crossing of Latin America (approximately 8500 trucks cross the border each day). Its geographical position has enabled this city to grow and specialize in the international trade business. Nuevo Laredo has a very developed logistics and transportation industry, complemented with a variety of hotel chains, restaurants and a cultural center where events such as the Tamaulipas International Festival take place.

Nuevo Laredo is on the primary trade route connecting Canada, the United States and Mexico. Both Nuevo Laredo and Laredo, Texas are now the gateway to Mexico's burgeoning industrial complex, offering diverse markets, business opportunities and profit potential, which both business and industry cannot find anywhere else. Nuevo Laredo is the only Mexico/U.S. border city strategically positioned at the convergence of all land transportation systems. The main highway and railroad leading from Central Mexico through Mexico City, San Luis Potosí, Saltillo and Monterrey join with two major U.S. rail lines at Nuevo Laredo and major American highway Interstate 35, thus offering fast access to the most important metropolitan areas and seaports of Texas, as well as northern states and Canada. For more than a decade, Mexico's economic policies have greatly increased Mexico/U.S. trade and cross-border production in the Nuevo Laredo area.

There are three bridges in the Nuevo Laredo area: International Bridge #1 (the oldest); International Bridge #2 (also known as Juarez-Lincoln; no pedestrians); International Bridge #3 (also known as the Free Trade or Libre Comercio Bridge; inaugurated in 1999; cargo only). Also the Colombia-Solidarity (Solidaridad) Bridge (located about 20 miles (32 km) NW of the city in Colombia, Nuevo León). There are no urban areas on either side of this bridge.

Nuevo Laredo is a strategic investment point. On this site there are six recognized industrial parks: Oradel Industrial Center, Longoria Industrial Park, Rio Bravo Industrial Park, Modulo Industrial America, FINSA Industrial Park, and Industrial Park Pyme.

Education

The educational infrastructure amounted to 288 school sites which are 71 kindergartens, 148 elementary schools, 34 junior high schools, 14 high schools, 13 vocational schools and 12 universities.

Higher education

There are twelve universities in Nuevo Laredo. Undergraduate studies normally last at least 3 years, divided into semesters or quarters, depending on the college or university.

Every graduate gets a bachelor's degree (Licenciatura or Ingenieria). Some of these universities also offer postgraduate studies. A "maestría" is a 2-year degree after a bachelor's degree, which awards the title of Master (Maestro).

  • Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas (UAT) It has 2 faculties. The faculty of commerce, administration and social sciences offers bachelor's degrees in: International trade, Computing, Business administration, Law, and Accountancy. The faculty of nursing offers bachelor's degrees in: Nursing, Health, safety and environment.
  • Instituto Tecnologico de Nuevo Laredo (ITNL) offers bachelor's degrees in: Architecture, Civil engineering, Electrical engineering, Computer systems engineering, Industrial engineering, Mechanical engineering, Business administration, Accountancy, Electronic engineering, Mechatronics engineering, and Enterprise management engineering.
  • Universidad Valle del Bravo-Valle de Mexico (UVB-UVM) offers bachelor's degrees in: Law, Psychology, Graphic design, International trade, International marketing, Business administration, Tourism, International relations, Communications, Accountancy, Political sciences, Industrial administration engineering, Computer systems engineering, Electronic systems engineering, Civil engineering, Environmental engineering, Mechanical electrician engineering, Security and industrial hygiene engineering, Dentistry.
  • Universidad Tecnologica de Nuevo Laredo (UT) offers bachelor's degrees in: Enterprise development engineering, Global commercial logistics engineering, Industrial maintenance engineering, Mechatronics engineering, Renewable energy engineering. Also offers associate degrees in: Logistic and Autotransport administration, tariff classification and customs clearance, Electronics and automated, Industrial maintenance, Sales and Distribution.
  • Centro de Estudios Superiores Royal (CES-R, Royal University) offers bachelor's degrees in: International trade, Marketing and publicity, Business administration, Computer systems engineering, Organizational psychology, Accountancy.
  • Instituto de Ciencias y Estudios Superiores de Tamaulipas (ICEST) offers bachelor's degrees in: Communications, Nutrition, Criminology, Psychology, Languages, International trade, Dramatic literature and theater, Chemical pharmacist biologist, Nursing, Library science, Tourism, Computer systems engineering, Chemical engineering.
  • Universidad TecMilenio (UTM) offers bachelor's degrees in: Business administration, Intelligence of markets, International trade, Graphic design and animation, Industrial engineering, Logistics systems engineering, Development of software engineering, International businesses engineering.
  • Universidad Del Norte De Tamaulipas (UNT) offers bachelor's degrees in: Political sciences and administration, Administration and marketing, International trade and customs, Computer systems engineering, Accountancy.
  • Universidad Panamericana (UP) offers bachelor's degrees in: Business administration, Accountancy, Law, Junior high education, Kindergarten education, Civic and ethical, Psychology, Surgeon (obstetrician), Surgeon (zootechnician), Industrial engineering, Computer systems engineering.

Nuevo Laredo has three teacher training programs:

  • Normal Básica Cuauhtemoc offers bachelor's degrees in: Elementary education, and Kindergarten education.
  • Normal Superior De Tamaulipas opened its doors in August 2005 and offers bachelor's degrees in: Physical education, and Junior high education. Also offers specialities in Spanish, mathematics, and English instruction.
  • Universidad Pedagógica Nacional (UPN) offers bachelor's degrees in: Education, Educational intervention.
See also: Colegio Bilingue Real

Notable people

  • Norma Elia Cantú - Postmodernist writer and professor of English
  • Mauricio González de la Garza - Journalist, writer and music composer
  • Laredo Kid - Masked Professional Wrestler
  • Arturo Santos Reyes - Boxer
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