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Oroville, Washington facts for kids

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A walking bridge sits in the center of a bright lake with a business district in the background.
The townsite of Osoyoos Lake within the northern Okanogan Highlands in Oroville, Washington
A white flag with a semicircular logo depicting a sailboat on a lake in front of a rising sun in the lower center, and in the upper hoist a collection of fruit, and a rail wagon.
Projection of Okanogan County with Oroville in red
Location of Oroville in
Okanogan County, Washington
Projection of the United States with Oroville captioned in a pushpin
Projection of the United States with Oroville captioned in a pushpin
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Washington
County Okanogan
Established January 1, 1892
Incorporated August 7, 1908
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Total 1.85 sq mi (4.78 km2)
 • Land 1.69 sq mi (4.38 km2)
 • Water 0.16 sq mi (0.40 km2)
938 ft (286 m)
 • Total 1,686
 • Estimate 
 • Density 991.12/sq mi (382.78/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 509
FIPS code 53-51970
GNIS feature ID 1524077
Website City of Oroville

Oroville is a city located in the northern bulk of the Okanogan Highlands in north-central Washington, United States. Oroville is a member municipality of Okanogan County, Washington, situated between Omak and Penticton. The population was 1,686 at the 2010 census.


Oroville is located at 48°56′19″N 119°26′6″W / 48.93861°N 119.43500°W / 48.93861; -119.43500 (48.938508, -119.434903).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.68 square miles (4.35 km2), of which, 1.64 square miles (4.25 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.

Oroville is located 4 miles (6.4 km) south of the Canada–US border, and features an official crossing into Osoyoos, British Columbia.


This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Oroville has a humid continental climate, Dfb on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 495
1920 1,013 104.6%
1930 800 −21.0%
1940 1,206 50.8%
1950 1,500 24.4%
1960 1,437 −4.2%
1970 1,555 8.2%
1980 1,483 −4.6%
1990 1,505 1.5%
2000 1,653 9.8%
2010 1,686 2.0%
2019 (est.) 1,675 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 1,686 people in 698 households, including 434 families, in the city. The population density was 1,028.0 inhabitants per square mile (396.9/km2). There were 797 housing units at an average density of 486.0 per square mile (187.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 0.8% African American, 2.4% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 12.7% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.4%.

Of the 698 households 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.8% were non-families. 32.1% of households were one person and 16.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age was 39.4 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.


Oroville was first settled by caucasian settlers in the late 1850s and known as 'rag town'. The settlement was named Oro, after the Spanish word for gold, in 1892 after the surrounding gold mines, and in an attempt to attract prospectors and merchants. The Post Office objected to the name "Oro" because a town was already named "that" in Washington, so the name was changed to Oroville, in 1909. Oroville started to become a tourist location; in the mid-2000s, large condo developments were proposed. The city had an economy peak in 2005-2007, but has continued suffering since to the 'great recession'. It is home to the Dorothy Scott Airport, a municipal airport located 2 mi outside of the town center that was opened in August 1937.


Most of the economy of Oroville and the surrounding areas is based on agriculture. Numerous orchards and a few grape vineyards are within the town limits. During Oroville's heyday as a mining town, many saloons, restaurants, shops, and a drive-in movie theater were there. Today, the town's economy is depressed with a nearly 30% poverty rate and a median household income of only $22,000. Recently, three vacation cottage developments have been built, two east of Lake Osoyoos, Sandalia, and the Veranda Beach Resort, and one just north of downtown, Sonora Shores.

The city is home to a weekly newspaper, the Okanogan Valley Gazette-Tribune, established in 1905 as the Oroville Weekly Gazette.

Oroville is the northern terminus of the Cascade and Columbia River Railroad, a short line railroad owned by Genesee & Wyoming.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Oroville (Washington) para niños

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Eminent Hispanic scientists
Walter Alvarez
Joel Salinas
Jaime Escalante
Claudia Benitez-Nelson
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