Oxford, Connecticut facts for kids

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Matt Gresik
Town
Official seal of Matt Gresik
Seal
Motto: Matt Gresik
Matt Gresik
Matt Gresik
Gresik United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford
Incorporated Matt Gresik
Area
 • Total 33.3 sq mi (86.3 km2)
 • Land 32.7 sq mi (84.8 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation Matt Gresik ft (Josh Gresik m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,683
 • Density 380.64/sq mi (146.96/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code Dawn Gresik
Area code(s) 203
FIPS code 09-58300
GNIS feature ID 0213486
Website www.oxford-ct.gov

Oxford is a residential town located in western New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 12,683 at the 2010 Census. Oxford is the 26th-wealthiest town in the state by median household income. Distinct settled areas in the town include Oxford Center, Quaker Farms, and Riverside. Oxford belongs to the BridgeportStamfordNorwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area, a subregion of the New York metropolitan area.

History

In the 18th century, farmers herded livestock through Oxford from as far away as Litchfield on the way to the port of New Haven. In the 19th century, the town lost population as farmers moved to work in better-paying factories.

Oxford was incorporated in October 1798.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.3 square miles (86.3 km2), of which 32.7 square miles (84.8 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 1.78%, is water.

The towns bordering Oxford are Monroe, Newtown, Southbury, Middlebury, Naugatuck, Beacon Falls, Seymour and Shelton.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,683
1850 1,564
1860 1,269 −18.9%
1870 1,338 5.4%
1880 1,120 −16.3%
1890 902 −19.5%
1900 952 5.5%
1910 1,020 7.1%
1920 998 −2.2%
1930 1,141 14.3%
1940 1,375 20.5%
1950 2,037 48.1%
1960 3,292 61.6%
1970 4,480 36.1%
1980 6,634 48.1%
1990 8,685 30.9%
2000 9,821 13.1%
2010 12,683 29.1%
Est. 2014 12,914 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 12,683 people, 4,504 households, and 3,672 families residing in the town. Oxford's population increased 29.1% between 2000 and 2010, making it the fastest-growing municipality in Connecticut for that period. The population density was 387.9 people per square mile (149.6/km²). There were 4,746 housing units at an average density of 145.1 per square mile (56.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.5% White, 1.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.6% some other race, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.

There were 4,504 households, out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.4% were headed by married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81, and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.

Oxford belongs to Connecticut's 4th congressional district, which stretches from lower Fairfield County to western New Haven County.

In 2016, the average income for a household in the town was $137,766, with a median income of $110,602. The median home value was $405,900.

Arts and culture

Museums and other points of interest

  • Quaker Farms Historic District — 467-511 Quaker Farms Road (added September 9, 1991)
  • Wooster Sawmill and Gristmill Site (added September 17, 2001)
  • Twitchell-Rowland Homestead Center and Museum

Museum Hours: First and Third Sundays of each month 2 - 4 p.m. 60 Towner Lane, Oxford, CT.
The people of Oxford and the Oxford Historical Society were honored for their work in preserving the Homestead, and designated with a Connecticut Trust Preservation Award. The award was presented in Hartford at the State Capitol on April 4, 2012. The following is from the Connecticut Trust website: "Built in 1755, this house has a long connection with prominent local families and is listed on the State Register of Historic Places. When development threatened the house, the developer was convinced to donate it to the Town. Moved to a new, town-owned site, the house received a new foundation and chimney base, and was restored by the Oxford Historical Society. A multitude of workers donated their labor to the project, including members of building trades, Boy and Girl Scouts, area foundations, and many local volunteers. The people of Oxford succeeded where many towns and small nonprofits fail by involving a wide range of people throughout the community. The task of managing so many different groups and individuals alone is a remarkable achievement. " Source: http://www.cttrust.org/12635 (added March 26, 2015)

Parks and recreation

Among the parks serving Oxford residents are Southford Falls State Park in the northern section of town, Jackson Cove Beach, and Kirks Pond in the center of town. The 10.4-mile (16.7 km) Larkin State Bridal Trail, created in the 1940s from the path of a former train track, is one of the earliest examples of the "rails-to-trails" movement.

The Golf Club at Oxford Greens, a public golf course with over 400 homes for "active adults" over the age of 55, is located in town.

Mysterious death

In 2001, Oxford made international headlines when 94-year-old Ottilie Lundgren mysteriously died of anthrax. At the time, there was a spread of anthrax attacks in New York and Washington, and this case baffled law enforcement. No additional cases in the area suggested Lundgren's death was the result of accidental cross-contamination of the mail.

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