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Monroe, Connecticut
Official seal of Monroe, Connecticut
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
Coordinates: 41°20′10″N 73°13′33″W / 41.33611°N 73.22583°W / 41.33611; -73.22583Coordinates: 41°20′10″N 73°13′33″W / 41.33611°N 73.22583°W / 41.33611; -73.22583
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford
Region Greater Bridgeport
Incorporated 1823
 • Type Selectman-town council
 • Total 26.3 sq mi (68.1 km2)
 • Land 26.1 sq mi (67.7 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
522 ft (159 m)
 • Total 22,787
 • Density 866.4/sq mi (334.61/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 203
FIPS code 09-48620
GNIS feature ID 0213463

Monroe is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 19,479 at the 2010 census.

Like many of its neighbors, Monroe is largely considered a bedroom community of New York City and Bridgeport. Monroe's neighbors are Easton, Newtown, Oxford, Shelton, and Trumbull. The New York Times profiled Monroe in a February 2013 article called "Living In Monroe, Conn.; a Friend, in Need and Deed."


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.3 square miles (68 km2), of which 26.1 square miles (68 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), or 0.76%, is water. The Pequonnock River begins in Monroe in Wolfe Park.


Monroe is made up of several neighborhoods:


The Monroe town seal is in the form of a circle with the words "Town of Monroe Connecticut" written in the outer rim of the seal. Inside this outer circle is a profile of a bust of James Monroe, who was the fifth President of the United States, serving from 1817-1825.

On May 15, 1656, the Court of the Colony of Connecticut in Hartford affirmed that the town of Stratford included all of the territory 12 miles (19 km) inland from Long Island Sound, between the Housatonic River and the Fairfield town line, to include the southern portion of present-day Monroe. In 1662, Stratford selectmen Lt. Joseph Judson, Captain Joseph Hawley and John Minor had secured all the written deeds of transfer from the Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation for this vast territory that comprises the present-day towns of Trumbull, Shelton and Monroe. In 1671, Stratford purchased from the Paugusset Indians the territory which included the remainder of the northern portions of Monroe, Trumbull and Shelton, in what is known as "The White Hills Purchase", and officially annexed it to the Township of Stratford.

Stepney Dam
The Stepney Dam in Monroe, Connecticut was erected in 1927.
Stepney Dam I
The Stepney Dam is on Route 25.
Route 25 (Main St.) Monroe, CT
Main Street at night in Monroe, CT.

Town information

population of
1830 1,522
1840 1,351
1850 1,442
1860 1,382
1870 1,226
1880 1,157
1890 994
1900 1,043
1910 1,002
1920 1,161
1930 1,221
1940 1,728
1950 2,892
1960 6,402
1970 12,047
1980 14,010
1990 16,896
2000 19,247
2010 19,479


  • The town of Monroe owns and operates the FM radio station WMNR.
  • The Monroe Courier is the weekly town newspaper.
  • The local online newspaper is the Monroe Patch.

Monroe Public Schools

The school district for Monroe is called Monroe Public Schools and includes approximately 4,000 students, in three elementary schools (Fawn Hollow, Monroe Elementary, and Stepney Elementary) two middle schools (Jockey Hollow and recently opened STEM Academy), and a high school (Masuk High School). In 2011, the STEM Academy at Masuk High School was opened as an alternative school option for 6th, 7th, and 8th graders.

Private school

St. Jude School, a Catholic school with around 220 students, is located next to St. Jude Parish on Route 111, very close to Route 111's and 110's intersection. St. Jude holds a carnival in the parking lot in the back of the church every year in the end of August before the school year begins.

In 2003, the St. Jude boys junior varsity basketball team won the New England CYO tournament, defeating Springfield, Massachusetts in the championship, becoming the first team from St. Jude to win the tournament. The first selectman of the town dedicated a day to them. In 2005, they returned to the tournament in Rhode Island as 8th graders. After defeating Worcester and Boston, they lost to Hartford by 5.

In 2006, the St. Jude boys junior varsity again won the New England CYO tournament, defeating Hartford, Connecticut.

Places of worship

The town of Monroe features ten houses of worship representing numerous faiths.

Notable locations

  • Lake Zoar, a reservoir on the Housatonic River
  • Stevenson Dam, which holds back Lake Zoar, and is the bridge for CT Route 34 across the Housatonic
  • Stepney Cemetery, founded in 1794 and located near the Stepney Green
  • Webb Mountain Park, a municipal park with hiking trails and campsites
  • William E. Wolfe Park, a town park located on Cutlers Farm Road and on the northern end of Cross Hill Road. The park includes a public pool, four baseball fields, a football field, a basketball court, a playground, and a hiking trail that leads to Great Hollow Lake. The park includes a barbecue set up on the grass, and a nearby pavilion. Great Hollow Lake is located in the south-western area of the park.
  • Rails to Trails is an approximately 5 mile scenic walking and biking trail that runs from Great Hollow Lake in Wolfe Park, and continues to the Newtown Town line where it currently ends. It is being considered to connect Monroe's walking trail to Trumbull's, which would connect both Monroe, Trumbull, and Bridgeport's Rails to Trails paths.
  • The Warren's Occult Museum: world-renowned museum with hundreds of thousands of yearly visits that houses the largest array of occult artifacts from the Ed and Lorraine Warren investigations.

Locations on the National Register of Historic Places


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,442
1860 1,382 −4.2%
1870 1,226 −11.3%
1880 1,157 −5.6%
1890 994 −14.1%
1900 1,043 4.9%
1910 1,002 −3.9%
1920 1,161 15.9%
1930 1,221 5.2%
1940 1,728 41.5%
1950 2,892 67.4%
1960 6,402 121.4%
1970 12,047 88.2%
1980 14,010 16.3%
1990 16,896 20.6%
2000 19,247 13.9%
2010 19,479 1.2%
2014 (est.) 19,867 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income

As of the census of 2000, there were 19,247 people, 6,481 households, and 5,346 families residing in the town. The population density was 736.5 people per square mile (284.4/km²). There were 6,601 housing units at an average density of 252.6 per square mile (97.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.87% White, 0.20% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.52% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.50% of the population.

There were 6,481 households out of which 42.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.0% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.5% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $85,000 and the median income for a family was $92,514. Males had a median income of $61,109 versus $41,572 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,161. About 1.8% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 25, 2005
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Republican 3,388 228 3,616 26.79%
Democratic 2,200 122 2,322 17.21%
Unaffiliated 7,074 479 7,553 55.96%
Minor parties 3 2 5 0.04%
Total 12,665 831 13,496 100%
  • Reverend Samuel Orcutt, A History of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport Connecticut, Fairfield Historical Society, 1886
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