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Palmyra, Missouri
City of Palmyra
Marion County Courthouse
Marion County Courthouse
Nickname(s): 
Palmyra
Location of Palmyra, Missouri
Location of Palmyra, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Marion
Area
 • Total 2.92 sq mi (7.57 km2)
 • Land 2.92 sq mi (7.57 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
640 ft (195 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,595
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,599
 • Density 1,231.69/sq mi (475.48/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
63461
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-56036
GNIS feature ID 0736334
Website Palmyra, Missouri website

Palmyra is a city in and the county seat of Marion County, Missouri, United States. The population was 3,595 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Hannibal Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Palmyra was platted in 1819, and named after Palmyra, in Syria. The settlement was designated county seat in 1827. A post office called Palmyra has been in operation since 1830.

In 1862, the city was the scene of the Palmyra Massacre, in which ten Confederate prisoners were killed in retaliation for the disappearance of a local Union man.

The Culbertson-Head Farmstead, Dryden-Louthan House, Gardner House, Marion County Jail and Jailor's House, Peter J. Sowers House, Speigle House, Walker-Woodward-Schaffer House, and Ephraim J. Wilson Farm Complex are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Palmyra is located at 39°47′51″N 91°31′29″W / 39.79750°N 91.52472°W / 39.79750; -91.52472 (39.797396, -91.524857). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.76 square miles (7.15 km2), all of it land.

Transportation

On US 61-24, a divided highway, Palmyra is six miles from I-72 (US 36). St. Louis is about two hours away by car; Springfield, Illinois a little less. Daily Amtrak trains link nearby Quincy to downtown Chicago. Commuter air service connects Quincy to St. Louis.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,265
1860 1,999 58.0%
1870 2,615 30.8%
1880 2,479 −5.2%
1890 2,515 1.5%
1900 2,323 −7.6%
1910 2,168 −6.7%
1920 1,964 −9.4%
1930 1,967 0.2%
1940 2,285 16.2%
1950 2,295 0.4%
1960 2,933 27.8%
1970 3,188 8.7%
1980 3,469 8.8%
1990 3,371 −2.8%
2000 3,467 2.8%
2010 3,595 3.7%
Est. 2019 3,599 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,595 people, 1,425 households, and 963 families living in the city. The population density was 1,302.5 inhabitants per square mile (502.9/km2). There were 1,557 housing units at an average density of 564.1 per square mile (217.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 2.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 1,425 households, of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.4% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 37.7 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 22.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

Education

Palmyra's school district serves a 200-square-mile area with 6,700 people; there are 1,150 students and 170 teachers and staff. There are strong early childhood programs, a private parochial school and several day-care facilities. Nearby Hannibal, Canton, Moberly, and Quincy are home to Hannibal-LaGrange College, Culver-Stockton College, Moberly Area Community College, Quincy University, and John Wood Community College.

Palmyra has a lending library, the Palmyra Bicentennial Public Library.

Notable people

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