Pendleton, Greater Manchester facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Pendleton
Pendleton Church.jpg
The parish church of St Thomas, Pendleton
Pendleton shown within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SJ812991
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SALFORD
Postcode district M6
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
  • Salford and Eccles
List of places
UK
England
Greater ManchesterCoordinates: 53°29′31″N 2°16′55″W / 53.4919°N 2.2819°W / 53.4919; -2.2819

Pendleton is an inner city area of Salford in Greater Manchester, England. It is about 2 miles (3.2 km) from Manchester city centre. The A6 dual carriageway skirts the east of the district.

Historically in Lancashire, Pendleton, a former township of the Salford Hundred, experienced rapid urbanisation during the Industrial Revolution.

Pendleton is a densely populated area which has several high-rise blocks of flats (tower blocks) – typically between 17 and 27 storeys high – some of the tallest buildings in Salford and Greater Manchester. The area has two colleges; Pendleton College and a Salford College campus, Salford's largest shopping precinct, Salford Shopping City and Pendleton Police Station.

History

The township has been variously recorded as Penelton in 1199, Pennelton in 1212, Penilton in 1236, Penhulton in 1331, Penulton in 1356 and Pendleton from about 1600.

In the Middle Ages the manor was held by the Hultons of Hulton Park.

Until 1780 the village was rural, a group of cottages around a village green with a maypole. The Industrial Revolution brought about rapid expansion in the population and large cotton mills and premises for dyeing, printing, and bleaching were built providing employment. Pendleton Colliery was developed from the early-19th century.

Violence and looting occurred in Pendleton during the 2011 England riots. In August 2012 Salford City Council announced a £430million regeneration scheme for the area.

Geography

Pendleton is 2½ miles north west of Manchester city centre by the River Irwell and at the junction roads to Liverpool, Preston, Bolton and Manchester. The Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal, the Liverpool and Manchester and Manchester and Bolton railways pass through the area.

Pendleton is situated on the coal measures of the Manchester Coalfield, part of Lancashire Coalfield. In the early days of coal mining seams lying on or close to the surface were exploited, but as time went by deeper shafts were sunk to exploited deeper coal seams so that by the beginning of the 20th century Pendleton Colliery had the deepest shafts in Great Britain, at 3,474 feet (1,059 m).

The area gives its name to the geological feature known as the Pendleton Fault, one of four large faults running under the Manchester area. The faults are geologically active, and cause earthquake tremors that have been recorded for centuries, most recently in August 2007, when Manchester experienced six minor earthquakes.

Clarendon Park is within the bounds of Pendleton. The largest public park is Buile Hill Park which lies on high ground adjacent to Eccles Old Road.

Transport

Pendleton railway station closed in 1998 after it was damaged in an arson attack. Salford Crescent railway station links the district and the University of Salford, central Manchester stations (Piccadilly, Oxford Road and Victoria) and towns in North West England and Scotland.

Parish church

St Thomas Church, a Commissioners' Church, is the parish church. It replaced the original chapel. It was built in 1829–31 to the design of Francis Goodwin and Richard Lane in a Perpendicular gothic revival style with a west tower and three galleries.


Pendleton, Greater Manchester Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.