Plainview, New York facts for kids
|Plainview, New York|
|Hamlet and census-designated place|
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
|• Total||5.733 sq mi (14.85 km2)|
|• Land||5.213 sq mi (13.50 km2)|
|• Water||0.52 sq mi (0.52 km2)|
|Elevation||151 ft (46 m)|
|• Density||4,573.0/sq mi (1,765.64/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0960664|
Plainview is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) located near the North Shore of Long Island in the town of Oyster Bay, Nassau County, New York, United States. The population of the CDP as of 2010[update] was 26,217. The Plainview post office has the ZIP code 11803.
Plainview and its neighboring hamlet, Old Bethpage, share a school system, library, fire department, and water district. Law enforcement for the communities is provided by the Nassau County Police Department's, Second Precinct.
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According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.7 square miles (15 km2). Plainview is on the Nassau County side of the border with Suffolk County. On the Nassau side it borders the hamlets of Hicksville, Old Bethpage, Syosset, and Woodbury. On the Suffolk side, its primary border is with Melville, but also touches West Hills.
Plainview's origins dates to 1648, when Robert Williams, a settler from Wales, bought land in the area. The land was considered desirable for farming because of a small pond named the Moscopas by local Native Americans, meaning "hole of dirt and water". The remainder of the land in the area was purchased by Thomas Powell in 1695 as part of the Bethpage Purchase. The name "Mannatto Hill" had already appeared on the 1695 deed of the Bethpage Purchase, and the settlement came to be called "Manetto Hill". Manitou was the Native American word either for "god" or for "spirit".
The 1837 arrival of the Long Island Rail Road to nearby Hicksville brought a boom to local farming. In 1885, residents of Manetto Hill petitioned the United States Postal Service for a local post office, but were turned down because, according to several accounts, a similar name was already in use upstate. The hamlet was then named "Plainview", for the view of the Hempstead Plains from the top of the Manetto Hills.
Plainview remained a farming community, famous for growing cucumbers for the huge Heinz pickle factories located in nearby Farmingdale and Hicksville. In the early 1900s blight destroyed the cucumber crop and many farmers switched to potatoes. After World War II, a potato blight combined with the desire of many returning GIs to leave New York City for the more rural Long Island, convinced many farmers to sell their property, leading to massive development in the area, giving rise to so-called suburban sprawl. Between 1950 and 1960, the hamlet grew from a population of 1,155 to more than 35,000. Most of the available land was developed during this period or otherwise designated as parkland. While overall development declined it did continue sporadically as smaller remaining parcels of land were also developed. In recent years, some of few large remaining parcels have given way to gated communities, which are in contrast to most housing in the area. Some of these developments include "The Hamlet on Olde Oyster Bay" and "The Seasons at Plainview", a residential community focused on over age 55 residents and first time home buyers.
As of a 2010 census, there were 26,217 people; 8,963 households; and 7,396 families residing in the CDP.. There were 9,281 housing units. The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.8% White, 7.5% Asian, and .07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were .03% of the population.
There were 8,963 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.0% were married couples living together. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.24. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $131,808, and the median income for a family was $148,014. Males had a median income of $68,255 versus $44,229 for females.The per capita income for the CDP was $52,637. About 1.6% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the CDP was $126,045, and the median income for a family was $151,780. Males had a median income of $89,032 versus $61,480 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $76,634. None of the families and 0.8% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 0.7% of those over 64.
Houses of Worship
There are numerous houses of worship located in Plainview.
Plainview is home to several Jewish congregations. Plainview Synagogue and Young Israel of Plainview are Orthodox. Plainview Jewish Center and Manetto Hill Jewish Center are Conservative. Temple Chaverim is reform.
Churches include Good Shepherd Lutheran Church, Church of Jesus Christ of LDS, Plainview United Methodist Church (also known as the Korean United Methodist Church), Plainview Reformed Church, St. Pius X Roman Catholic Church and Episcopal Church of St. Margaret, which includes a cemetery in its backwoods.
In addition, there is also the Guru Gobind Singh Sikh Center, Inc., a Sikh temple. This temple's building formerly housed the Bethel United Pentecostal Church. In addition, Plainview is home to Beth Yeshua/Olive Tree Congregation, a Messianic temple.
Plainview has numerous community parks tucked in between homes. Its primary park is the 19-acre (77,000 m2) Plainview-Old Bethpage Community Park, located on Washington Avenue. Opened in 1960, this park features an Olympic size pool, a children's pool, baseball/softball fields, tennis courts, racquetball/handball courts, basketball courts, a newly built children's recreation playground, and trails through its woods. During the summer the park runs a concession stand. Parks in Plainview are administered by either the Nassau County Department of Parks, Recreation and Museums or the Town of Oyster Bay. In addition, the town is home to a nature preserve called the Manetto Hills Park. This undeveloped parkland was the formerly known as the Shattuck Estate.
Borella Fields, located on Plainview Road, is another large community park. It has three baseball fields, a soccer field and a large playground.
Plainview was home to several grand Gold Coast estates.
- The Schwarzenbach Estate. Robert Schwarzenbach was a very successful textile manufacturer, who purchased an estate on Manetto Hill. The house was demolished long ago to make way for homes, however, one outbuilding still exists. It is located in the Manetto Hills Shopping Center. This building, originally the home provided to the estate's gardener, operated for many years as Malarkey's Tavern. The building presently houses a veterinarian's office. In addition, until the 1990s, a second building was still standing. This building, which had been the estate's chicken coop, was converted into a residence, where the gardener mentioned above eventually moved with his wife. It was located on Manetto Hill Road, just across from Nick Place.
- The Shattuck Estate. The Shattuck Estate was purchased by successful New York City attorney, Edwin Paul Shattuck, who lived there until he died in the 1960s. He was a member of the Shattuck family which owned the Frank G. Shattuck Company. The company operated, among other things, a restaurant chain known as Schrafft Foods. Mr. Shattuck was personal attorney for President Herbert Hoover. They were best friends and died within three days of each other. The property, which totals approximately 138 acres (0.56 km2), was almost developed in the 1970s until community activists forced the county to purchase the property and leave it as a nature preserve. It is located on Washington Avenue and has no signage to indicate its presence. The property's main house was demolished in September 2013. A portion of the property now houses the AHRC's Helen Kaplan Project. A program for developmentally disabled adults.
- The property known as the Nassau County Office Complex, located between the split of Old Country Road and Round Swamp Road, was once home to the Nassau County Sanitarium, a tuberculosis ward. Built on the Taliaferro Estate, primarily in Old Bethpage, the sanitarium was authorized by the Nassau County Board of Supervisors in 1930, and was completed in the early part of the same decade. As tuberculosis was brought under control, the complex of Georgian style buildings was closed in the 1960s. Following its closure, the facility was given over to mixed use, including the establishment of a drug and alcohol rehabilitation center in 1976 and a branch of the Cornell Cooperative Extension. In 1999, Charles Wang, founder of Computer Associates purchased the 144-acre (0.58 km2) property from the county for $23 million. Included in the purchase was 1535 Old Country Road, which now houses the corporate offices of the New York Islanders and New York Dragons, both of which are owned by Wang. In addition, the building is home to the Plainview Chinese Cultural Center, an organization founded by Wang.
Plainview, New York Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.