President of Pakistan facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Presidential Standard of Pakistan (1974-1998).svg
Standard of the President of Pakistan
President of Pakistan Dr Arif Alvi.jpg
Incumbent
Arif Alvi

since 9 September 2018
Style Mr. President
(informal)
Honourable President
(formal)
His Excellency
(In international correspondence)
Residence Aiwan-e-Sadr
Appointer Electoral College
Term length Five years
Renewable once
Constituting instrument Constitution of Pakistan
Inaugural holder Iskander Mirza
Formation March 23, 1956 (1956-03-23) (63 years ago)
Website President of Pakistan

The President of Pakistan is the head of state of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the civilian Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Armed Forces, per the Constitution of Pakistan. The office-holder represents the "unity of the Republic". The current President of Pakistan is the 13th president, Arif Alvi.

The President is kept informed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan on all matters of internal and foreign policy, as well as all legislative proposals. The Constitution vests the President with the powers of granting pardons, reprieves, and the control of the military; however, all appointments at higher commands of the military must be made by the President on a "required and necessary" basis, upon consultation and approval from the Prime Minister. In addition, the Constitution prohibits the President from exercising the authority of running the government.

The president is indirectly elected by the Parliament of Pakistan through the Electoral College for a five-year term. The Constitution requires the President to be a "Muslim of not less than forty five (45) years of age". The President resides in an estate in Islamabad known as Aiwan-e-Sadar (President's House). There have been a total of 13 Presidents. In the absence of the President, the Senate Chairman takes over as the Acting President until the President resumes office, or the election for the next President is held. military changing the role.

History

In 1947, Pakistan became a dominion and part of the British Commonwealth with the British Monarch as head of state, represented by the Governor-General of Pakistan. In 1956 Pakistan established its first constitution and became a Republic, and the Queen and Governor-General were replaced by the president.

Pakistan's first president was Iskander Mirza, who was also the last Governor General. In 1958, he removed the constitution and declared martial law. A few weeks later, he was overthrown by General Ayub Khan, who then declared himself president. The constitution was changed and the president became the ruler of Pakistan. The constitution also said that the president be elected by the people. Elections were held in 1963, and Khan defeated Fatima Jinnah, sister of founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

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