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Richland, Missouri
City
Location of Richland, Missouri
Location of Richland, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
Counties Pulaski, Camden, Laclede
Area
 • Total 2.29 sq mi (5.93 km2)
 • Land 2.27 sq mi (5.88 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 1,135 ft (346 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,863
 • Estimate (2012) 1,887
 • Density 820.7/sq mi (316.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 65556
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-61562
GNIS feature ID 0751867
Website richlandmo.info

Richland is a city in Camden, Laclede, and Pulaski counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. The population was 1,863 at the 2010 census.

History

Richland was originally called Lyon, and under the latter name was platted in 1869. The present name is after G. W. Rich, a railroad official. A post office called Richland has been in operation since 1869.

The Calloway Manes Homestead was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

Geography

Richland is located at (37.858875, -92.402788).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.29 square miles (5.93 km2), of which, 2.27 square miles (5.88 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 360
1890 553 53.6%
1900 736 33.1%
1910 884 20.1%
1920 955 8.0%
1930 945 −1.0%
1940 985 4.2%
1950 1,133 15.0%
1960 1,662 46.7%
1970 1,783 7.3%
1980 1,922 7.8%
1990 2,029 5.6%
2000 1,805 −11.0%
2010 1,863 3.2%
Est. 2015 1,826 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,863 people, 804 households, and 482 families residing in the city. The population density was 820.7 inhabitants per square mile (316.9/km2). There were 926 housing units at an average density of 407.9 per square mile (157.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 1.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 804 households of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,805 people, 806 households, and 490 families residing in the city. The population density was 795.7 people per square mile (307.0/km²). There were 932 housing units at an average density of 410.8 per square mile (158.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.34% White, 0.17% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.55% of the population.

There were 806 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,821, and the median income for a family was $30,583. Males had a median income of $25,781 versus $18,527 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,209. About 17.5% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.6% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Waynesville-St. Robert Regional Airport (Forney Field) serves the community with air service. Even though it is located within Fort Leonard Wood, it is jointly run by the cities of Waynesville and St. Robert and is available for civilian use by private pilots and scheduled commercial passenger service.

An airfield in Richland's industrial park is available for private pilots but has no scheduled commercial service.

The major east-west route is Interstate 44; before that, the main highway was U.S. Route 66, which still exists as a scenic route through the area and passes through Devil's Elbow, St. Robert, Waynesville, Buckhorn, and Hazelgreen. Names for U.S. Route 66 vary - at different places, it is called Teardrop Road, Highway Z, Old Route 66, Historic Route 66, and Highway 17. State-posted signs mark most of the alignment of the road.

Major north-south routes near Richland include:

  • Route 133 runs north from Interstate 44 exit 145 about two miles east of Hazelgreen to Richland, Swedeborg, Crocker, and about two miles west of Dixon, then north out of the county.
  • Route 7 runs north from Interstate 44 exit 150 about three miles west of Buckhorn to Richland, then north out of the county toward the Lake of the Ozarks region.
  • Highway T runs north from Highway 17 at Waynesville to Swedeborg, where it meets and ends at Highway 133 about halfway between Richland and Crocker.

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