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Sabine River (Texas–Louisiana) facts for kids

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Sabine River
Sabine River at Logansport, LA IMG 0950.JPG
Sabine River at Logansport, Louisiana
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Sabine River (right) and Neches River (left)
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Location of the mouth of the Sabine River in Texas
Other name(s) Río Sabine (Spanish)
Fleuve Sabine (French)
Country United States
State Texas, Louisiana
Physical characteristics
Main source Iron Bridge Dam
Lake Tawakoni, Van Zandt County, Texas
423 ft (129 m)
32°48′29″N 95°55′14″W / 32.80806°N 95.92056°W / 32.80806; -95.92056
River mouth Sabine Lake
Texas–Louisiana border, near Orange, Orange County, Texas
and Cameron Parish, Louisiana
0 ft (0 m)
29°59′08″N 93°47′26″W / 29.98556°N 93.79056°W / 29.98556; -93.79056
Length 510 mi (820 km)
Basin features
Basin size 9,756 sq mi (25,270 km2)

The Sabine River is a river, 510 miles (820 km) long, in the Southern U.S. states of Texas and Louisiana. In its lower course, it forms part of the boundary between the two states and empties into Sabine Lake, an estuary of the Gulf of Mexico. Over the first half of the 19th century, the river formed part of the SpanishAmerican, Mexican–American, and Texan–American international boundaries. The upper reaches of the river flow through the prairie country of northeast Texas. Along much of its lower reaches, it flows through the pine forests along the Texas–Louisiana border, and the bayou country near the Gulf Coast.

The river drains an area of 9,756 square miles (25,270 km2), of which 7,426 square miles (19,230 km2) are in Texas and 2,330 square miles (6,000 km2) in Louisiana. It flows through an area of abundant rainfall and discharges the largest volume of any river in Texas. The name Sabine (Sp: Río de Sabinas) comes from the Spanish word for cypress, in reference to the extensive growth of bald cypresses along the lower river. The river flows through an important petroleum-producing region, and the lower river near the Gulf is among the most industrialized areas of the southeastern United States. The river was often described as the dividing line between the Old South and the New Southwest.

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