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Orange County, Texas facts for kids

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Orange County
The Orange County Courthouse in Orange
The Orange County Courthouse in Orange
Flag of Orange County
Official seal of Orange County
Map of Texas highlighting Orange County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded January 5, 1852
Named for Orange fruit
Seat Orange
Largest city Orange
 • Total 380 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Land 334 sq mi (870 km2)
 • Water 46 sq mi (120 km2)  12%%
 • Total 84,808
 • Density 223.2/sq mi (86.2/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 36th

Orange County is a county located in the very southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Texas, sharing a boundary with Louisiana, within the Golden Triangle of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 84,808. The county seat is the city of Orange, and it falls within the Beaumont–Port Arthur metropolitan area.


Orange County was formed in 1852 from portions of Jefferson County. It was named after the orange fruit, the common citrus fruit grown by the early settlers of this County near the mouth of the Sabine River. Due to periodic spells of quite cold winter weather (frosts) in Orange County, it is no longer the home of orange trees and citrus orchards. The production of those fruits in Texas long ago was moved a long way southwest into the Rio Grande Valley, where the weather is almost always warm all winter long. Citrus trees produce their fruit in the wintertime, which makes them especially vulnerable to frost and icy weather.

A similar thing has happened in Florida, where orchards of citrus trees no longer exist in either Citrus County or Orange County because of bad winter freezes in some years. In both Florida and Texas, the citrus agriculture has been moved farther south in search of milder winters, and away from the periodic frosts.

During World War II, Orange County was the home of a large amount of shipbuilding for the navies the United States and allied countries. The major shipbuilder, the Consolidated Steel Corporation was located in the town of Orange, and among the warships that it built were the USS Aulick (DD-569) (1942), the first warship built there, the USS Pope (DE-134) (1943), and the USS Carpenter (DD-825) (1945–46), the last warship built there. During the war, the Consolidate Steel Corporation employed as many as 20,000 people at its shipyard in Orange, Texas.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 380 square miles (980 km2), of which 334 square miles (870 km2) is land and 46 square miles (120 km2) (12%) is water.

Orange County is bordered on its east by the Sabine River, on its southeast by Sabine Lake, and on the northwest by the Neches River.

The geography of Orange County varies relatively little, with an elevation that reaches 33 feet (10 meters) above sea level at very few points within the county. Orange County is very flat, and its soil is quite sandy, as could be expected in a county along the Gulf of Mexico. (Sandy soil is also common in southern Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, and in western and southern Florida.) There are saltwater marshes in much of the southeastern part of Orange County that borders the Sabine River. There are piney woods (sometimes capitalized) in the northern part of the county.

Adjacent counties and parishes

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,916
1870 1,255 −34.5%
1880 2,938 134.1%
1890 4,770 62.4%
1900 5,905 23.8%
1910 9,528 61.4%
1920 15,379 61.4%
1930 15,149 −1.5%
1940 17,382 14.7%
1950 40,567 133.4%
1960 60,357 48.8%
1970 71,170 17.9%
1980 83,838 17.8%
1990 80,509 −4.0%
2000 84,966 5.5%
2010 81,837 −3.7%
2020 84,808 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2020

2020 census

Orange County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 67,895 64,935 82.96% 76.57%
Black or African American alone (NH) 6,922 7,981 8.46% 9.41%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 340 343 0.42% 0.40%
Asian alone (NH) 797 1,108 0.97% 1.31%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 38 13 0.05% 0.02%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 73 196 0.09% 0.23%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,006 2,967 1.23% 3.50%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 4,766 7,265 5.82% 8.57%
Total 81,837 84,808 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.


Orange County, Texas Countyline-Louisiana (2018-01-06) (crop)
Orange County's eastern county line borders the state of Louisiana, as seen from Interstate 10


Orange County Airport operates general-aviation flights.

Nearby Southeast Texas Regional Airport (Port Arthur) operates commercial flights.

Major highways

  • I-10 (TX).svg Interstate 10
  • US 90.svg U.S. Highway 90
  • Texas 12.svg State Highway 12
  • Texas 62.svg State Highway 62
  • Texas 73.svg State Highway 73
  • Texas 87.svg State Highway 87



Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


Primary economic activities in Orange County are the petroleum refining industry, paper milling, rice farming, and shrimping.

Orange County was formerly a center for the building of warships, and a large U.S. Navy ghost fleet (reserve fleet) still exists in Jefferson County - from which currently, many old warships are being cleaned of water pollution sources and then scrapped for their metals, thus employment for residents of Orange County in shipbreaking.

Newspapers published in the county include the twice-weekly Orange Leader and weeklies including the Bridge City-based Penny Record, County Record, and Vidor Vidorian.


The county is served by five school districts: Bridge City ISD, Little Cypress-Mauriceville Consolidated ISD, Orangefield ISD, Vidor ISD, and West Orange-Cove Consolidated ISD.

See also

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