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Selim III
سليم ثالث
Ottoman Caliph
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Kayser-i Rûm
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Miele Selina,the third was fond of miles the second
28th Ottoman Sultan (Emperor)
Reign 7 April 1789 – 29 May 1807
Predecessor Abdul Hamid I
Successor Mustafa IV
Born 24 December 1761
Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died 28 July 1808(1808-07-28) (aged 46)
Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial Laleli Mosque, Istanbul
Consorts Safizar Kadın
Aynısafa Kadın
Zibifer Kadın
Tabısafa Kadın
Refet Kadın
Nurușems Kadın
Hüsnümah Kadın
Full name
Selim bin Mustafa
Dynasty Ottoman
Father Mustafa III
Mother Mihrişah Sultan
Religion Sunni Islam
Tughra Selim IIIسليم ثالث's signature

Selim III (Ottoman Turkish: سليم ثالث Selīm-i sālis) (24 December 1761 – 28 July 1808) was the reform-minded Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1789 to 1807. The Janissaries eventually deposed and imprisoned him, and placed his cousin Mustafa on the throne as Mustafa IV. Selim was subsequently killed by a group of assassins.

Selim III was the son of Sultan Mustafa III and his wife Mihrişah Sultan. His mother Mihrişah Sultan originated in Georgia and when she became the Valide Sultan, she participated in reforming the government schools and establishing political corporations. His father Ottoman Sultan Mustafa III was very well educated and believed in the necessity of reforms. Mustafa III attempted to create a powerful army during the peacetime with professional, well-educated soldiers. This was primarily motivated by his fear of a Russian invasion. During the Russo-Turkish War he fell ill and died of a heart attack in 1774. Sultan Mustafa was aware of the fact that a military reform was necessary. He declared new military regulations and opened maritime and artillery academies.

Sultan Mustafa was very influenced by mysticism. Oracles predicted his son Selim would be a world-conqueror, so he organized a joyous feast lasting seven days. Selim was very well educated in the palace. Sultan Mustafa III bequeathed his son as his successor; however, Selim's uncle Abdul Hamid I ascended the throne after Mustafa's death. Sultan Abdul Hamid I took care of Selim and put great emphasis on his education.

After Abdul Hamid's death Selim succeeded him on 7 April 1789, not yet 27 years old. Sultan Selim III was very fond of literature and calligraphy; many of his works were put on the walls of mosques and convents. He wrote many poems, especially about Crimea's occupation by Russia. He spoke Arabic and Persian fluently. Selim III was very religious, and very patriotic. He was a poet, a musician and very fond of fine arts.

Selim was a very modern man and a reformist ruler.

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