Shipston-on-Stour facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsShipston-on-Stour
High Street, Shipston.
|Area||4.92 km2 (1.90 sq mi)|
|Population||5,038 (2011 Census)|
|• Density||1,024/km2 (2,650/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
|Website||Shipston-on-Stour Town Council|
Shipston-on-Stour is a town and civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon District and is the main settlement of the southern corner of Warwickshire, England. The compactly formed town and its associated land occupy the left bank of the River Stour 9 miles (15 km) SSE of Stratford-upon-Avon and 14 miles (22 km) south of Warwick. In 2011 Shipston-on-Stour had a population of 5,038.
In the 8th century the Toponym was Scepwaeisctune, Old English for Sheep-wash-Town, as it was once an important sheep market. The name evolved through Scepwestun in the 11th century, Sipestone, Sepwestun and Schipton in the 13th century and Sepestonon-Sture in the 14th century.
The Church of England parish church of Saint Edmund has a 15th-century tower. The Gothic Revival architect G.E. Street rebuilt the rest of the church in 1855. The tower had a ring of five bells until 1695 when they were recast and rehung as a ring of six. Since then all the bells have been recast and rehung from time to time, notably in 1754 and by John Taylor & Co. in 1979.
Shipston is on the A3400 road (formerly the A34) between Stratford-upon-Avon and Oxford and was once an important staging place for stagecoaches. Many former coaching inns, such as the Coach and Horses, remain in the area of the High Street.
Following a fall in the demand for local wool, the local economy was in part sustained by the opening in 1836 of a branch line running from the horse-drawn Stratford and Moreton Tramway, built ten years before and linking Moreton-in-Marsh with Stratford. In 1889 the line was upgraded to allow the operation of steam trains from Moreton to Shipston. Passenger services to the town were withdrawn in 1929 and the line closed completely in 1960.
Shipston was in an exclave of the Oswaldslow Hundred of Worcestershire until 1931, when it was transferred to Warwickshire. Until the 1974 local government reorganisation it was the seat of the Shipston-on-Stour Rural District.
The Sports Club has football, cricket, bowls, tennis and angling clubs. Shipston First Scout Group has Beaver (ages 6–8), Cub (ages 8–10½) and Scout (ages 10½–14) sections. Shipston on Stour Rugby Football Club currently plays in the Midlands 3 West (South) league. Shipston has a brass band.
Shipston has a small museum located off Telegraph street. The museum was set up, and is run by local people. It is stocked with artifacts and memorabilia relating to the town and the surrounding villages.
- See also: Category:People from Shipston-on-Stour
Notable people connected with Shipston include:
- Cy Endfield, American-born director of such notable films as Hell Drivers and Zulu; he had emigrated to England and lived and died in Shipston after being blacklisted as a Communist during the McCarthy era.
- Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees mentions Shipston in his song "Cold Be My Days", which was not released until 2015 although recorded in 1970 for the unfinished album Sing Slowly Sisters; words "Cold be my days in Shipston-on-Stour" appear several times. He stated in a BBC Radio 4 interview in May 2007 that this relates to his youthful experiences, riding horses with his brother Barry.
- Francis J. Haverfield - 19th-century archaeologist, born in Shipston.
- Richard Morant - film and TV actor, born in Shipston.
- Simon Travis, former professional footballer, has recently moved to the town.
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Shipston-on-Stour Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.