St Ann's, Nottingham facts for kids
The St Ann's bus on Brewster Road
|St Ann's shown within Nottinghamshire|
|Population||19,316 (Ward 2011)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Vista over Nottingham. (2016)
|Area||1,068 acres (432 ha)|
|Authority||City of Nottingham|
The Oswell was a cold water well with alleged magical powers that could cure sore eyes. In 1500, the name changed to honour St Ann, whose cult was ascendant at the time. St Ann was the patron saint of lacemakers, pregnancy and women who had difficulty in conceiving. Water from the well fed a beck (stream) that ran through "The Spring" to the river. There are several ancient names attached to area Peas Hill (1230), Hunger Hills (1304) and Clay Fields.
In the 1750s Charles Morley started manufacturing brown earthenware, specialising in beer mugs.
In the 1830s Clay fields was divided into plots. With The Enclosure Act of 1845 allowed the city to take 1,068 acres (432 ha) of the Clay fields. It was used for housing, and by 1880 the build of 'New Town' was complete. It was specifically built for the working poor. They were very basic cottages, with a butcher, a baker, a large number of public houses, a market place and, for the first time in Britain, allotments where the poor could grow their vegetables. The Public Health Act 1875 enabled local authorities to make byelaws to regulate such building. Here all the houses were pre-Public Health Act terraced houses, on a gridiron plan arranged around courts of ten houses. These were later demolished under slum-clearance legislation of the 1960s.
The estate was a town within a town, the local constabulary refused to enter St Ann's estate, so policing was managed by the residents relying on 'family affiliation'. It was an area of hard work and low pay that culturally was separate from Nottingham. But it was an area of 10,000 houses where only 9% had an inside toilet, and 50% had no hot water system- many of the yards had shared toilets and open sewers leading to dysentry and cholera. Infant mortality was three times the national average. The latest immigrants, and in 1968 that meant West Indians and Jamaican in particular, had been allocated the worst housing. Clearances of houses such as these started in 1930, but because of the war 'New Town' continued until 1970. The houses were flattened and the residents dispersed.
In 1970, the Victorian streets were replaced with a Radburn style estate. While this introduced a more modern housing stock, the confusing pattern of facing houses with differing street names and the maze of undistinguishable walk-ways made the new estate impenetrable to outsiders. The houses were built by Wimpey, using prefabricated techniques. The first residents were proud of the houses, but critical of the design of the estate.
The inhabitants of the estate suffered firstly from the contraction of manual jobs under the Thatcher government, and the contraction of the public sector jobs under the 2010 austerity governments.
St Ann's lies east of Nottingham city centre, with Thorneywood to the north east and Carlton Road forming the unofficial boundary with Sneinton to the south.
In common with other parts of the city, the largely working class population is still affected by the collapse of manufacturing industry and much of the area scores badly on government measures of deprivation. It is ethnically mixed with a strong sense of community. The population in 2005 was around 15,000.
St Ann's is home to people from all over the world such as Pakistan, the West Indies, Iran, Romania, Greece, Portugal, Somalia, Sudan, Guinea and Thailand.
The area has a Pakistani Community Centre and the African Caribbean National Artistic Center (ACNA)
Culture and community
The area takes its name from St Ann's Well, a spring once thought to have magical healing powers, at the junction of The Wells Road and Kildare Road. It was also known as The Brodewell, the Owswell, Robin Hood's Well, in records dating back to 1301. The people of Nottingham used to walk to St Ann's Well on Easter ('Black') Monday and celebrate with a party. It was covered by a spired structure from 1856 to 1887, which was demolished to make way for the railway and later built over by what became The Gardeners pub.
There is a free urban farm which is active in the community. The last pub in the area was the Sycamore Inn, which closed in April 2014.
The terraces north of Victoria Park have been listed as representing a style of domestic architecture that was once widespread but has been largely lost to bomb damage and slum clearance.
The St Ann's Allotments is the oldest and largest allotment site in England, created in the 1830s and now Grade 2* listed as being of "Special Historic Interest". The allotments have received National Lottery funding for restoration, and were featured on the BBC's The One Show and Radio 4.
The Nottingham Suburban Railway ran through the area, connecting Trent Lane junction in Sneinton with Daybrook, but bomb damage closed the Sneinton end in 1941 and the line ceased operations completely in 1951.
- Nottingham City Transport
- 39: Nottingham – St Anns (Beacon Hill Rise) – Thorneywood – Carlton Valley.
- 40: Nottingham – St Anns – Sherwood – City Hospital.
- 41: Nottingham – St Anns (Direct).
- 42: Nottingham – Abbotsford Drive – St Anns.
- Premiere Travel
- S11: St Anns – Thorneywood – Carlton – Netherfield – Victoria Park.
The parish church is St. Ann with Emmanuel; the RCCG Covenant Restoration Assembly St Anns meet in Blue Bell Hill Community Centre.
There are also two Mosques in the area with one in the Pakistani Centre and the Islamic Center
There have been two academic studies based on the working class community of St Anns:
- Poverty: The Forgotten Englishman, by Ken Coates and Bill Silburn : University of Nottingham
- Getting by: by Lisa McKenzie, LSE
St Ann's, Nottingham Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.