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Temple City, California
City
City of Temple City
Flag of Temple City, California
Flag
Official seal of Temple City, California
Seal
Motto: "Home Of Camellias"
Location of Temple City in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Temple City in Los Angeles County, California
Country  United States
State  California
County Flag of Los Angeles County, California.svg Los Angeles
Incorporated May 25, 1960
Area
 • Total 4.006 sq mi (10.374 km2)
 • Land 4.006 sq mi (10.374 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 400 ft (122 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 35,558
 • Density 8,876.2/sq mi (3,427.61/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 91780
Area code 626
FIPS code 06-78148
GNIS feature ID 1656640
Website www.ci.temple-city.ca.us
Temple City, California
Traditional Chinese 坦普爾市
Simplified Chinese 坦普尔市
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 天普市

Temple City is a city in Los Angeles County, California. Temple City is part of a cluster of cities, along with Arcadia, Rosemead, Monterey Park, San Marino, and San Gabriel, in the west San Gabriel Valley with a rapidly growing Asian population. Temple City also has a Cuban and Puerto Rican community, among other Latino nationalities. Approximately one third of the city's population is white. The population was 35,558 at the 2010 census.

History

The town of Temple was originated on May 30, 1923 when Walter P. Temple (June 7, 1870 – November 13, 1938), (Workman and Temple Family Homestead Museum) purchased 400 acres (160 ha) of land four miles (6 km) east of San Gabriel which had been part of Lucky Baldwin's Rancho Santa Anita. The original townsite (Tract 6561, recorded with the LA County Tax Assessor in June 1923) corresponds to the present-day area bounded by Garibaldi Avenue on the north, Baldwin Avenue on the east, Live Oak Avenue on the south, and Encinita Avenue on the west.

Temple, the son and tenth child of Pliny Fisk Temple and William Workman's daughter Antonia Margarita Workman, was born on Rancho La Merced, which is today part of the city of Montebello. This was the site of the original San Gabriel Mission, founded by the Franciscan Fathers next to the rich bottom lands of the San Gabriel River. Historically called "Rio de los Temblores", which means the River of the Earthquakes. It is today known as the Rio Hondo River.

Temple envisioned building a community where average people could afford to live and own their homes. He then divided the area into lots and laid out the park facing Las Tunas Drive. He named other streets after friends and family: Workman, Kauffman, Rowland, Temple and Agnes. Bond issues initiated by Temple were responsible for street paving and electricity. Temple also petitioned the Pacific Electric Railway Company to extend its Los Angeles to Alhambra line to a depot adjacent to Temple City Park. The extension of the railway contributed to the steady growth of Temple City.

The town was originally called "City of Temple", but the Postmaster General demanded a name change in 1926 because the mail was instead being directed to the Phoenix suburb of Tempe. It was officially was designated Temple City but remained a city in name only until after the post–World War II population explosion. The redundancy in the name City of Temple City came when Temple City incorporated on May 25, 1960.

Currently, Temple City is a destination for East Asian, Eastern European, Middle East and Latino immigrants, especially Chinese-Americans. Rosemead Boulevard has several strip malls catering to a largely Asian but diverse customer base. A German-American community thrived there in the early 20th century.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 31,838
1970 31,034 −2.5%
1980 28,972 −6.6%
1990 31,100 7.3%
2000 33,377 7.3%
2010 35,558 6.5%
Est. 2015 36,365 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Temple City had a population of 35,558. The population density was 8,877.2 people per square mile (3,427.5/km²). The racial makeup of Temple City was 11,941 (33.6%) White (22.8% Non-Hispanic White), 283 (0.8%) African American, 150 (0.4%) Native American, 19,803 (55.7%) Asian, 31 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 2,316 (6.5%) from other races, and 1,034 (2.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,853 persons (19.3%).

The Census reported that 35,136 people (98.8% of the population) lived in households, 29 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 393 (1.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 11,606 households, out of which 4,402 (37.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,605 (56.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,714 (14.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 686 (5.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 404 (3.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 65 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,973 households (17.0%) were made up of individuals and 844 (7.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03. There were 9,005 families (77.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.39.

The population was spread out with 7,549 people (21.2%) under the age of 18, 2,887 people (8.1%) aged 18 to 24, 8,983 people (25.3%) aged 25 to 44, 10,778 people (30.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,361 people (15.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.0 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

There were 12,117 housing units at an average density of 3,025.1 per square mile (1,168.0/km²), of which 7,453 (64.2%) were owner-occupied, and 4,153 (35.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 23,213 people (65.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 11,923 people (33.5%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Temple City had a median household income of $66,075, with 10.0% of the population living below the federal poverty line.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10 km2).

Of interest

The proposed Temple City Piazza mall project, at the corner of Las Tunas Drive and Rosemead Boulevard, would include 124,600 square feet (11,580 m2) of retail space, restaurants, banquet facilities and a food court. Original plans also included 52 one-bedroom condos, but that part of the development was scrapped. Today, the 3.7 acres (1.5 ha) set aside for the Temple City Piazza mall are an empty lot, overgrown with weeds and surrounded by fencing. Facing the busy intersection is a sign with bold lettering, advertising that the Piazza is "coming soon in 2010."

The "Bridal District," along the stretch of the downtown area on Las Tunas Drive, has made Temple City a bride's "mecca" for all wedding needs including elaborate dresses, floral creations and lavish portraits. Brides come from as far away as New York to visit this Temple City specialty sector. These businesses are primarily owned by ethnic Chinese and Taiwanese immigrants.

Of notable interest is that even though the chain no longer has a store within city limits, Winchell's Donuts originated in Temple City, opening on October 8, 1948. In addition, in the 1970s, Temple City was home to Pete & Jake's Hot Rod Repair, noted for custom cars, such as The California Kid.

Temple City Library

A new mural was mounted on the west exterior wall of the newly remodeled Temple City Library in the summer of 2011. The mural, which was painted by more than 20 Temple City students under the tutelage of West Los Angeles-based muralist Art Mortimer, is the first project of the city's public art advisory group formed in February. The creation of the 8-foot high, 28-foot wide mural was a partnership between the city, the advisory group, Los Angeles County and the Temple City Unified School District and designed by Temple City High school students. It shows famous authors, and is an "interesting and unique way of showing what's inside the library," Mortimer said. Further stating that "The way they depict famous writers throughout history, the things they put in the background, such as books with wings, and their ways of showing the importance of the library in the community was very charming the way they did it."

Notable people

  • Genie, a famous feral child lived on Golden West Ave in Temple City when she was discovered in 1970.

Events

Camellia Festival

History: In 1944 a contest held by the Woman's Club of Temple City brought forth a slogan "Temple City, Home of Camellias", from which stemmed the annual Camellia Festival. It was in recognition of the significance of family life that the Camellia Festival was founded. The festival, which has attracted national recognition in ensuing years, is sponsored by the City of Temple City. Its purpose is to encourage every youngster in the community to belong to one of recognized youth organizations and to participate in the affairs of their community. Only members of recognized organizations are eligible to enter the Camellia Festival Parade. The Royalty Coronation of two first graders is held the first Friday of February.

The annual Temple City Camellia Festival takes place the last weekend in February. A parade begins the celebration on Saturday morning. The parade commences at the corner of Las Tunas Drive and Rosemead Blvd. Commercial floats are not allowed in the parade, all work is done by the youth and carry the theme of the year. A carnival is part of the three-day festivities, where the public may enjoy the hometown atmosphere in Temple City Park, while they participate in games booths and food booths, manned by local service and youth organizations. Varied Cultural entertainment events are open to the community and welcomed guests.

What began in 1944 started by the Women’s Club of Temple City as a small parade of youngsters who tossed camellia blossoms to parade watchers, has now become a signature event in Temple City attracting an estimated 5000 children and more than 20,000 visitors to Temple City each year. The Camellia Festival is held on the last weekend in February which is only a part of the three-day festival. A carnival in Temple City Park as well as an Art show.

Parish Fiesta

The annual Saint Luke's Parish Fiestal takes place at the St. Luke the Evangelist Catholic Church in April. Located at Broadway and Cloverly Avenue, for three days, game booths, rides and food stalls are open to the community. Today, approximately 900 volunteers, young and old, work in the food and game booths throughout the weekend. Many of the volunteers worked when the first bazaars began more than 50 years ago. Every year, approximately 10,000 people enjoy the good food, rides, and entertainment throughout the weekend.

Farmers Market

The Temple City's Farmer's Market is open every Sunday from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at the parking lot between City Hall and Temple City Park.

Sister cities

Temple City currently has Sister City relations with the following places:


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