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The Honourable
Usain Bolt
OJ CD OLY
Bolt se aposenta com medalha de ouro no 4 x 100 metros 1039118-19.08.2016 frz-9565 (cropped).jpg
Personal information
Full name Usain St Leo Bolt
Nickname(s) Lightning Bolt
Nationality Jamaican
Born 21 August 1986 (1986-08-21) (age 34)
Sherwood Content, Jamaica
Residence Kingston, Jamaica
Height 1.95 m
Weight 94 kilograms (207 lb)
Sport
Sport Track and field
Event(s) Sprints
Club Racers Track Club
Coached by Glen Mills
Retired 2017
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)

Usain St Leo Bolt, OJ, CD ( born 21 August 1986) is a Jamaican former sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is a world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.

An eight-time Olympic gold medallist, Bolt is the only sprinter to win Olympic 100 m and 200 m titles at three consecutive Olympics (2008, 2012 and 2016). He also won two 4 × 100 relay gold medals. He gained worldwide fame for his double sprint victory in world record times at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, which made him the first person to hold both records since fully automatic time became mandatory.

An eleven-time World Champion, he won consecutive World Championship 100 m, 200 m and 4 × 100 metres relay gold medals from 2009 to 2015, with the exception of a 100 m false start in 2011. He is the most successful athlete of the World Championships. Bolt is the first athlete to win four World Championship titles in the 200 m and is one of the most successful in the 100 m with three titles.

Bolt improved upon his second 100 m world record of 9.69 with 9.58 seconds in 2009 – the biggest improvement since the start of electronic timing. He has twice broken the 200 metres world record, setting 19.30 in 2008 and 19.19 in 2009. He has helped Jamaica to three 4 × 100 metres relay world records, with the current record being 36.84 seconds set in 2012. Bolt's most successful event is the 200 m, with three Olympic and four World titles. The 2008 Olympics was his international debut over 100 m; he had earlier won numerous 200 m medals (including 2007 World Championship silver) and holds the world under-20 and world under-18 records for the event.

His achievements as a sprinter have earned him the media nickname "Lightning Bolt", and his awards include the IAAF World Athlete of the Year, Track & Field Athlete of the Year, BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year (three times) and Laureus World Sportsman of the Year (four times). Bolt retired after the 2017 World Championships, when he finished third in his last solo 100 m race, opted out of the 200 m, and pulled up in the 4×100 m relay final.

Early years

Bolt was born on 21 August 1986 to parents Wellesley and Jennifer Bolt in Sherwood Content, a small town in Jamaica. He has a brother, Sadiki, and a sister, Sherine. His parents ran the local grocery store in the rural area, and Bolt spent his time playing cricket and football in the street with his brother, later saying, "When I was young, I didn't really think about anything other than sports." As a child, Bolt attended Waldensia Primary, where he began showing his sprint potential when he ran in his parish's annual national primary school meet. By the age of twelve, Bolt had become the school's fastest runner over the 100 metres distance.

Upon his entry to William Knibb Memorial High School, Bolt continued to focus on other sports, but his cricket coach noticed Bolt's speed on the pitch and urged him to try track and field events. Pablo McNeil, a former Olympic sprint athlete, and Dwayne Jarrett coached Bolt, encouraging him to focus his energy on improving his athletic abilities. The school had a history of success in athletics with past students, including sprinter Michael Green. Bolt won his first annual high school championships medal in 2001; he took the silver medal in the 200 metres with a time of 22.04 seconds. McNeil soon became his primary coach, and the two enjoyed a positive partnership, although McNeil was occasionally frustrated by Bolt's lack of dedication to his training and his penchant for practical jokes.

When Bolt was a boy, he attended Sherwood Content Seventh-day Adventist Church in Trelawny, Jamaica, with his mother. His mother did not serve pork to him in accordance with Adventist beliefs.

Career

Usain Bolt won the IAAF Grand Prize in 100 meter dash on May 31st, 2008 at Icahn Stadium in New York City. He finished the race in 9.72 seconds and broke the world record. On August 16th, 2008, he broke his world record again at the Olympic Games in Beijing. On August 20th, 2008 he broke the world record for the men's 200 meter race.

On August 16th, 2009, he went to the 12th World Championships in Athletics and broke his own world record in the 100 meter race. He ran that race in 9.58 seconds. Surprisingly, in this race, he didn't try his hardest. He looked around for the last five meters.

On August 28th, 2011, he ran in the 13th World Championships in Athletics in Daegu, South Korea. He made a false start in the 100 meter race and was disqualified.

On August 5th, 2012, he won the men's 100 meter final in the London Olympics. His finishing time was 9.63 seconds. He also won the 4 x 100 meter relay race.

He also won a gold medal in the 100 meter race in the 2016 Rio Olympics.

In 2017, his gold medal for the 2008 relay was disqualified because his teammate Nesta Carter had used drugs. He had to give up his gold medal.

Guinness World Records

Bolt claimed 19 Guinness World Records, and, after Michael Phelps, holds the second highest number of accumulative Guinness World Records for total number of accomplishments and victories in the sport.

  1. Fastest run 150 metres (male)
  2. Most medals won at the IAAF Athletics World Championships (male)
  3. Most gold medals won at the IAAF Athletics World Championships (male)
  4. Most Athletics World Championships Men's 200 m wins
  5. Most consecutive Olympic gold medals won in the 100 metres (male)
  6. Most consecutive Olympic gold medals won in the 200 metres (male)
  7. Most Olympic men's 200 metres Gold medals
  8. Fastest run 200 metres (male)
  9. Most Men's IAAF World Athlete of Year Trophies
  10. First Olympic track sprint triple-double
  11. Highest annual earnings for a track athlete
  12. Most wins of the 100 m sprint at the Olympic Games
  13. First athlete to win the 100 m and 200 m sprints at successive Olympic Games
  14. Fastest run 100 metres (male)
  15. First man to win the 200 m sprint at successive Olympic Games
  16. Most Athletics World Championships Men's 100 m wins
  17. Most tickets sold at an IAAF World Championships
  18. Most competitive 100 m sprint races completed in sub 10 seconds
  19. Fastest relay 4×100 metres (male)

Personal Life

He is known to be a fan of the English Premier League soccer club, Manchester United F.C. He watched their games in person. He also met the coach and players.

Music producer

In July 2019, Bolt made his debut as a dancehall music producer with the release of the Olympe Rosé riddim that featured 5 tracks from Jamaican dancehall artistes: Dexta Daps "Big Moves", Munga Honorable "Weekend", Christopher Martin "Dweet", Ding Dong "Top A Di Top" and football player turned artist Ricardo "Bibi" Gardner "Mount A Gyal".

In November 2019, he followed up with another compilation called the 'Immortal Riddim' that included tracks from Vybz Kartel, Masicka, Munga Honorable and Christopher Martin.

In early January 2021, Bolt released a single titled Living The Dream with his childhood friend and manager Nugent 'NJ' Walker.

Recognition

Sally Pearson, Usain Bolt 2011
Sally Pearson and Bolt with their IAAF Athlete of the Year awards in Monaco
  • IAAF World Athlete of the Year: 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2016
  • Track & Field Athlete of the Year: 2008, 2009
  • Laureus World Sportsman of the Year: 2009, 2010, 2013, 2017
  • BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year: 2008, 2009, 2012
  • L'Équipe Champion of Champions: 2008, 2009, 2012, 2015
  • Jamaica Sportsman of the year: 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013
  • AIPS Male Athlete of the Year: 2015
  • Marca Leyenda (2009)
  • In October 2008, he was made a Commander of the Order of Distinction, which entitles him to use the post nominal letters CD.
  • In 2009, at age 23, Usain Bolt became the youngest member so far of the Order of Jamaica. The award was "for outstanding performance in the field of athletics at the international level". In the Jamaican honours system, this is considered the equivalent of a knighthood in the British honours system, and entitles him to be formally styled "The Honourable", and to use the post nominal letters OJ.

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