22 Kalliope facts for kids
|Discovered by||John Russell Hind|
|Discovery date||November 16, 1852|
|Epoch November 12, 2005 (JD 2453686.5)|
|Aphelion||479.931 Gm (3.208 AU)|
|Perihelion||390.433 Gm (2.610 AU)|
|435.182 Gm (2.909 AU)|
|1812.245 d (4.96 a)|
Average orbital speed
|Mass||6.3 ± 0.5 ×1018 kg|
|2.03 ± 0.16 g/cm³|
|0.1728 d (4.148 h)|
max: 240 K (-32°C)
Its spectrum is M-type, but Kalliope does not appear to be metallic. It is similar to other M-types such as 21 Lutetia. Firstly, its density is far too low to be metal. Second, spectroscopic studies have shown evidence of hydrated minerals and silicates, so the surface is probably stony. Kalliope also has a low radar albedo, unlike most metallic surfaces.
Lightcurve analysis indicates that Kalliope's pole most likely points towards ecliptic coordinates (β, λ) = (-23°, 20°) with a 10° uncertainty, which gives Kalliope an axial tilt of 103°. Kalliope's rotation is then a bit retrograde.
Kalliope has one known moon, Linus, or (22) Kalliope I Linus. It is quite big: 30–40 km in diameter. It orbits about 1065 km from Kalliope. This is about 12 times the radius of Kalliope. Linus was found on August 29, 2001 by Jean-Luc Margot and Michael E. Brown, while another team also independently found the moon 3 days later.
22 Kalliope Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.