kids encyclopedia robot

Appleby-in-Westmorland facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Appleby-in-Westmorland
Appleby Market Square.jpg
Boroughgate (2004)
Appleby-in-Westmorland town flag.svg
Flag
Appleby-in-Westmorland is located in Cumbria
Appleby-in-Westmorland
Appleby-in-Westmorland
Population 3,048 (2011)
OS grid reference NY6820
Civil parish
  • Appleby-in-Westmorland
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town APPLEBY-IN-WESTMORLAND
Postcode district CA16
Dialling code 017683
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
  • Penrith and The Border
Website http://applebytown.org.uk/
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°34′37″N 2°29′06″W / 54.577°N 2.485°W / 54.577; -2.485

Appleby-in-Westmorland is a market town and civil parish in the Eden District of Cumbria, England, with a population of 3,048 at the 2011 Census. Crossed by the River Eden, Appleby was the county town of the historic county of Westmorland. It was known just as Appleby until 1974–1976, when the council of the successor parish to the borough changed it to retain the name Westmorland, which was abolished as an administrative area under the Local Government Act 1972. It lies 14 miles (23 km) south-east of Penrith, 32 miles (51 km) south-east of Carlisle, 27 miles (43 km) north-east of Kendal and 45 miles (72 km) west of Darlington.

History

St Lawrence's Church is the parish church. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building. Appleby Castle was founded by Ranulf le Meschin at the beginning of the 12th century. It was placed under siege during the Second English Civil War, during which Thomas Harrison was wounded.

Transport

Appleby railway station on the Settle-Carlisle Line was opened by the Midland Railway in 1876. Appleby East station was built nearby by the North Eastern Railway. The former remains, but the latter closed in 1962, although it retains the potential for connection to the Eden Valley Railway.

Appleby dialect

The Appleby dialect is a variant of the Cumbrian dialect spoken around the Penrith and Eden district area.

Economy

Appleby is overlooked by the privately owned Appleby Castle, a largely Norman structure that served as home to Lady Anne Clifford in the 17th century. Appleby's main industry is tourism, through its history, remoteness and scenery, and its proximity to the Lake District, North Pennines, Swaledale and Howgill Fells.

From 1973 Ferguson Industrial Holdings Plc was based at Appleby Castle. WA Developments Limited, now Stobart Rail Limited, was long based in Appleby as a civil engineering firm founded by Andrew Tinkler and William Stobart, specialising in railway maintenance.

Appleby's economy is based mainly on the service sector, in small firms, eating houses and pubs. The private shops include butchers, grocers, bakers and newsagents. Appleby Creamery makes premium, hand-made cheeses, including Eden Valley Brie.

Notable people

A chronological list of notables from Appleby with a Wikipedia page:

  • Lady Anne Clifford (1590–1676), helped to shape Appleby by restoring the castle and refurbishing the churches. Her memorial stands beside her mother's in St Lawrence's Church, Boroughgate, where both are buried.
  • Thomas Barlow (1607/1608–1691), an English academic and clergyman who became Provost of Queen's College, Oxford and Bishop of Lincoln, was born at nearby Orton and attended Appleby Grammar School.
  • Saint John Boste (1544–1594), at nearby Dufton, attended Appleby Grammar school & Queens College Oxford. He is a saint in the Catholic Church and one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
  • William Stobart (born 1961), director and shareholder of Appleby-based WA Developments Ltd
  • Gavin Skelton (born 1981), football coach
  • Helen Skelton (born 1983), television presenter, attended Appleby Grammar School.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Appleby-in-Westmorland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.