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Arkansas County
Clockwise from top: a rice field on the Grand Prairie, the Yancopin Bridge over the Arkansas River, the Southern District Courthouse in DeWitt, the Northern District Courthouse in Stuttgart, Arkansas
Clockwise from top: a rice field on the Grand Prairie, the Yancopin Bridge over the Arkansas River, the Southern District Courthouse in DeWitt, the Northern District Courthouse in Stuttgart, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Arkansas County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
Founded December 13, 1813
Named for Arkansas River
Seat Stuttgart (north district);
De Witt (south district)
Largest city Stuttgart
Area
 • Total 1,033.79 sq mi (2,677.5 km2)
 • Land 988.49 sq mi (2,560.2 km2)
 • Water 45.30 sq mi (117.3 km2)  4.4%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 19,019
 • Estimate 
(2019)
17,486
 • Density 18.3974/sq mi (7.10326/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Arkansas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,019. Located in the Arkansas Delta, the county has two county seats, DeWitt and Stuttgart.

The first of the state's 75 present-day counties to be created, Arkansas County was formed on December 13, 1813, when this area was part of the Missouri Territory. The county was named after the Arkansas River (itself named for the Arkansas tribe), as was the subsequent Arkansas Territory. This was later split off from Missouri Territory and eventually admitted to the union as a state. The riverfront areas in the Arkansas Delta were developed for cotton plantations, based on the use of enslaved African Americans. Cotton was the major commodity crop before and after the Civil War. Other crops such as soybeans are also cultivated now, in industrial-scale production.

Arkansas County is one of seven present-day counties in the United States that have the same name as the state in which they are located.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,034 square miles (2,680 km2), of which 989 square miles (2,560 km2) is land and 45 square miles (120 km2) (4.4%) is water. It is the third-largest county in Arkansas by area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

The peak of population in the rural county was 1940. Mechanization and industrial-scale agriculture reduced the number of farm workers, and people have moved away because of the lack of opportunities.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,426
1840 1,346 −5.6%
1850 3,245 141.1%
1860 8,844 172.5%
1870 8,268 −6.5%
1880 8,038 −2.8%
1890 11,432 42.2%
1900 12,973 13.5%
1910 16,103 24.1%
1920 21,483 33.4%
1930 22,300 3.8%
1940 24,437 9.6%
1950 23,665 −3.2%
1960 23,355 −1.3%
1970 23,347 0.0%
1980 24,175 3.5%
1990 21,653 −10.4%
2000 20,749 −4.2%
2010 19,019 −8.3%
2020 17,149 −9.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2020

2020 Census

Arkansas County racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 11,575 67.5%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,138 24.13%
Native American 34 0.2%
Asian 94 0.55%
Pacific Islander 9 0.05%
Other/Mixed 663 3.87%
Hispanic or Latino 636 3.71%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 17,149 people, 7,491 households, and 4,723 families residing in the county.

2010 Census


Circle frame-1.svg

Racial/Ethnic Makeup of Arkansas County treating Hispanics as a Separate Category (2018)      White Non-Hispanic (70.0%)     Black Non-Hispanic (25.8%)     Native American Non-Hispanic (0.1%)     Asian Non-Hispanic (0.0%)     Pacific Islander Non-Hispanic (0.0%)     Other Non-Hispanic (0.0%)     Two or more races Non-Hispanic (1.0%)     Hispanic Any Race (3.1%)

As of the 2010 census, there were 19,019 people, 8,005 households, and 5,306 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 9,436 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.8% White, 24.5% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. 2.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,005 households, out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,230, and the median income for a family was $48,698. Males had a median income of $37,489 versus $25,607 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,142. About 13.1% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010, the largest denominational group was the Evangelical Protestants (with 7,709 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 2,500 adherents). Almost 29% of people in the county did not claim a religious tradition. The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 6,332 members) and The United Methodist Church (with 1,976 members).

Infrastructure

Aviation

Almyra M73
Almyra Municipal Airport

The county contains two public owned/public use airports: Almyra Municipal Airport and DeWitt Municipal Airport. Both are small, rural airports with over 50,000 annual operations, almost entirely agricultural spraying operations. Stuttgart Municipal Airport is located north of the city, in Prairie County. Arkansas County also contains 16 private airfields.

Major highways

  • US 63.svg US Route 63
  • US 79.svg US Route 79
  • US 165.svg US Route 165
  • Arkansas 1.svg Highway 1
  • Arkansas 11.svg Highway 11
  • Arkansas 17.svg Highway 17
  • Arkansas 33.svg Highway 33
  • Arkansas 44.svg Highway 44
  • Arkansas 130.svg Highway 130
  • Arkansas 144.svg Highway 144
  • Arkansas 146.svg Highway 146
  • Arkansas 152.svg Highway 152
  • Arkansas 153.svg Highway 153
  • Arkansas 169.svg Highway 169
  • Arkansas 276.svg Highway 276
  • Arkansas 343.svg Highway 343
  • Arkansas 980.svg Highway 980

Communities

Cities

Towns

Townships

Arkansas County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large
Townships in Arkansas County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Arkansas County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

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