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Aubusson
A general view of Aubusson
A general view of Aubusson
Coat of arms of Aubusson
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Creuse
Arrondissement Aubusson
Canton Aubusson
Intercommunality CC Creuse Grand Sud
Area
1
19.21 km2 (7.42 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
3,591
 • Density 186.93/km2 (484.16/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Aubussonnais
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
23008 /23200
Elevation 416–608 m (1,365–1,995 ft)
(avg. 512 m or 1,680 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Aubusson (Occitan auvergnat: Le Buçon, formerly Aubuçon) is a commune of the Creuse department in central France, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

History

In 1790, when the departments were created, Aubusson was named as district of the Creuse department and an arrondissement in 1800.

Geography

The commune of Aubusson is in the southern part of the department, at the confluence of the Creuse river and its tributary the Beauze river. The city is at the northeastern end of the Millevaches plateau.

It has an area of 19.2 km2 (7.4 sq mi), and its average altitude is 512 m (1,680 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 440 m (1,440 ft).

The city of Aubusson is at about 349 km (217 mi) from Bordeaux, at 350 km (220 mi) from Toulouse, at 401 km (249 mi) from Paris and at 270 km (170 mi) from Lyon.

Aubusson and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Aubusson

The communes that are around Aubusson are Blessac, Alleyrat, Saint-Maixant, Saint-Amand, Saint-Alpinien , Saint-Pardoux-le-Neuf, Moutier-Rozeille, Saint-Quentin-la-Chabanne and Saint-Marc-à-Frongier.

Aubusson has an oceanic climate with relatively hot summers, mild winters and abundant rainfall, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.

Population

The inhabitants of Aubusson are known, in French, as Aubussonnais (women: Aubussonnaises).

The commune of Aubusson has a population, in 2014, of 3,591; its population density is of 187.0 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Aubusson

Aubusson forms the urban area of Aubusson with a population of 3,679 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 192 km2 (74 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Aubusson, formed by 9 communes with a population of 6,386 inhabitants and an area of 1,362 km2 (526 sq mi).

Administration

Aubusson is the subprefecture of the Creuse department, the capital of the arrondissement of Aubusson and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the canton of Aubusson, with 9,437 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Creuse Grand Sud (French: Communauté de communes Creuse Grand Sud).

Tapestry

Aubusson is well known for its tapestry and carpets, which have been famous throughout the world since the 14th century. Its origins were born with the arrival of weavers from Flanders, who moved to Aubusson around 1580. There is a famous collection of Aubusson tapestries at Vallon-Pont-d'Arc.

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