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Barton-upon-Humber
Marketplace - Barton Upon Humber.jpg
Market Place, Barton-upon-Humber
Barton-upon-Humber is located in Lincolnshire
Barton-upon-Humber
Barton-upon-Humber
Population 11,066 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference TA030221
• London 150 mi (240 km) S
Civil parish
  • Barton
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARTON-UPON-HUMBER
Postcode district DN18
Dialling code 01652
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
  • Cleethorpes
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°41′00″N 0°27′00″W / 53.6833°N 0.4500°W / 53.6833; -0.4500

Barton-upon-Humber or Barton is a town and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England. The population at the 2011 census was 11,066. It is situated on the south bank of the Humber Estuary at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. It is 46 miles (74 km) east of Leeds, 6 miles (10 km) south-west of Kingston upon Hull and 31 miles (50 km) north north-east of the county town of Lincoln. Other nearby towns include Scunthorpe to the south-west and Grimsby to the south-east.

Geography

The Barton – Cleethorpes Branch Line (opened 1849) via Grimsby terminates at Barton-on-Humber railway station. The A15 passes to the west of the town cutting through Beacon Hill, and has a junction with the A1077 Ferriby Road to South Ferriby. The B1218 passes north-south through the town, and leads to Barton Waterside. Kimberly-Clark had a factory on Falkland Way close to the railway, known the Barton Plant; this area is known as the Humber Bridge Industrial Estate.

Barton is on the south bank of the Humber estuary and is at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. The Viking Way starts near the bridge.

History

Anglo-Saxons

Church of St. Peter - geograph.org.uk - 261529
Church of St Peter Barton-upon-Humber.

St Peter's Church has a Saxon tower. An Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemetery at Castledyke South, in use from the late 5th or early 6th century until the late 7th century, was investigated and partially excavated 1975–90: the skeletal remains of 227 individuals were identified, including one who had undergone (and survived) trepanning. The church was reopened in May 2007 as a resource for medical research into the development of diseases, and ossuary, containing the bones and skeletons of some 2,750 people whose remains were removed between 1978 and 1984 from the 1,000-year-old burial site, after the Church of England made the church redundant in 1972. The significance of the human remains lies in their representing the pathology of an isolated community over the period ca. 950-ca. 1850. An excavation report on one of England's most extensively investigated parish church, including a volume on the human remains, was published in 2007.

A ferry to Hull began in 1351, being granted by Edward II running until 1851, but this was superseded by a ferry at New Holland which began in 1820.

The Hopper Building - geograph.org.uk - 219530
The former head office of Elswick Hopper under conversion into flats (2006)

In 1880 Frank Hopper started a bicycle repair business in a former blacksmith's shop in the town. He soon began manufacturing bicycles, and after buying the Elswick Cycle Company of Elswick, Northumberland in 1910, and developed the renamed Elswick Hopper into a major manufacturer. Listed on the London Stock Exchange from 1930, the company had expanded into a diverse engineering, manufacturing and distribution conglomerate by the late 1970s. After moving residual UK bicycle manufacture to Brigg in the late 1980s, the now renamed Falcon Cycles division was sold to investors in the early 1990s. Elswick plc itself was sold in 1994, at which point it closed its offices in the town. The former head office at the junction of Brigg Road and Holydyke was converted into flats in 2006.

Barton Racing Pigeon Club was formed around 1971.

Churches

There are two churches in Barton-upon-Humber, St Peter's and St Mary's, located only about 170 yards apart. St Peter's is a large, mostly Anglo-Saxon church and predates St Mary's — which may have originated as a chapel on the original market place, enlarged and increasing in importance as the town's trade thrived in the 12th and 13th centuries.

Education

Baysgarth School, is a comprehensive school for ages 11–18 on Barrow Road. There are also three primary schools, St Peter's Church of England, on Marsh Lane; the Castledyke Primary School,(formerly Barton County School) on the B1218, and Bowmandale Primary School, in the south of the town.

Barton Grammar School, which opened in 1931, used to be on Caistor Road. Henry Treece, the poet and author, was a teacher at the grammar school.

Industry

For 20 years, Barton-upon-Humber was home to a 750,000 square foot site for Kimberly-Clark. The site closed in March 2013 and more than 200 jobs were lost.

Not long after the closure of the Kimberly Clark plant Wren Kitchens bought the site and moved to a new head office, 'The Nest', on the site. Wren Kitchens are one of the biggest employers in the area.

Education

Baysgarth School, on Barrow Road, is a comprehensive school for ages 11–18. There are also three primary schools: St Peter's Church of England, on Marsh Lane; the Castledyke Primary School (formerly Barton County School), on the B1218; and Bowmandale Primary School, in the south of the town.

Barton Grammar School, which opened in 1931, used to be on Caistor Road. Henry Treece, the poet and author, was a teacher at the grammar school.

Notable people

Notable people associated with Barton-upon-Humber
Name Image Occupation Dates Barton status Comments Reference
Frank Barton Footballer b.1947 Born in Barton-upon-Humber
Nancy Birtwhistle Chef Resident of Barton-upon-Humber Winner of BBC TV show The Great British Bake Off
Jamie Cann Politician 1946-2001 Born in Barton-upon-Humber MP for Ipswich
Janet E. Courtney Writer and scholar 1865-1954 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Writer and editor for the Encyclopædia Britannica. appointed an OBE and served as a Justice of the peace
Francis John French Civil servant 1941-2002 Awarded MBE in the 2002 New Year Honours
Ken H. Harrison Comic book artist b.1940 Drew Desperate Dan for the Dandy
David George Hogarth T.E. Lawrence; D.G. Hogarth; Lt. Col. Dawnay (Hogarth cropped).jpg Archaeologist 1862-1927 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford from 1909 to 1927
Thomas Johnson Botanist and teacher 1863-1954 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Fellow of the Linnean Society
Robert Elmer Kleason 1934-2003 Resident of Barton-upon-Humber from 1990
Ted Lewis Author 1940-1982 Resident of Barton-upon-Humber after c.1945 Lewis's best known work was adapted as the film Get Carter
David Mason Royal Marine and teacher Educated in Barton-upon-Humber 1986-1991 Awarded MBE in the 2021 New Year Honours
Paddy Mills Footballer 1900-1994 Grew up in Barton-upon-Humber
Philip Pape Sculptor and stonemason 1910-1982 Resident in Barton-upon-Humber from 1913. Lived in Tyrwhitt Hall 1960–1982.
Isaac Pitman Isaac Pitman.jpg Teacher 1813-1897 Resident and teacher in Barton-upon-Humber from c.1831-1835 Inventor of the Pitman shorthand method
Peter D. Robinson Bishop b.1969 Grew up in Barton-upon-Humber Presiding Bishop of the United Episcopal Church of North America
William Shaw Priest 18th Century Born in Barton-upon-Humber Founded Barton, Maryland, USA, in 1794
Margaret Sidell Local councillor Resident of Barton-upon-Humber Awarded the British Empire Medal in the 2022 New Year Honours for services to the local community of Barton.
Gilbert Sissons Priest 1870-1940 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Archdeacon of Gibraltar from 1916 to 1929 and of Italy and the French Riviera from 1929 to 1934
Henry Treece Poet and writer 1911-1966 Resident of Barton-upon-Humber
Chad Varah Priest 1911-2007 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Founder of the Samaritans and named after St Chad's Church on Waterside Road
Samuel Wilderspin Samuel Wilderspin Payne.jpg Educator 1791-1866 Teacher in Barton-upon-Humber Pioneer of infant education.
Vanessa Winship Photographer b.1960 Born in Barton-upon-Humber Winner of two World Press Photo Awards
Wendy Witter Councillor b.1936 Resident of Barton-upon-Humber Awarded MBE in the 1992 New Year Honours

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Barton-upon-Humber para niños

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