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Brookfield, New Hampshire facts for kids

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Brookfield, New Hampshire
Town
Town House in 1915
Town House in 1915
Official seal of Brookfield, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Carroll County, New Hampshire
Location in Carroll County, New Hampshire
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Carroll
Incorporated 1778
Area
 • Total 23.3 sq mi (60.2 km2)
 • Land 22.9 sq mi (59.2 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)  1.68%
Elevation 604 ft (184 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 712
 • Density 30.56/sq mi (11.827/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03872
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-07940
GNIS feature ID 0873553

Brookfield is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 712 at the 2010 census.

History

Settled in 1726 by Scottish-Irish immigrants, the town was first named Coleraine. Fertile ground made it popular with farmers. It was later renamed Brookfield, after Brookfield, Massachusetts, and made a part of Middleton. But in 1785 Brookfield petitioned, unsuccessfully, to be set off from Middleton. This was due to the division of the original town of Middleton into two parts by the long, high ridge of Moose Mountain, then a considerable obstacle to travel. Town meetings, traditionally held in the muddy season of March, were particularly difficult to attend for those beyond the ridge. In 1794, however, permission was granted, and Brookfield incorporated. And in 1840, when Carroll County was set off from Strafford County, Brookfield went with Carroll, and Middleton remained with Strafford.

In 1874, the Wolfeborough Branch Railroad passed through this town.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.3 square miles (60 km2), of which 22.9 sq mi (59 km2) is land and 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2) is water, comprising 1.68% of the town. Brookfield is drained primarily by the Branch River and Pike Brook, within the Piscataqua River (coastal) watershed, though the western edge of the town is in the Merrimack River watershed and the northernmost tip of the town is in the Saco River watershed. Copple Crown Mountain, the highest point in Brookfield, has an elevation of 1,868 feet (569 m) above sea level.

Brookfield is served by New Hampshire Route 109.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 504
1810 657 30.4%
1820 690 5.0%
1830 679 −1.6%
1840 553 −18.6%
1850 552 −0.2%
1860 510 −7.6%
1870 416 −18.4%
1880 428 2.9%
1890 349 −18.5%
1900 296 −15.2%
1910 247 −16.6%
1920 186 −24.7%
1930 166 −10.8%
1940 142 −14.5%
1950 159 12.0%
1960 145 −8.8%
1970 198 36.6%
1980 385 94.4%
1990 518 34.5%
2000 604 16.6%
2010 712 17.9%
Est. 2015 688 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 604 people, 236 households, and 180 families residing in the town. The population density was 26.4 people per square mile (10.2/km²). There were 280 housing units at an average density of 12.2 per square mile (4.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.01% White, 0.33% Native American, 0.17% Pacific Islander, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population.

There were 236 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $52,132, and the median income for a family was $54,688. Males had a median income of $36,154 versus $26,719 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,745. About 1.1% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over.

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