Castle Rock, Colorado facts for kids

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Castle Rock, Colorado
Home Rule Municipality
Location within Douglas County and Colorado
Location within Douglas County and Colorado
Location of Castle Rock in the State of Colorado
Location of Castle Rock in the State of Colorado
Country United States
State Colorado
County Douglas
Founded 1874
Incorporated (town) May 17, 1881
Area
 • Total 33.79 sq mi (87.5 km2)
 • Land 33.79 sq mi (87.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 6,224 ft (1,897 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 48,231
 • Estimate (2014) 55,747
 • Density 1,427.37/sq mi (551.11/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP Codes 80104, 80108, 80109
Area code(s) 303 & 720
INCITS place code 0812415
GNIS feature ID 0169449
Website www.townofcastlerock.com

Castle Rock is a home rule municipality that is the county seat of Douglas County, Colorado, United States. The most populous municipality of the county, the community's population was 48,231 at the 2010 United States Census, with an estimated population of 55,747 as of 2014. It is named for the prominent, castle tower-shaped butte near the center of town. Located midway between Denver and Colorado Springs, Castle Rock is part of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

History

Rocky Mountain Views - Castle Rock
The Denver and Rio Grande Railway's Castle Rock depot (1917)

The region in and around Castle Rock was originally home to the Arapaho and Cheyenne people. They occupied the land between the Arkansas and South Platte Rivers.

White settlers were drawn to the area by rumors of gold and by land opened through the Homestead Act of 1862. However, it was the discovery of rhyolite stone, not gold, that ultimately led to the settlement of Castle Rock.

Castle Rock was founded in 1874 when the eastern Douglas County border was redrawn to its present location. Castle Rock was chosen as the county seat because of its central location.

One of the first homesteaders in the area near today's Castle Rock was Jeremiah Gould. He owned about 160 acres (0.65 km2) to the south of "The (Castle) Rock." At that time, the settlement consisted of just a few buildings for prospectors, workers, and cowboys. In 1874, Jeremiah Gould donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) to the new town that was also now home to the Douglas County government. For the beginning the six streets named Elbert, Jerry, Wilcox, Perry, Castle and Front were laid out to build the actual town of Castle Rock. The Courthouse Square was defined and about 77 lots, each 50 by 112 feet (34 m), were auctioned off for a total profit of US$3,400.

A new train depot brought the Denver and Rio Grande Railway to the area.

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, Castle Rock had a very active Rhyolite quarrying industry. Many Swedish immigrants arrived in the area to work in the quarries.

Castle Rock currently encompasses about 35 square miles (91 km2), with a population of more than 42,000 in town and 70,000 in the surrounding area.

Geography

Castle Rock butte in Castle Rock Colorado
The town of Castle Rock is named after this prominent castle tower-shaped butte.

Castle Rock is located at 39°22′20″N 104°51′22″W / 39.37222°N 104.85611°W / 39.37222; -104.85611 (39.372212, -104.856090) at an elevation of 6,224 feet (1,897 m). Located in central Colorado at the junction of Interstate 25 and State Highway 86, Castle Rock is 28 mi (45 km) south of downtown Denver and 37 mi (60 km) north of Colorado Springs.

The town lies a few miles east of the Rampart Range of the Rocky Mountains on the western edge of the Great Plains. Castle Rock, the butte that is the town's namesake, sits just north of the town center. Other prominent landforms visible from Castle Rock include Dawson Butte, Devils Head, Mount Evans and Pikes Peak.

East Plum Creek, a stream within the South Platte River watershed, flows generally north through Castle Rock. Hangman's Gulch, which runs northwest then west around the north side of the town center, drains into East Plum Creek as do multiple unnamed gulches in the southern and western areas of town. McMurdo Gulch and Mitchell Gulch run north then northeast through eastern Castle Rock and drain into Cherry Creek east of town.

Castle Rock is within the Colorado Foothills Life Zone.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Castle Rock has a total area of 33.79 square miles (87.5 km2), all of it land.

Lying within the Front Range Urban Corridor, the town is part of the greater Denver metropolitan area. Castle Rock borders three communities, all to its north; from west to east, these are Castle Pines Village, the city of Castle Pines, and The Pinery. Other nearby communities include Franktown to the east, Larkspur to the south, Perry Park to the southwest, and Sedalia to the northwest.

Climate

Castle Rock experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry, snowy winters and hot, wetter summers. On average, the town receives 18.79 inches (477 mm) of precipitation annually. Snowfall averages 61.8 inches (157 cm) per year. On average, January is the coldest month, July is the hottest month, and August is the month with the most precipitation. The hottest temperature recorded in Castle Rock was 99 °F (37 °C) in July 1973; the coldest temperature recorded was −35 °F (−37 °C) in January 1963.

Climate data for Castle Rock, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(22.8)
75
(23.9)
80
(26.7)
91
(32.8)
94
(34.4)
98
(36.7)
99
(37.2)
98
(36.7)
94
(34.4)
91
(32.8)
78
(25.6)
71
(21.7)
99
(37.2)
Average high °F (°C) 45.5
(7.5)
46.4
(8)
52.6
(11.44)
59.2
(15.11)
69.0
(20.56)
79.0
(26.11)
85.2
(29.56)
82.7
(28.17)
75.6
(24.22)
64.6
(18.11)
53.2
(11.78)
44.7
(7.06)
63.14
(17.301)
Daily mean °F (°C) 31.7
(-0.17)
33.0
(0.56)
39.4
(4.11)
46.0
(7.78)
55.5
(13.06)
64.6
(18.11)
70.4
(21.33)
68.6
(20.33)
60.7
(15.94)
49.6
(9.78)
39.1
(3.94)
31.2
(-0.44)
49.15
(9.528)
Average low °F (°C) 17.8
(-7.89)
19.7
(-6.83)
26.2
(-3.22)
32.7
(0.39)
42.0
(5.56)
50.3
(10.17)
55.7
(13.17)
54.4
(12.44)
45.8
(7.67)
34.6
(1.44)
24.9
(-3.94)
17.6
(-8)
35.14
(1.745)
Record low °F (°C) −35
(-37.2)
−29
(-33.9)
−14
(-25.6)
−7
(-21.7)
18
(-7.8)
28
(-2.2)
39
(3.9)
35
(1.7)
15
(-9.4)
−3
(-19.4)
−18
(-27.8)
−26
(-32.2)
−35
(-37.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.62
(15.7)
0.65
(16.5)
1.83
(46.5)
2.20
(55.9)
2.18
(55.4)
2.05
(52.1)
2.46
(62.5)
2.71
(68.8)
1.24
(31.5)
1.11
(28.2)
1.00
(25.4)
0.74
(18.8)
18.79
(477.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 8.2
(20.8)
7.2
(18.3)
14.7
(37.3)
9.2
(23.4)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
3.5
(8.9)
7.0
(17.8)
11.0
(27.9)
61.8
(157)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.5 3.8 5.3 5.7 7.9 7.6 7.4 9.4 5.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 67.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.1 3.5 3.9 3.1 0.4 0 0 0 0.3 1.1 2.9 3.7 21.9
Source: National Weather Service; The Weather Channel

Neighborhoods

Castle Rock's postal codes include many neighborhoods:

Meadows, Founders and Crystal Valley Ranch

Map of Neighborhoods in the Meadows Castle Rock

Link to a Map of the Neighborhoods in Castle Rock, Colorado

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 88
1890 315 258.0%
1900 304 −3.5%
1910 365 20.1%
1920 461 26.3%
1930 478 3.7%
1940 580 21.3%
1950 741 27.8%
1960 1,152 55.5%
1970 1,531 32.9%
1980 3,921 156.1%
1990 8,708 122.1%
2000 20,224 132.2%
2010 48,231 138.5%
Est. 2015 55,591 15.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, there were 48,231 people, 16,688 households, and 12,974 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,526.3 people per square mile (589.3/km²). There were 17,626 housing units at an average density of 557.8 per square mile (215.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.7% White, 1.7% Asian, 1.1% African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 10.0% of the population.

There were 16,688 households out of which 48.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86, and the average family size was 3.27.

In the town, the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males age 18 and over.

The median income for a household in the town was $85,461, and the median income for a family was $95,973. Males had a median income of $66,993 versus $47,087 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,089. About 4.0% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Castle Rock is the 17th most populous municipality in Colorado and is the center of the burgeoning urbanization of the county.

Parks and recreation

Castle Rock's open space and parks comprise 27% the town’s total land area (5,415 acres (21.91 km2) of parks and open space / 20,224 acres (81.84 km2) total land area). Additionally, there are nearly 75 miles (121 km) of soft-surface and paved trails.

  • Parks - Baldwin Park, Bison Park, Butterfield Park, Castle Highlands Park, Castle North Park, Castlewood Canyon State Park, Centennial Park, Festival Park, Founders Park, Gemstone Park, Glovers Tot Lot, Matney Park, Metzler Ranch Park, Mitchell Gulch Park, Paintbrush Park, Plum Creek Park, Rhyolite Regional Park, Rosecrown Park.
  • Trails & Open Space - East Plum Creek Trail, Gateway Mesa Open Space, Hidden Mesa Open Space, Memmen Ridge Open Space, Mitchell Creek Canyon Trail, Mitchell Creek Trail System, Native Legend Open Space, Quarry Mesa Open Space, Ridgeline Open Space, Rock Park, The Bowl.

Culture

Castle Rock, CO, Museum IMG 5199
Castle Rock Museum (2010)

Points of interest

The Castle Rock Historical Museum is located in the former Denver and Rio Grande Railway depot building on Elbert Street. This building is purported to have been built in 1875. It is made of rhyolite taken from local quarries. In this museum visitors can see history of how Castle Rock changed over the years.

The Sri Venkateswara Temple's 8 acre complex located on Ridge Road is a significant landmark for the Hindu community of Colorado, attracting regular worshipers from as far away as Colorado Springs and Denver. The Temple also invites Swami's to lecture, offers classes, and undertakes outreach and service programs in the community.

Sports

From 1986 through 2006, a professional golf tournament was held in Castle Pines Village. The International, a PGA Tour event, was held in August at the Castle Pines Golf Club.

In the media

In the 2000s, Castle Rock developed a positive reputation in American media as an affordable and family-friendly community:

  • In 2014, Money magazine ranked Castle Rock No. 4 in the nation in its list of the “Best Places to Live 2014". "Our reporters then visit 35 of the top ranking places to choose a top 10 that not only look good on paper, but also have happy residents, manageable traffic, attractive parks and gathering places, plus intangibles like community spirit. "
  • Money magazine ranked Castle Rock No. 19 in the nation in 2011 and No. 16 in 2012 its list of the “100 Best Places to Live in America". Ranking methodology was based on job growth, home affordability, safety, school quality, health care, arts and leisure, diversity and several ease-of-living criteria.
  • Family Circle magazine ranked Castle Rock No. 1 in the nation in its list of the “10 Best Towns for Families," August 2010. The article shares the results of the magazine’s quest to identify "the best communities across the country that combine big-city opportunities with suburban charm" and "an ideal blend of affordable houses, good jobs, top-rated schools, wide-open spaces and a lot less stress." This is Castle Rock's second time making Family Circle's top ten list. In the August 2007 issue Castle Rock was ranked No. 9.
  • Forbes magazine named Castle Rock No. 5 of “America's 25 Best Places To Move,” 7 July 2009
  • Money magazine ranked Douglas County No. 5 in the United States for “Job Growth over the Last Eight Years”. (Towns include Castle Rock, Parker, Stonegate, Lone Tree, and Highlands Ranch), 18 August 2009
  • American City Business Journals (ACBJ) ranked Douglas County No. 4 in the nation for “Quality of Life,” May 2004
  • Denver Business Journal reported that Castle Rock was ranked No. 6 on Gadberry Group’s list of "2008 High-Growth Areas in the United States". 9 January 2009

Gallery

Images for kids


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