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Charles Edward Stuart
"Charles III"
Charles Edward Stuart (1775).jpg
King Charles III in 1775
Jacobite pretender
Pretendence 1 January 1766 – 31 January 1788
Predecessor James III and VIII
Successor Henry IX (brother)
Born (1720-12-31)31 December 1720
Palazzo Muti, Rome
Died 31 January 1788(1788-01-31) (aged 67)
Palazzo Muti, Rome
Burial St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
Spouse Louise of Stolberg-Gedern
Issue Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany (illegitimate)
Full name
Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Severino Maria Stuart
House House of Stuart
Father James III & VIII
Mother Maria Klementyna Sobieska
Religion Roman Catholic

Charles Edward Stuart (Prince Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart, 31 December 1720 - 31 January 1788) is better known as Bonnie Prince Charlie or as 'The Young Pretender'.

Bonnie Prince Charlie was the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. This claim was as the eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart, and grandson of James II and VII.

Charles is perhaps best known as the leading the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745. He led a rebellion which ended in a heavy defeat at the Battle of Culloden. That ended the Jacobite cause. Charles's escape from Scotland after the uprising made him a romantic figure of heroic failure. The Skye Boat Song remembers him.

He lived, and died, in Rome, where his father had been given a home by Clement XI.

Lost Portrait of Charles Edward Stuart
The lost portrait of Charles Edward Stuart by Allan Ramsay, 1745

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