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Chattahoochee, Florida

The Hooch
Chattahoochee City Hall
Chattahoochee City Hall
"A Great Place to Live and Retire"
Location in Gadsden County and the state of Florida
Location in Gadsden County and the state of Florida
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Gadsden
 • Type City Council
 • Total 5.79 sq mi (15.01 km2)
 • Land 5.60 sq mi (14.51 km2)
 • Water 0.19 sq mi (0.50 km2)
236 ft (72 m)
 • Total 2,955
 • Density 527.58/sq mi (203.71/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 850
FIPS code 12-11800
GNIS feature ID 0280346

Chattahoochee is a city in Gadsden County, Florida, United States. The population was 3,652 as of the 2010 census, up from 3,287 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Tallahassee, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. Chattahoochee sits on the banks of the Apalachicola River, and is separated by the Apalachicola and Victory bridges from neighboring Sneads, Florida, which is in Jackson County. Chattahoochee has its own police force with over ten sworn officers and a police chief. Chattahoochee is a name derived from the Creek language meaning "marked rocks".


Chattahoochee FL sign US90
The sign for Chattahoochee on U.S. Route 90

Chattahoochee is located in the northwest corner of Gadsden County at 30°42′N 84°51′W (30.703,-84.847). It is bordered to the west by the Apalachicola River, formed by the juncture of the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers within Lake Seminole just north of the city. The northern border of Chattahoochee follows the Florida–Georgia state line, and the Apalachicola River forms the Gadsden–Jackson county line.

U.S. Route 90 passes through the middle of Chattahoochee as Washington Street; it leads southeast 19 miles (31 km) to Quincy, the Gadsden County seat, and west 5 miles (8 km) to Sneads and 24 miles (39 km) to Marianna. Tallahassee, the state capital, is 43 miles (69 km) to the southeast. Main Street (Little Sycamore Road outside the city limits) leads south 6 miles (10 km) via Flat Creek Road to Interstate 10 at Exit 166.

The southern part of the city includes the community of River Junction at 30°41′N 84°50′W (30.686,-84.841). In the mid-1880s, River Junction was established as a railroad connection point between the Florida Central & Western, later the Seaboard Air Line, and the Pensacola & Atlantic. The connecting track survives.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Chattahoochee has a total area of 5.7 square miles (14.7 km2), of which 5.5 square miles (14.2 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2), or 3.30%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 383
1930 5,624
1940 7,110 26.4%
1950 8,473 19.2%
1960 9,699 14.5%
1970 7,944 −18.1%
1980 5,332 −32.9%
1990 4,382 −17.8%
2000 3,287 −25.0%
2010 3,652 11.1%
2020 2,955 −19.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,287 people, 1,035 households, and 675 families residing in the city. The population density was 602.7 inhabitants per square mile (232.9/km2). There were 1,188 housing units at an average density of 217.8 per square mile (84.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 50.71% White, 46.73% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.56% of the population.

There were 1,035 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 17.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 116.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,250, and the median income for a family was $35,139. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $24,531 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,265. About 21.0% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.5% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Historic places

Florida State Hospital, the hospital involved in the famous United States Supreme Court decision, O'Connor v. Donaldson, is located within the City. The former arsenal and current Administration Building of Florida State Hospital is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (Building - #73000578) .


Gadsden County School District operates public schools.

The community is served by Chattahoochee Elementary School. In Fall 2018 it will become a Pre-K to Kindergarten early learning center. Students in grades 1-3 will move to Greensboro Primary School and students in grades 4-5 will move to West Gadsden Middle School. The sole public high school of the county is Gadsden County High School (formerly East Gadsden High School).

Until 2004 Chattahoochee High School served as the community middle and high school. That year it consolidated into West Gadsden High School. As of 2017 East Gadsden became the only remaining zoned high school in the county due to the consolidation of West Gadsden High's high school section into East Gadsden High.

Notable person

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