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Civil Police (Brazil) facts for kids

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Civil Police Helicopter

In Brazil, the Civil Police (called the ''Polícía Civil'' in Portuguese) is the country's investigative state police forces. The Civil Police are under the authority of the federative units of Brazil. The federative units' job is to protect public safety and keep public order. Article 144 of the Federal Constitution of 1988 gives this job to the federative units (and their agency, the Civil Police).

Each of the states of Brazil has its own "Civil Police Department", which carries out detective work, forensics and criminal investigation. Each Civil Police Department acts as a state bureau of investigation.


Police station - Rio de Janeiro

The Civil Police of Brazil began as the General Intendancy of Police, created in Rio de Janeiro on 10 May 1808. The General Intendancy was later re-organized and renamed the Civil Police. With the transference of the Portuguese Royal Family to Brazil in 1808, the Police started to be regulated, have structure and important social role.


There are 27 civil police forces in Brazil, one for each state. They are directed by a Head of Police, who is elected. Judiciary police have control over small cities or quarters of the large cities.

Civil polices of Brazil

Viatura - 2009
Rio de Janeiro
Furgão da perícia
Mobile Forensic Unit - Rio de Janeiro
Viatura PCERJ 2010
A police car - Rio de Janeiro

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Policía civil de Brasil para niños

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