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Clayton County, Georgia facts for kids

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Clayton County, Georgia
Map
Map of Georgia highlighting Clayton County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 30, 1858
Seat Jonesboro
Largest City Forest Park
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

144 sq mi (373 km²)
142 sq mi (368 km²)
2.8 sq mi (7 km²), 1.9%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

273,955
1,832/sq mi (707/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.claytoncountyga.gov/
Named for: Augustin Smith Clayton

Clayton County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 259,424. The county seat is Jonesboro.

Clayton County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is the home of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport.

History

The county was established in 1858 and named in honor of Augustin Smith Clayton (1783–1839), who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1832 until 1835.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 144 square miles (370 km2), of which 142 square miles (370 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (1.9%) is water. It is the third-smallest county by area in Georgia.

The eastern portion of Clayton County, between Forest Park and Lovejoy, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The western portion of the county is located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,466
1870 5,477 22.6%
1880 8,027 46.6%
1890 8,295 3.3%
1900 9,598 15.7%
1910 10,453 8.9%
1920 11,159 6.8%
1930 10,260 −8.1%
1940 11,655 13.6%
1950 22,872 96.2%
1960 46,365 102.7%
1970 98,043 111.5%
1980 150,357 53.4%
1990 182,052 21.1%
2000 236,517 29.9%
2010 259,467 9.7%
Est. 2015 273,955 5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 259,424 people residing in the county. 66.1% were Black or African American, 18.9% White, 5.0% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.1% from some other race and 2.5% from two or more races. 13.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the 2000 census, there were 236,517 people, 82,243 households, and 59,214 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,658 people per square mile (640/km²). There were 86,461 housing units at an average density of 606 per square mile (234/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 37.94% White, 51.55% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 4.49% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 3.55% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. 7.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Estimated 2006 population is 271,240, with a racial make-up of 20.4% white non-Hispanic, 62.9% African American, 5% Asian, 11.3% Hispanic or Latino, 0.4% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.1% Pacific Islander. 1.5% were reported as multi-racial.

There were 82,243 households out of which 40.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.70% were married couples living together, 20.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 35.40% from 25 to 44, 18.40% from 45 to 64, and 5.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,697, and the median income for a family was $46,782. Males had a median income of $32,118 versus $26,926 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,079. About 8.20% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

The last quarter-century has seen significant change in the racial composition of the county's population. In 1980, Clayton county's population was 150,357 — 91% white and 9% minority, while in 2006 the population was approximately 271,240 — 20% white and 80% minority.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 259,424 people, 90,633 households, and 62,389 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,832.5 inhabitants per square mile (707.5/km2). There were 104,705 housing units at an average density of 739.6 per square mile (285.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 66.1% black or African American, 18.9% white, 5.0% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 7.1% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, and 4.9% were American.

Of the 90,633 households, 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, and 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.37. The median age was 31.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,311 and the median income for a family was $48,064. Males had a median income of $36,177 versus $32,460 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,958. About 13.6% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Airports

Major highways

  • I-75.svg Interstate 75
  • I-85.svg Interstate 85
  • I-285.svg Interstate 285
  • I-675.svg Interstate 675
  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 3 Connector.svg State Route 3 Connector
  • Georgia 14.svg State Route 14
  • Georgia 33.svg State Route 33
  • Georgia 42.svg State Route 42
  • Georgia 54.svg State Route 54
  • Georgia 65.svg State Route 65
  • Georgia 85.svg State Route 85
  • Georgia 138.svg State Route 138
  • Georgia 138 Spur.svg State Route 138 Spur
  • Georgia 139.svg State Route 139
  • Georgia 314.svg State Route 314
  • Georgia 331.svg State Route 331
  • Georgia 401.svg State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)
  • Georgia 403.svg State Route 403 (unsigned designation for I-85)
  • Georgia 407.svg State Route 407 (unsigned designation for I-285)
  • Georgia 413.svg State Route 413 (unsigned designation for I-675)

Mass transit

Bus

MARTA and Xpress GA / RTA commuter buses serve the County.

Rail

There is commuter rail service in the planning stages along the Norfolk Southern line, with proposed stations in Forest Park, Morrow, Jonesboro, and initially ending at Lovejoy. This line is projected to run to Macon eventually. However, it has been repeatedly stalled by the Georgia General Assembly, despite having federal funding already available for it.

The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority's Airport station is located in Clayton.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

  • Arrowhead District
  • Botany Woods
  • Clayton Panhandle
  • Ellenwood
  • Flint River District
  • Flintwoods
  • Lake Harbin
  • Lake Spivey
  • Mountain View
  • North Jonesboro
  • Old Dixie
  • Old South
  • Rex
  • Valley Hill

In popular culture

Parts of Margaret Mitchell's epic 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and the famous 1939 motion picture Gone with the Wind were set in Clayton County, including the location of the fictional plantation, Tara. Tara Boulevard was named for the plantation, and is the main north/south road through the county, carrying U.S. 41 and lesser-known State Route 3. Parts of the novels Rhett Butler's People and Scarlett and the Scarlett TV Mini-Series also took place in Clayton County. Rhett Butler's People is a prequel, sequel, and companion to Gone with the Wind. Scarlett is a sequel to Gone with the Wind, also and also takes place briefly in Clayton County. In the above-mentioned novels, the fictional Twelve Oaks Plantation and others mentioned in the novels above, are located in and around Clayton County.

The 2012 film Flight features Clayton County throughout the film, with Hall's Flying Ranch in Hampton, Georgia, doubling as Denzel Washington's character's childhood home.

Parts of the film Smokey and the Bandit were also shot in and around Clayton County, namely in Jonesboro, as evidenced by a sign in the background of one of the scenes. Even though this particular scene was supposed to be set in Arkansas, a "Willow Bend" sign advertising brick homes in Clayton County can be spotted behind Sheriff George Branford. Many back roads and the movie town of Texarkana are actually the roads and the town of Jonesboro.

Trinidad James filmed his music video for the song "All Gold Everything" in Clayton County

Rap artist Waka Flocka Flame is also from Clayton County as he resides in Riverdale, Georgia.

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