Fulton County, Georgia facts for kids
|Fulton County, Georgia|
Location in the state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 20, 1853|
534 sq mi (1,383 km²)
527 sq mi (1,365 km²)
7.7 sq mi (20 km²), 1.4%
1,892/sq mi (731/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Fulton County is a county in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2015 estimates, the population was 1,010,562 making it Georgia's most populous county and the only county with over 1 million inhabitants. Its county seat is Atlanta, the state capital since 1868. Ninety percent of the City of Atlanta is within Fulton County (the other 10% lies within DeKalb County). Fulton County is the principal county of the Atlanta metropolitan area.
Fulton County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Fulton County was created in 1853 from the western half of DeKalb County. It was named in honor of Hamilton Fulton, a surveyor for the Western and Atlantic Railroad; some sources had previously incorrectly claimed it was named for Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat. Organized as settlement increased in the Piedmont section of upland Georgia, Fulton County grew rapidly after the American Civil War as Atlanta was rebuilt, becoming a center of railroad shipping, industry and business.
At the beginning of 1932, as an austerity measure to save money during the Great Depression, Milton County to the north and Campbell County to the southwest were annexed by Fulton County. This gave the county its current long shape along 80 miles (130 km) of the Chattahoochee River. On May 9 of that year, neighboring Cobb County ceded to Fulton County the city of Roswell and lands lying east of Willeo Creek, in order that the latter county be more contiguous with the lands ceded from Milton County.
In the later 20th century, Atlanta and Fulton county became the location of numerous national and international headquarters for leading companies, attracting workers from around the country. As a result, the city and county became more cosmopolitan and diverse.
Fulton County's budget of $1.2 billion funds an array of resident services. With 34 branches, the Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System is one of the largest library systems in Georgia.
Human services programs include one of the strongest senior center networks in metro Atlanta, including four multi-purpose senior facilities. The county also provides funding to nonprofits with FRESH and Human Services grants.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 534 square miles (1,380 km2), of which 527 square miles (1,360 km2) is land and 7.7 square miles (20 km2) (1.4%) is water. The shape of the county resembles a sword with its handle at the northeastern part, and the tip at the southwestern portion.
Going from north to south, the northernmost portion of Fulton County, encompassing Milton and northern Alpharetta, is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). The rest of north and central Fulton, to downtown Atlanta, is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The bulk of south Fulton County, from Atlanta to Palmetto, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Lake Harding sub-basin of the larger ACF River Basin, with just the eastern edges of south Fulton, from Palmetto northeast through Union Hill to Hapeville, in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the same larger ACF River Basin.
National protected areas
- Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area (part)
- Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site
Almost every major highway, and every major Interstate highway, in metro Atlanta passes through Fulton County. Outside Atlanta proper, Georgia 400 is the major highway through north Fulton, and Interstate 85 to the southwest.
- State Route 3
- State Route 3 Connector
- State Route 6
- State Route 8
- State Route 9
- State Route 10
- State Route 13
- State Route 14
- State Route 14 Alternate
- State Route 14 Connector
- State Route 42
- State Route 42 Connector
- State Route 42 Spur
- State Route 54
- State Route 54 Connector
- State Route 70
- State Route 74
- State Route 92
- State Route 120
- State Route 138
- State Route 139
- State Route 140
- State Route 141
- State Route 154
- State Route 154 Connector
- State Route 166
- State Route 236
- State Route 237
- State Route 279
- State Route 280
- State Route 372
- State Route 400
- State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)
- State Route 402 (unsigned designation for I-20)
- State Route 403 (unsigned designation for I-85)
- State Route 407 (unsigned designation for I-285)
- Abernathy Road
- East Wesley Road
- Freedom Parkway (Georgia 10)
- Glenridge Drive
- Hammond Drive
- Johnson Ferry Road
- Lindbergh Drive (Georgia 236)
- Memorial Drive (Georgia 154)
- Moreland Avenue (U.S. 23/Georgia 42)
- Mount Vernon Highway
- Peachtree Road (Georgia 141)
- Peachtree-Dunwoody Road
- Piedmont Road (Georgia 237)
- Ponce de Leon Avenue (U.S. 23/29/78/278/Georgia 8/10)
- Powers Ferry Road
- Roswell Road (U.S. 19/Georgia 9)
- Windsor Parkway
MARTA serves most of the county, and along with Clayton and Dekalb County, Fulton pays a 1% sales tax to fund it. MARTA train service in Fulton is currently limited to the cities of Atlanta, Sandy Springs, East Point, and College Park, as well as the airport. Bus service covers most of the remainder, except the rural areas in the far southwest. North Fulton residents have been asking for service, to extend the North Line ten miles (16 km) up the Georgia 400 corridor, from Perimeter Center to the fellow edge city of Alpharetta. However, as the only major transit system in the country that its state government will not fund, there is no money to expand the system. Sales taxes now go entirely to operating, maintaining, and refurbishing the system. Xpress GA/ RTA provides commuter bus service from the outer suburbs of Fulton County, the city of Sandy Springs to Midtown and Downtown Atlanta.
Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport straddles the border with Clayton County to the south and is the busiest airport in the world. The Fulton County Airport, often called Charlie Brown Field after politician Charles M. Brown, is located just west-southwest of Atlanta's city limit. It is run by the county as a municipal or general aviation airport, serving business jets and private aircraft.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 920,581 people, 376,377 households, and 209,215 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,748.0 inhabitants per square mile (674.9/km2). There were 437,105 housing units at an average density of 830.0 per square mile (320.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 44.5% white, 44.1% black or African American, 5.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.4% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 7.7% were English, 7.2% were German, 6.3% were Irish, and 5.4% were American.
Of the 376,377 households, 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.7% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.4% were non-families, and 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 34.2 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $56,709 and the median income for a family was $75,579. Males had a median income of $56,439 versus $42,697 for females. The per capita income for the county was $37,211. About 12.0% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.
- Birmingham (now within Milton)
- Campbellton (now within South Fulton)
- Ocee (now within Johns Creek)
- Red Oak (now within South Fulton)
- Rico (now within Chattahoochee Hills)
- Sandtown (now within South Fulton)
- Serenbe (village within Chattahoochee Hills)
- Shakerag (within Johns Creek)
- Warsaw (now within Johns Creek)
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