Douglas County, Georgia facts for kids

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Douglas County, Georgia
Seal of Douglas County, Georgia
Map

Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1870
Seat Douglasville
Largest City Douglasville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

201 sq mi (521 km²)
200 sq mi (518 km²)
1.0 sq mi (3 km²), 0.5%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

140,733
662/sq mi (256/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website:
www.douglascountygeorgia.com http://www.celebratedouglascounty.com/
www.douglascountygeorgia.com
Named for: Stephen A. Douglas

Douglas County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 132,403, nearly double that in 1990. The county seat is Douglasville.

Douglas County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It has attracted new residents as jobs have increased in the Atlanta area.

History

Formed in 1870 during Reconstruction after the US Civil War, Douglas County was named after Stephen A. Douglas, an Illinois senator and the Democratic opponent of Abraham Lincoln in the presidential election of 1860.

According to a historical marker:

"This county, created by Act of the Legislature October 1, 1870, was named for Stephen A. Douglas, the "Little Giant," a Vermonter who was Congressman from Illinois 1843 to '47, Senator from '47 to '61, and Democratic candidate for President in 1860 on the ticket with gov. Herschel V. Johnson, of Georgia, for Vice President. Among the first County Officers were: sheriff T.H. Sellman, Clerk of Superior Court A.L. Gorman, Ordinary Wm. Hindman, Tax Receiver Jno. M. James, Tax Collector M.D. Watkins, Treasurer C.P. Bower, Surveyor John M. Hughey. The county was created from the part of Campbell county which was northwest of the Chattahoochee River. The remainder of Campbell became southwest Fulton at the beginning of 1932."

The Oct. 17, 1870 act creating Douglas County provided that in November 1870, voters of the new county would elect county officers, and vote to select the site of the county seat. In the election, some voters chose a site near the center of the county, but a larger number voted for the settlement known as "Skinned Chestnut" or "Skin(t) Chestnut," based on a Creek Indian landmark tree. The courthouse commissioners chose this site as county seat and proceeded to sell lots and build a courthouse. It later changed its name to Douglasville.

A group of citizens filed suit against the commissioners. The case ultimately went to the Supreme Court of Georgia, which ruled against the commissioners. Both sides agreed to postpone further action until the route of the Georgia Western Railroad through Douglas County was determined. The General Assembly enacted legislation on Feb. 28, 1874, directing that an election be held on Apr. 7, 1874, to determine the location of the county seat—but with the provision that the site be located on the Georgia Western Railroad. In the election, voters confirmed Douglasville as the county seat. On Feb. 25, 1875, the General Assembly incorporated Douglasville.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 201 square miles (520 km2), of which 200 square miles (520 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Douglas County's elevation above sea level ranges as low as 740 feet (230 m) at the Chattahoochee River to as high as 1,340 feet (410 m); one of the county's highest elevation points lies inside the city of Douglasville. Andy Mountain, between Villa Rica and Winston – west of Douglasville along Bankhead Highway, has the highest elevation in Douglas County. Two other elevated summits are located in the county, known as Cedar Mountain at 1,257 feet (383 m)), and Pine Mountain at 1,180 feet (360 m).

Douglas County sits in Georgia's Piedmont region, which makes its elevation vary due to many rolling hills that Douglas County sits on near the tail end of the Appalachian Mountains. There are no high mountain peaks in Douglas County, just a range of ridges, hills and valleys.

The entirety of Douglas County is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Lake Harding sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).

Location Height
Andy Mountain 1,340 feet (408 m)
Cedar Mountain 1,257 feet (383 m)
Winston 1,221 feet (372 m)
Downtown Douglasville 1,209 feet (369 m)
Beulah 1,184 feet (361 m)
Pine Mountain 1,180 feet (360 m)
White City 1,177 feet (359 m)
Fairplay 1,170 feet (357 m)
Wellstar Douglas Hospital 1,120 feet (341 m)
Midway 1,080 feet (329 m)
Hannah 1,077 feet (328 m)
McWhorter 1,067 feet (325 m)
Lithia Springs 1,043 feet (318 m)
Villa Rica 1,040 feet (317 m)
Groovers Lake 905 feet (276 m)

Bodies of water

  • The Chattahoochee River borders the county to the east and southeast.
  • Sweetwater Creek runs in the eastern side of the county in the Lithia Springs area. The USGS stream gauge (NWS identifier AUSG1) at Lithia Springs is considered to be "near Austell" by the National Weather Service, however, even though that city is further away and in Cobb and not Douglas.
  • George Sparks Reservoir makes its home at Sweetwater Creek State Park.
  • The Dog River is a small, almost creek like river in the western side of Douglas county and travels south and eastward until it ends at the Dog River Reservoir in the southern part of the county.
  • The Dog River Reservoir is Douglas County's main source of drinking water, and also serves as a recreational lake for residents of the county.

All of these had massive flooding during the 2009 Atlanta floods.

Climate

Douglas County has been experiencing numerous natural disasters over the most recent decades. Being located in the South Eastern United States the county experiences strong storms and tornadoes often because of its location in Dixie Alley.

A tornado touched down in the city of Douglasville on March 7, 2008 damaging many homes and ripping one home in half in the Brookmont subdivision on Chapel Hill Road. Arbor Place Mall also reported broken windows from the storm. The tornado also damaged the Chapel Hill Kroger grocery store and threw a heavy air conditioning unit onto cars below. There was only one injury reported from the storm.

Another tornado touched down in Douglas County on May 11, 2008, known as the "Mother's Day Tornado". The EF2 tornado caused damage all over the county. The tornado touched down in the Fairplay area and moved through the rest of the county. The tornado packing wind speeds up to 110 mph (180 km/h) downed many trees and damaged many homes in the county. A gas station in Douglasville was destroyed by the storm, with the large roof being thrown onto the street. No injuries or deaths were reported. The governor of Georgia declared a state of emergency for Douglas County and many other counties in the state on May 12, 2008. This is the first time in history that two tornados have touched down in Douglas County in the same year.

The county has suffered through numerous ice storms throughout the years. The ice storms bring everything to a stand still in the area due to the lack of equipment to deal with the problem and drastic amounts of power outages. Some of the worst ice storms were in 1938, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2005, and 2010.

In 2007 the county suffered one of the worst droughts in the areas history, causing a complete watering ban and resulting in the largest wildfire in Georgia history. The fire was located in south east Georgia, but it still affected the county with smoke often through the life of the fire.

In 2005 Hurricane Katrina's remnants tore through the area spawning tornadoes, causing wind damage, and flooding rains. Katrina killed 2 people in Georgia

Sunday night on January 9, 2011, Right after Douglasville's first white Christmas in decades, a snowstorm developed over Douglas County and caused as much as 8 inches of snow in the area. The storm closed grocery stores, the courthouse, and arbor place mall until that Wednesday January 12. Schools were closed the entire second week of January.

The "Storm of the Century" (1993) in March 1993 brought 17 inches (43 cm) to Douglasville, with drifts measuring several feet.

On September 21, 2009 Douglas County was devastated by the worst flood in Georgia history. Over 18 inches (460 mm) of rain fell in one night causing many roads to be destroyed and many homes a total loss. The county was later declared a disaster area, and the governor of Georgia declared a state of emergency. The floodings worst affected areas were in the areas of Douglasville, Villa Rica, Austell, Lithia Springs, and Chapel Hill. The disaster killed more than eight people in the county, most of them in the Douglasville area. The Austell death toll was also high but it was reported in the Cobb County losses.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 6,934
1890 7,794 12.4%
1900 8,745 12.2%
1910 8,953 2.4%
1920 10,477 17.0%
1930 9,461 −9.7%
1940 10,053 6.3%
1950 12,173 21.1%
1960 16,741 37.5%
1970 28,659 71.2%
1980 54,573 90.4%
1990 71,120 30.3%
2000 92,174 29.6%
2010 132,403 43.6%
Est. 2015 140,733 6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 132,403 people, 42,423 households, and 24,911 families residing in the county. The population density was 662 people per square mile. There were 51,672 housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 52.5% White, 39.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian and 2.4% from two or more races. 8.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 32,822 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 12.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.10% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,798, and the median income for a family was $54,082. Males had a median income of $38,204 versus $28,475 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,172. About 5.70% of families and 7.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 132,403 people, 46,624 households, and 34,429 families residing in the county. The population density was 661.8 inhabitants per square mile (255.5/km2). There were 51,672 housing units at an average density of 258.3 per square mile (99.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 52.5% white, 39.5% black or African American, 1.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.8% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.1% were Subsaharan African, 9.1% were American, 8.6% were Irish, 7.8% were German, and 7.6% were English.

Of the 46,624 households, 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families, and 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.27. The median age was 35.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $55,852 and the median income for a family was $62,977. Males had a median income of $45,424 versus $37,120 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,515. About 8.8% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

  • Sweetwater Creek State Park is host to the ruins of a Civil War-era mill destroyed in General Sherman's campaign through Georgia.
  • Hunter Park is located within the city limits of Douglasville, and it is home to the majority of the sports events held in Douglas County. It is home to the Douglas County Boys and Girls Club.
  • Deer Lick Park is located in the northeast corner of the county and is the third-largest park in the county. It is also home to sporting events.
  • Woodrow Wilson Park and Lithia Springs Girls Ball Field are located in Lithia Springs next to Sweetwater Creek. The ballfield has flooded during heavy rain storms.
  • Boundary Waters Aquatic Center opened in July 2005 in the southeastern section of the County, and it is home to the Douglas County swim team, the Stingrays. The Center also provides aquatic therapy and swim lessons to the county's citizens for a low fee. Residents outside the county can use the center as well for a slightly higher fee.

Other parks in the county include:

  • Post Road Park
  • Clinton Nature Preserve
  • Bill Arp Park
  • Fairplay Park
  • Winston Park
  • Mount Carmel Ball Field
  • Dog River Park/Reservoir

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-20.svg Interstate 20
  • US 78.svg U.S. Route 78
  • US 278.svg U.S. Route 278
  • Georgia 5.svg State Route 5
  • Georgia 6.svg State Route 6
  • Georgia 8.svg State Route 8
  • Georgia 8 Connector.svg State Route 8 Connector
  • Georgia 61.svg State Route 61
  • Georgia 70.svg State Route 70
  • Georgia 92.svg State Route 92
  • Georgia 154.svg State Route 154
  • Georgia 166.svg State Route 166
  • Georgia 402.svg State Route 402 (unsigned designation for I-20)

Other roads

  • Lee Road: Runs through the eastern portion of the county in the Lithia Springs area. The road intersects I-20, begins at Fairburn Road (State Highway 92) in the south and terminates at S. Sweetwater Rd north of I-20.
  • Post Road: Runs through the western portion of Douglas County through the Winston area. The road begins at the southern border with Carroll County, and runs north, intersects I-20 and ends at Bankhead Highway (US Route 78).
  • Chapel Hill Road: begins at I-20 (road continues north as Campbellton St.) and runs south to Dorsett Shoals Road, ending at SR 166.
  • Douglas Boulevard runs from Chapel Hill Rd. at I-20 to SR 5 (Bill Arp Rd.), and from there to Bright Star Road. This road passes Douglasville's Arbor Place Mall.
  • Kings Highway runs south from SR 5 to Big A Road, and is host to many residential developments.
  • Pope Road runs south, southeast looping from the Midway area of Fairburn Rd.(SR 92) and ends at Annewakee Rd.
  • Annewakee Road runs south from Chapel Hill Rd. at Dorsett Shoals Rd. and ending at Fairburn Rd.(SR 92) and Pope Rd.
  • Dorsett Shoals Road runs west from Chapel Hill Rd. at Annewakee Rd. to SR 5.
  • Capps Ferry Road (a future state route) runs from the end of South Fulton Parkway to S.R. 166 connecting southern Douglas County to Atlanta.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Images for kids


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