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Henry County, Georgia facts for kids

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Henry County, Georgia
Map
Map of Georgia highlighting Henry County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded May 15, 1821
Seat McDonough
Largest City Stockbridge
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

327 sq mi (847 km²)
322 sq mi (834 km²)
4.4 sq mi (11 km²), 1.4%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

217,739
633/sq mi (244/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.henry.ga.us
Named for: Patrick Henry

Henry County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. Per the 2014 census estimate, the population of Henry County is 213,869. The county seat is McDonough. The county was named for Patrick Henry, Revolutionary War firebrand and champion of individual rights, to whom the slogan "give me liberty, or give me death" is attributed.

Henry County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is home to the Atlanta Motor Speedway in Hampton. The Henry County Courthouse (McDonough, Georgia) is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1995, Henry County was the 6th fastest growing county in the United States.

History

Henry County, Georgia was created by the Georgia State Legislature in 1821 from land acquired from the Creek Indian Nation by the First Treaty of Indian Springs. Henry's original land area was much larger than it is today, stretching from near Indian Springs (present-day Indian Springs State Park) in the south to the Chattahoochee River near Sandy Springs in the north; encompassing most of present-day Metropolitan Atlanta. Before one year passed the size of the County was diminished through the separation of land areas which, in whole or in part, became present day DeKalb, Fulton, Fayette and Newton Counties. Later divisions resulted in Clayton, Spalding, Rockdale and Butts Counties.

In the beginning Henry County was a virgin wilderness, having just been ceded from the Creek Nation. Prior to 1821, the Creeks and a few trappers and traders were the only residents of this area. The Creek Indians left their mark through place names, a few small Indian Mounds scattered around the County and through the arrowheads and broken pottery which can be found throughout Henry County.

Jesse Johnson, son of John Johnson and great-grandfather of U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson, was a "first settler" of Henry County. He was a prosperous farmer, sheriff (1822–1835), and judge, before he fled to Alabama.

Geography and transportation

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 327 square miles (850 km2), of which 322 square miles (830 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (1.4%) is water.

The vast majority of Henry County is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, with just a very small western corner, west of Hampton, located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 10,566
1840 11,756 11.3%
1850 14,726 25.3%
1860 10,702 −27.3%
1870 10,102 −5.6%
1880 14,193 40.5%
1890 16,220 14.3%
1900 18,602 14.7%
1910 19,927 7.1%
1920 20,420 2.5%
1930 15,924 −22.0%
1940 15,119 −5.1%
1950 15,857 4.9%
1960 17,619 11.1%
1970 23,724 34.7%
1980 36,309 53.0%
1990 58,741 61.8%
2000 119,341 103.2%
2010 203,922 70.9%
Est. 2015 217,739 6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 119,341 people, 41,373 households, and 33,305 families residing in the county. The population density was 370 people per square mile (143/km²). There were 43,166 housing units at an average density of 134 per square mile (52/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.38% White, 14.68% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Census Estimates from the 2008 American Community Survey indicate that the African-American population is 32.6%.

There were 41,373 households out of which 42.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.40% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.50% were non-families. 15.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 34.90% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 7.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,309, and the median income for a family was $61,607. Males had a median income of $41,449 versus $29,211 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,945. About 3.70% of families and 4.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.50% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 203,922 people, 70,255 households, and 54,445 families residing in the county. The population density was 633.0 inhabitants per square mile (244.4/km2). There were 76,533 housing units at an average density of 237.6 per square mile (91.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 55.0% white, 36.9% black or African American, 2.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 10.7% were American, 9.3% were Irish, 9.2% were German, and 8.2% were English.

Of the 70,255 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.5% were non-families, and 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29. The median age was 35.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $63,923 and the median income for a family was $70,972. Males had a median income of $50,198 versus $39,785 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,773. About 6.3% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

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