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Henry County
Henry County Courthouse and Confederate monument
Henry County Courthouse and Confederate monument
Map of Georgia highlighting Henry County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded May 15, 1821; 201 years ago (1821-05-15)
Named for Patrick Henry
Seat McDonough
Largest city Stockbridge
Area
 • Total 327 sq mi (850 km2)
 • Land 322 sq mi (830 km2)
 • Water 4.4 sq mi (11 km2)  1.4%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
234,561
 • Density 704/sq mi (272/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 3rd, 10th, 13th

Henry County is located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. Per the 2010 census, the population of Henry County is 203,922. The county seat is McDonough. The county was named for Patrick Henry.

Henry County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA metropolitan statistical area. It is home to the Atlanta Motor Speedway in Hampton. The Henry County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1995, Henry County was the sixth-fastest-growing county in the United States.

History

Henry County, Georgia was created by the Georgia State Legislature in 1821 from land acquired from the Creek Indian Nation by the First Treaty of Indian Springs. Henry's original land area was much larger than it is today, stretching from near Indian Springs (present-day Indian Springs State Park) in the south to the Chattahoochee River near Sandy Springs in the north; encompassing most of present-day Metropolitan Atlanta. Before one year passed the size of the County was diminished through the separation of land areas which, in whole or in part, became present day DeKalb, Fulton, Fayette and Newton Counties. Later divisions resulted in Clayton, Spalding, Rockdale and Butts Counties.

In the beginning Henry County was a virgin wilderness, having just been ceded from the Creek Nation. Prior to 1821, the Creeks and a few trappers and traders were the only residents of this area. The Creek Indians left their mark through place names, a few small Indian Mounds scattered around the County and through the arrowheads and broken pottery which can be found throughout Henry County.

Jesse Johnson, son of John Johnson and great-grandfather of U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson, was a "first settler" of Henry County. He was a prosperous farmer, sheriff (1822–1835), and judge, before he fled to Alabama.

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-75.svg Interstate 75
  • I-675.svg Interstate 675
  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • Georgia 3.svg State Route 3
  • Georgia 20.svg State Route 20
  • Georgia 42.svg State Route 42
  • Georgia 81.svg State Route 81
  • Georgia 138.svg State Route 138
  • Georgia 155.svg State Route 155
  • Georgia 401.svg State Route 401 (unsigned designation for I-75)
  • Georgia 413.svg State Route 413 (unsigned designation for I-675)
  • Georgia 920.svg Georgia State Route 920 (unsigned designation for Jonesboro Road)

Pedestrians and cycling

  • Reeves Creek Trail

Transit systems

  • Henry County operates its own reservation-based transit service for use by county residents. In addition, Xpress, a regional commuter bus service operated by the Georgia Regional Transportation Authority, serves park-and-ride lots in Stockbridge, Hampton, and McDonough.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 10,566
1840 11,756 11.3%
1850 14,726 25.3%
1860 10,702 −27.3%
1870 10,102 −5.6%
1880 14,193 40.5%
1890 16,220 14.3%
1900 18,602 14.7%
1910 19,927 7.1%
1920 20,420 2.5%
1930 15,924 −22.0%
1940 15,119 −5.1%
1950 15,857 4.9%
1960 17,619 11.1%
1970 23,724 34.7%
1980 36,309 53.0%
1990 58,741 61.8%
2000 119,341 103.2%
2010 203,922 70.9%
2020 240,712 18.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2019

2020 Census

Henry County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 86,297 35.85%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 116,431 48.37%
Native American 427 0.18%
Asian 7,976 3.31%
Pacific Islander 119 0.05%
Other/Mixed 11,025 4.58%
Hispanic or Latino 18,437 7.66%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 240,712 people, 79,550 households, and 60,471 families residing in the county.

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 203,922 people, 70,255 households, and 54,445 families residing in the county. The population density was 633.0 inhabitants per square mile (244.4/km2). There were 76,533 housing units at an average density of 237.6 per square mile (91.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 55.0% white, 36.9% black or African American, 2.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 10.7% were American, 9.3% were Irish, 9.2% were German, and 8.2% were English.

Of the 70,255 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.5% were non-families, and 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29. The median age was 35.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $63,923 and the median income for a family was $70,972. Males had a median income of $50,198 versus $39,785 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,773. About 6.3% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Economy

Goya Foods has its Atlanta offices in an unincorporated area near McDonough.

Additionally a pair of warehouses used to exist along US 23 south of McDonough. One of which was owned by Whirlpool Corporation, and the other by Toys 'R' Us.

Sports

The semi-professional soccer team Georgia Revolution FC plays in the National Premier Soccer League at the Warhawk Stadium.

Atlanta Motor Speedway is located in Henry County and hosts an annual NASCAR race and many other events throughout the year, including the 2021 Publix Atlanta Marathon, which moved to the Speedway premises.

Education

Local public schools are operated by the Henry County Schools.

Enriched Virtual Program

  • Impact academy

Alternative schools

  • EXCEL Academy(known as Patrick Henry alternative)
  • Mainstay Academy (GNETS - Special Education)

Private schools

  • ABC Montessori (Toddler - 12)
  • Bible Baptist Christian School (K4–12)[1]
  • Community Christian School (Nursery–12)
  • Creekside Christian Academy
  • Eagle's Landing Christian Academy (K3–12)
  • Lake Dow Christian Academy
  • New Creation Christian Academy
  • North Henry Academy (K3–8)[2]
  • Strong Rock Christian School (K–12)
  • Peoples Baptist Academy
  • Heritage Baptist Christian School
  • The Sharon School
  • McDonough Methodist Academy

Higher education

Mercer University has a Regional Academic Center in McDonough. The center, opened in 2003, offers programs through the university's College of Continuing and Professional Studies and Mercer's Tift College of Education. Clayton State University and Gordon College also offer a range of college courses at the Academy for Advanced Studies in McDonough.

Southern Crescent Technical College's Henry County Center (in McDonough) offers programs in Allied Health, Business Technology, Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Computer Information Systems, Personal Services, Public Safety, and Drafting Technology.

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