Columbia County, Washington facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Columbia County, Washington
Map
Map of Washington highlighting Columbia County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the USA highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 11, 1875
Seat Dayton
Largest City Dayton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

873 sq mi (2,261 km²)
869 sq mi (2,251 km²)
4.9 sq mi (13 km²), 0.6%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

3,944
4.6/sq mi (2/km²)
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website: www.columbiaco.com
Named for: Columbia River

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,078, making it the third-least populous county in Washington. The county seat and largest city is Dayton. The county was created out of Walla Walla County on November 11, 1875 and is named after the Columbia River.

Columbia County is included in the Walla Walla, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 873 square miles (2,260 km2), of which 869 square miles (2,250 km2) is land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (0.6%) is water. It is part of the Palouse, a wide and rolling prairie-like region of the middle Columbia basin.

Geographic features

  • Snake River
  • Blue Mountains
  • Touchet River
  • Tucannon River

Major highways

  • US 12.svg U.S. Route 12

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Umatilla National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 7,103
1890 6,709 −5.5%
1900 7,128 6.2%
1910 7,042 −1.2%
1920 6,093 −13.5%
1930 5,325 −12.6%
1940 5,549 4.2%
1950 4,860 −12.4%
1960 4,569 −6.0%
1970 4,439 −2.8%
1980 4,057 −8.6%
1990 4,027 −0.7%
2000 4,064 0.9%
2010 4,078 0.3%
Est. 2015 3,944 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,064 people, 1,687 households, and 1,138 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 2,018 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.73% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.96% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.73% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. 6.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of German, 18.2% United States or American, 14.3% English and 8.3% Irish ancestry. 94.3% spoke English and 5.7% Spanish at home.

There were 1,687 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 22.80% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,500, and the median income for a family was $44,038. Males had a median income of $33,690 versus $21,367 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,374. About 8.60% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,078 people, 1,762 households, and 1,156 families residing in the county. The population density was 4.7 inhabitants per square mile (1.8/km2). There were 2,136 housing units at an average density of 2.5 per square mile (0.97/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.0% white, 1.4% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific islander, 0.3% black or African American, 1.7% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.7% were German, 18.3% were English, 12.3% were Irish, and 7.0% were American.

Of the 1,762 households, 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families, and 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.76. The median age was 48.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,611 and the median income for a family was $53,452. Males had a median income of $45,000 versus $35,357 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,810. About 9.8% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Dayton Courthouse
Columbia County courthouse

City

Town

Unincorporated communities


Columbia County, Washington Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.