Concert of Europe facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
European Restoration
1815–1849
Map congress of vienna.jpg
The national boundaries within Europe as set by the Congress of Vienna, 1815.
Preceded by Napoleonic era
Including
Followed by Romantic era
Leader(s)

The Concert of Europe, also known as the Congress System or the Vienna System after the Congress of Vienna, was a system of dispute resolution adopted by the major conservative powers of Europe to maintain their power, oppose revolutionary movements, weaken the forces of nationalism, and uphold the balance of power. Historians date its operation from the end of the Napoleonic Wars (1815) to the early 1820s, although some see it playing a role until the Crimean War (1853–1856).

The member countries were the United Kingdom, Austria, Russia and Prussia (no longer a country). After Napoleon, ruler of France, was no longer in power, France joined the Concert of Europe.

Leaders

Metternich Klemens Fst
Prince Metternich, Austrian Chancellor and an influential leader in the Concert of Europe

The leaders of this concert include:

The Concert was also known as the Congress System, where leaders would meet and reach decisions by mutual agreement. It eventually would change names and more countries joined to form The League of Nations.

Goals

Important goals of the Concert:

  • control France after many years of war
  • develop a "balance of power" among the nations of Europe
  • uphold the agreements set by the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)
  • prevent another dictator from gaining too much power (like Napoleon)

Benefits:

Decline:

  • Fell apart after years of disagreement between the countries
  • Mainly between Great Britain (England) and the other conservative countries in the Concert
  • Finally fell after the following wars: Crimean War, Italian War for Independence, Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War.

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