Dalhart, Texas facts for kids

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Dalhart, Texas
City
Dalhart Consumers grain elevator, 2008
Dalhart Consumers grain elevator, 2008
Motto: "The XIT City"
Location within Dallam County and Texas
Location within Dallam County and Texas
Country United States
State Texas
Counties Dallam, Hartley
Area
 • Total 4.79 sq mi (12.41 km2)
 • Land 4.78 sq mi (12.38 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 3,983 ft (1,214 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,930
 • Density 1,655.0/sq mi (639.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 79022
Area code 806
FIPS code 48-18524
GNIS feature ID 1355552
Website dalharttx.gov

Dalhart is a city in Dallam and Hartley counties in the U.S. state of Texas, and the county seat of Dallam County. The population was 7,930 at the 2010 census.

History

Empty Saddle Monument in Dalhart, TX IMG 0566
The Empty Saddle Monument at the crossroads of Dalhart (U.S. Highways 87, 385, and 54) has honored the memory of the cowboys of the defunct XIT Ranch.

Founded in 1901, Dalhart is named for its location on the border of Dallam and Hartley counties; its name is a portmanteau of the names of the two counties. The city was founded at the site of a railroad junction, which heavily contributed to its early growth.

Dalhart was in the center of the Dust Bowl, an area adversely affected by a long period of drought and dust storms during the Great Depression of the 1930s. It was here that Tex Thornton operating on the now debunked concussion theory coaxed today's inflation-adjusted equivalent of $1 million from the locals on claims he could fire rocket-powered explosives into the clouds and cause rain.

At the Dallam County Courthouse, Dalhart honors the memory of James R. Fox, Jr. (March 16, 1919—March 11, 1943), who flew supplies to China for Pan American Airways, then a joint Chinese and American company, during World War II through the treacherous Hump Route. Fox and his two Chinese copilots were killed when their Douglas C-52 cargo plane crashed. In 2002, the Peoples Republic of China made a bronze bust in Fox's honor and presented it to Dalhart.

Geography

40 year sequence of Landsat images showing the dry Texas panhandle near the town of Dalhart

Dalhart is located in northwestern Texas at 36°3′39″N 102°31′7″W / 36.06083°N 102.51861°W / 36.06083; -102.51861 (36.060856, −102.518656). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.4 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.21%, is water.

Dalhart sits at the intersection of U.S. Highway 87, 385, and 54. Two miles south of Dalhart is Rita Blanca Canyon, site of Rita Blanca Lake State Park.

Dalhart is located closer to six other state capitals than to Texas' capital of Austin. In surface mileage (over major highways), Dalhart is 570 miles (920 km) from Austin, but is 261 miles (420 km) from Santa Fe, New Mexico, 313 miles (504 km) from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 348 miles (560 km) from Denver, Colorado, 448 miles (721 km) from Cheyenne, Wyoming, 461 miles (742 km) from Topeka, Kansas, and 544 miles (875 km) from Lincoln, Nebraska.

As the "crow flies," Dalhart is 491 miles (790 km) from Austin, but 201 miles (323 km) from Santa Fe, 281 miles (452 km) from Oklahoma City, 289 miles (465 km) from Denver, 375 miles (604 km) from Cheyenne, 434 miles (698 km) from Topeka, and 458 miles (737 km) from Lincoln.

Climate

Dalhart experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cool, dry winters and hot summers. Depending on the standard consulted, Dalhart's climate is classified as semi-arid or steppe. The average annual rainfall of less than 16 inches strongly influences both Dalhart's ecological climate and agricultural practices, especially center-pivot irrigation.

Climate data for Dalhart, Texas. (1948-2013)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(27.8)
88
(31.1)
90
(32.2)
96
(35.6)
102
(38.9)
110
(43.3)
107
(41.7)
106
(41.1)
103
(39.4)
96
(35.6)
89
(31.7)
82
(27.8)
110
(43.3)
Average high °F (°C) 49.6
(9.78)
53.2
(11.78)
61.0
(16.11)
70.1
(21.17)
78.7
(25.94)
88.1
(31.17)
91.5
(33.06)
89.3
(31.83)
82.1
(27.83)
71.8
(22.11)
59.1
(15.06)
50.3
(10.17)
70.4
(21.33)
Average low °F (°C) 19.5
(-6.94)
23.2
(-4.89)
29.4
(-1.44)
38.8
(3.78)
49.0
(9.44)
58.8
(14.89)
63.4
(17.44)
62.0
(16.67)
53.7
(12.06)
41.2
(5.11)
28.7
(-1.83)
21.1
(-6.06)
40.7
(4.83)
Record low °F (°C) -21
(-29.4)
-19
(-28.3)
0
(-17.8)
16
(-8.9)
25
(-3.9)
37
(2.8)
49
(9.4)
48
(8.9)
27
(-2.8)
9
(-12.8)
-5
(-20.6)
-12
(-24.4)
-21
(-29.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.45
(11.4)
0.42
(10.7)
0.91
(23.1)
1.13
(28.7)
2.37
(60.2)
2.23
(56.6)
2.94
(74.7)
2.60
(66)
1.49
(37.8)
1.25
(31.8)
0.55
(14)
0.48
(12.2)
16.82
(427.2)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.7
(9.4)
3.3
(8.4)
3.0
(7.6)
0.8
(2)
0.2
(0.5)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(1)
1.8
(4.6)
3.3
(8.4)
16.6
(42.2)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,580
1920 2,676 3.7%
1930 4,691 75.3%
1940 4,682 −0.2%
1950 5,918 26.4%
1960 5,160 −12.8%
1970 5,705 10.6%
1980 6,854 20.1%
1990 6,246 −8.9%
2000 7,237 15.9%
2010 7,930 9.6%
Est. 2015 8,370 5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

In December 2015, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer voted Dalhart No. 8 of the ten "most conservative" cities in the United States in regard to campaign contributions. Other West Texas communities in the most conservative lineup are Hereford (No. 1), Monahans (No. 5), and Childress (No. 9). In contrast, El Cerrito, California, was named the "most liberal" city in the nation regarding political donations.

2010 Census

As of the 2010 Census, Dalhart had a population of 7,930 living in 2,957 housing locations. 50.3% of the population was male, with 49.7% being female. The census revealed that 28.9% of the population was under the age of 18, while 12.4% of citizens were over the age of 65. With an area of 4.78 square miles, the City of Dalhart has a population density of 1659.0 persons/square mile.

Census data showed that 84.0% of the population identified as white, while 1.2% identified as Black/African American, 0.7% identified as Asian, 0.9% identified as Native American, and 0.1% were Pacific Islander. 10.5% of the remaining population identified themselves as some other race, while 2.5% considered themselves to be of two or more races. 34.0% of the population identified themselves as Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2010, 9.9% of the population identified as being foreign-born, with 25.4% of households in Dalhart speaking a primary language other than English at home. Data demonstrated that 79.6% of residents over 25 had earned at least a High School Diploma, while 16.4% had obtained a bachelor's degree or higher.

Over the 4-year period between 2007-2011, the median (middle) household income was $53,210, with a larger mean (average) household income of $69,190. The median per-capita income was found to be $24,979. The census showed that 6.4% of the population lived below the federal poverty line, and 3.4% of the population was unemployed. 71.1% of Dalhart residents owned a home, with the median home value being $91,800. As of 2010, 829 businesses were registered in the city.

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Dalhart is known as the "XIT City" because of its relationship with the historic XIT Ranch. The ranch was a 3,000,000-acre (12,000 km2) plot of land traded in exchange for the construction of the Texas State Capitol in Austin. The ranch was dissolved in 1912, but its history is celebrated with the city's XIT Museum and the XIT Rodeo and Reunion. Held annually on the first full Thursday through Sunday weekend of August, the event includes the world's largest free barbecue, junior rodeo as well as Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association events, and three nights of live music. The Empty Saddle Monument, located at the crossroads of Dalhart, was constructed in 1940 at the request of Bobby Dycke, the wife of a ranch hand, to recognize the contribution of the XIT cowboys to the history of the region.

The Muscle Car Party Weekend is held each year in May, and includes a classic car show, bicycle drag races and dinner and dance. The events are sponsored by the Dalhart Cruzers Car Club, and each year the club raffles a classic car.

Gallery


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