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Durham County, North Carolina facts for kids

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Durham County
Old Durham County Courthouse
Old Durham County Courthouse
Official seal of Durham County
Seal
Official logo of Durham County
Logo
Map of North Carolina highlighting Durham County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  North Carolina
Founded 1881
Named for Bartlett Snipes Durham
Seat Durham
Largest city Durham
Area
 • Total 298 sq mi (770 km2)
 • Land 286 sq mi (740 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (30 km2)  4.0%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
326,126
 • Density 1,140.3/sq mi (440.3/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 4th

Durham County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 324,833, making it the sixth-most populous county in North Carolina. Its county seat is Durham.

Durham County is the core of the Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 2,106,463 in 2020.

History

The county was formed on April 17, 1881, from parts of Orange County and Wake County, taking the name of its own county seat. In 1911 parts of Cedar Fork Township of Wake County was transferred to Durham County and became Carr Township.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 298 square miles (770 km2), of which 286 square miles (740 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (4.0%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-40
  • I-85
  • I-540 / NC 540
  • US 15
  • US 70
  • US 501
  • NC 54
  • NC 55
  • NC 98
  • NC 147
  • NC 157
  • NC 751

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 18,041
1900 26,233 45.4%
1910 35,276 34.5%
1920 42,219 19.7%
1930 67,196 59.2%
1940 80,244 19.4%
1950 101,639 26.7%
1960 111,995 10.2%
1970 132,681 18.5%
1980 152,785 15.2%
1990 181,835 19.0%
2000 223,314 22.8%
2010 267,587 19.8%
2020 324,833 21.4%
2021 (est.) 326,126 21.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2020 census

Durham County racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 133,768 41.18%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 109,225 33.62%
Native American 704 0.22%
Asian 16,707 5.14%
Pacific Islander 83 0.03%
Other/Mixed 14,242 4.38%
Hispanic or Latino 50,104 15.42%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 324,833 people, 131,140 households, and 75,291 families residing in the county.

Communities

Map of Durham County North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Durham County, North Carolina, With Municipal and Township Labels

The city of Durham is the only incorporated municipality to predominantly exist within Durham County, and the only one whose urban core lies within the county, though small portions of municipalities from neighboring counties extend into Durham County, and the city of Durham also itself extends slightly into neighboring counties. All other towns and places within Durham County are unincorporated communities.

City

  • Durham (county seat, small portions extend into Wake and Orange counties)
  • Raleigh (small part, mostly in Wake County)

Towns

Source:

Townships

  • Carr
  • Durham
  • Lebanon
  • Mangum
  • Oak Grove
  • Triangle

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

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