East Amwell Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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East Amwell Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of East Amwell
Map of East Amwell Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in the State of New Jersey.
Map of East Amwell Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of East Amwell Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of East Amwell Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated April 6, 1846
Named for Amwell Township / Amwell, Hertfordshire
Area
 • Total 28.561 sq mi (73.972 km2)
 • Land 28.459 sq mi (73.707 km2)
 • Water 0.102 sq mi (0.264 km2)  0.36%
Area rank 94th of 566 in state
8th of 26 in county
Elevation 203 ft (62 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 4,013
 • Estimate (2015) 3,925
 • Rank 413th of 566 in state
11th of 26 in county
 • Density 141.0/sq mi (54.4/km2)
 • Density rank 529th of 566 in state
23rd of 26 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08551 - Ringoes
08559 - Stockton
Area code(s) 609 and 908
FIPS code 3401918820
GNIS feature ID 0882180
Website www.eastamwelltownship.com

East Amwell Township is a township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,013, reflecting a decline of 442 (-9.9%) from the 4,455 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 123 (+2.8%) from the 4,332 counted in the 1990 Census.

East Amwell Township is located in the southeastern corner of Hunterdon County where it borders both Somerset and Mercer counties. It includes the unincorporated community of Ringoes, the oldest known settlement in Hunterdon County, as well as the communities of Larison's Corner, Weert's Corner and part of Reaville.

History

Amwell Township was established by a royal patent from Queen Anne in 1708. Its territory comprised 200 square miles (520 km2) and included present day Delaware Township, Raritan Township, Readington Township, East Amwell Township and West Amwell Township and portions of Clinton, Lebanon and Tewksbury Townships. Both East Amwell Township and West Amwell Township were formed on April 6, 1846, when Amwell Township was split in two. Territory was gain in 1854 from Delaware Township, Raritan Township and West Amwell Township, and again from those same three townships in 1897. The township was named for Amwell Township, which in turn was named for Amwell, Hertfordshire in England.

During the American Revolutionary War, a small but important skirmish occurred in East Amwell when local militia under Capt. John Schenck ambushed a party of British dragoons near Larison's Corner. The "Ambush of Geary" on December 14, 1776, helped rein in British scouting parties in Hunterdon County in the crucial weeks before Washington's crossing of the Delaware.

East Amwell was the location of the Lindbergh kidnapping, in which Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, was abducted from the estate owned by Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh, and was later found dead nearby.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 28.561 square miles (73.972 km2), including 28.459 square miles (73.707 km2) of land and 0.102 square miles (0.264 km2) of water (0.36%).

The northern areas of East Amwell are in Amwell Valley, while the southern sections are in The Sourlands region.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Amwell, Snydertown, Union, Unionville, Venliews Corners and Wertsville.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,330
1860 1,865 40.2%
1870 1,802 −3.4%
1880 1,696 −5.9%
1890 1,375 −18.9%
1900 1,327 −3.5%
1910 1,203 −9.3%
1920 1,102 −8.4%
1930 1,210 9.8%
1940 1,218 0.7%
1950 1,525 25.2%
1960 1,981 29.9%
1970 2,568 29.6%
1980 3,468 35.0%
1990 4,332 24.9%
2000 4,455 2.8%
2010 4,013 −9.9%
Est. 2015 3,925 −2.2%
Population sources: 1850-1920
1850-1870 1850 1870
1880-1890 1890-1910
1910-1930 1930-1990
2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,013 people, 1,518 households, and 1,155 families residing in the township. The population density was 141.0 per square mile (54.4/km2). There were 1,580 housing units at an average density of 55.5 per square mile (21.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 95.81% (3,845) White, 1.25% (50) Black or African American, 0.05% (2) Native American, 1.42% (57) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.67% (27) from other races, and 0.80% (32) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.82% (113) of the population.

There were 1,518 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the township, the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 39.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.8 years. For every 100 females there were 106.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 101.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $105,846 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,725) and the median family income was $124,659 (+/- $16,916). Males had a median income of $87,727 (+/- $15,438) versus $53,491 (+/- $7,390) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $46,986 (+/- $4,981). About 0.8% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,455 people, 1,581 households, and 1,305 families residing in the township. The population density was 155.3 people per square mile (60.0/km²). There were 1,624 housing units at an average density of 56.6 per square mile (21.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.97% White, 0.72% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.

There were 1,581 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the township the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $85,664, and the median income for a family was $90,000. Males had a median income of $60,945 versus $39,306 for females. The per capita income for the township was $37,187. About 1.8% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 68.03 miles (109.48 km) of roadways, of which 42.84 miles (68.94 km) were maintained by the municipality, 17.15 miles (27.60 km) by Hunterdon County and 8.04 miles (12.94 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Route 31 passes through mostly along the western border with West Amwell. Route 179 and US Route 202 pass through near Ringoes.

Major county roads that go through the township are CR 514 (along the border with Raritan), CR 518 and CR 579. The closest limited access road is Interstate 95 in neighboring Hopewell Township.


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