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West Amwell Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of West Amwell
West Amwell Township Municipal Building
West Amwell Township Municipal Building
Map of West Amwell Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of West Amwell Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of West Amwell Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West Amwell Township, New Jersey
West Amwell Township, New Jersey is located in Hunterdon County, New Jersey
West Amwell Township, New Jersey
West Amwell Township, New Jersey
Location in Hunterdon County, New Jersey
West Amwell Township, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
West Amwell Township, New Jersey
West Amwell Township, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
West Amwell Township, New Jersey is located in the United States
West Amwell Township, New Jersey
West Amwell Township, New Jersey
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Flag of Hunterdon County, New Jersey.gif Hunterdon
Incorporated April 6, 1846
Named for Amwell Township / Great and Little Amwell, Hertfordshire
Government
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
Area
 • Total 21.84 sq mi (56.58 km2)
 • Land 21.65 sq mi (56.07 km2)
 • Water 0.20 sq mi (0.51 km2)  0.90%
Area rank 129th of 565 in state
12th of 26 in county
Elevation
315 ft (96 m)
Population
 • Total 3,840
 • Estimate 
(2019)
2,739
 • Rank 420th of 566 in state
15th of 26 in county
 • Density 177.9/sq mi (68.7/km2)
 • Density rank 517th of 566 in state
22nd of 26 in county
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08530 - Lambertville
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3401978230
GNIS feature ID 0882181
Website

West Amwell Township is a township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,840, reflecting an increase of 1,457 (+61.1%) from the 2,383 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 132 (+5.9%) from the 2,251 counted in the 1990 Census.

West Amwell was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1846, when Amwell Township was split, also creating East Amwell Township at the same time. Portions of the township were taken to form Lambertville town on March 1, 1849. In 1896, the township annexed portions of Delaware Township, East Amwell Township and Raritan Township. The township was named for Amwell Township, which in turn was named for Great Amwell/Little Amwell, Hertfordshire in England.

Geography

The northern areas of West Amwell are in Amwell Valley, while the southern sections are in The Sourlands region. The Delaware River separates West Amwell from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 21.776 square miles (56.398 km2), including 21.581 square miles (55.894 km2) of land and 0.195 square miles (0.505 km2) of water (0.89%).

The township borders Alexandria Township, Bethlehem Township, Clinton, Clinton Township, Franklin Township and Lebanon Township.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Alexauken, Bowlryville, Bowne, Linvale, Mount Airy, Oakdale and Rocktown.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,175
1860 1,089 −7.3%
1870 1,030 −5.4%
1880 1,039 0.9%
1890 866 −16.7%
1900 839 −3.1%
1910 866 3.2%
1920 735 −15.1%
1930 788 7.2%
1940 975 23.7%
1950 1,213 24.4%
1960 1,683 38.7%
1970 2,142 27.3%
1980 2,299 7.3%
1990 2,251 −2.1%
2000 2,383 5.9%
2010 3,840 61.1%
Est. 2019 2,739 −28.7%
Population sources:
1850-1920 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930 1930-1990
2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,840 people, 1,102 households, and 839 families residing in the township. The population density was 177.9 per square mile (68.7/km2). There were 1,157 housing units at an average density of 53.6 per square mile (20.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 82.58% (3,171) White, 13.39% (514) Black or African American, 0.05% (2) Native American, 1.46% (56) Asian, 0.05% (2) Pacific Islander, 1.12% (43) from other races, and 1.35% (52) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.84% (186) of the population.

There were 1,102 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.9% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the township, the population was spread out with 16.5% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.8 years. For every 100 females there were 155.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 165.5 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $101,094 (with a margin of error of +/- $16,403) and the median family income was $115,595 (+/- $19,328). Males had a median income of $86,875 (+/- $26,080) versus $53,438 (+/- $17,350) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $54,485 (+/- $9,741). About 4.2% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,383 people, 949 households, and 696 families residing in the township. The population density was 109.7 people per square mile (42.4/km2). There were 984 housing units at an average density of 45.3 per square mile (17.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 98.07% White, 0.63% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.04% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

There were 949 households, out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.3% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the township the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $73,380, and the median income for a family was $79,605. Males had a median income of $49,539 versus $33,333 for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,877. About 0.6% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.

Surrounding communities

Transportation

2020-07-31 15 33 40 View north along U.S. Route 202 at the exit for Mount Airy-Dilts Corner in West Amwell Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey
US 202 northbound in West Amwell

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 56.52 miles (90.96 km) of roadways, of which 37.75 miles (60.75 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.43 miles (13.57 km) by Hunterdon County and 10.34 miles (16.64 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Route 29 passes through the southwestern part of the municipality, but without any roads that connect to the heart of the township. Route 31 passes along the eastern border with East Amwell. Route 179 and U.S. Route 202 pass through around the northwestern part of the municipality. Major county roads that go through the township include CR 518 and CR 579. The closest interstate highway is Interstate 295 which is outside the township in neighboring Hopewell.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers bus service to Trenton on the 608 route.

Education

The South Hunterdon Regional School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade from Lambertville, Stockton and West Amwell Township. Each of the three municipalities had their own school through sixth grade, until the Stockton school was closed after the 2017-18 school year; public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend a shared high school in Lambertville. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of three schools, had an enrollment of 925 students and 108.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.6:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Lambertville Public School with 225 students in grades PreK-6, West Amwell School with 224 students in grades K-6 and South Hunterdon Regional High School with 458 students in grades 7-12.

In a special election held in September 2013, voters from Lambertville, Stockton and West Amwell Township passed referenda to dissolve the South Hunterdon Regional High School District and to combine the three existing school districts from each municipality (Lambertville City School District, Stockton Borough School District and West Amwell Township School District), with majorities in each community passing both ballot items. A single combined regional PreK-12 district was created, with property taxes levied under a formula in which 57% is based on property values and 43% on the number of students. The executive county superintendent appointed an interim board of education for the new regional district, which was responsible for implementing the merger.

Eighth grade students from all of Hunterdon County are eligible to apply to attend the high school programs offered by the Hunterdon County Vocational School District, a county-wide vocational school district that offers career and technical education at its campuses in Raritan Township and at programs sited at local high schools, with no tuition charged to students for attendance.

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